Muhammad Halim Natsir(1*)

(1) Universitas Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of this research was to examine the use of curcuma (curcuma domestica) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) combinations with encapsulated and not Encapsulated on intestinal histological and Intestinal Microflora in broiler. The materials used in this research were 180 day-old broiler chicks, flour and encapsulated turmeric and ginger mixture. The encapsulants used were maltodextrin (75 %: casein 25 %) and adding BHT 0.075 % from extract of 10 % turmeric and ginger mixture. The methods used a Laboratory experiment of a Completely Randomized Design with 9 treatments (P0 = control feed), namely 2 forms of turmeric and ginger mixture. (flour and encapsulated) with 4 levels (0.2; 0.4; 0.6 and 0.8%). The results showed that use of turmeric and ginger mixture in the form of non-encapsulation and encapsulation significantly improved (P<0.01) pH, viscocity of digesta and the number of villi, but showed a no significant difference on villi height, and the number of bacteria (LAB, Lactobacillus, sp, E Coli and salmonella Sp.). It is concluded that the use of turmeric and ginger mixture of encapsulated form provides better results than the form of non- encapsulation with the optimum level of 0.8%. Therefore using encapsulated form in 0.8% of the combined turmeric and ginger in broiler diet is recommended.


(Key words: Broiler, Encapsulation, Ginger, Histological, Microflora, Turmeric)

Full Text:



Daftar Pustaka

Ajizah, A. 2004. Sensitivitas Salmonella typhimurium terhadap Ekstrak Daun Psidium Guajava L. Bioscientiae 1: 31-38.

Aksu, T. and A.S. Bozkurt. 2009. Effect of Dietary Essential Oils and/or Humic Acids on Broiler Performance, Microbial Population of Intestinal Content and Antibody Titres in the Summer Season. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 15: 185-190

Bird, J.N. 2006. Performance Improvement Following Enzyme Supplementation of Wheat and Barley Poultry Diets. Asia Pasific Vitamins and Fine Chemical, Animal Nutrition and Health. Diakses tanggal 12 Januari 2012.

Dono, N.D. 2013. Turmeric (Curcuma Longa Linn.) Supplementation As An Alternative To Antibiotics In Poultry Diets. WARTAZOA 23: 41-49

Emamzadeh, A.N. 2010. The Relationship between Excreta Viscosity and TMEn in SBM. World Acad. Sci. Engin. and Techn. 71: 109-111

Garcı´a, V, P. Catala´-Gregori, F. Herna´ndez, M. D. Megı´as and J. Madrid. 2007. Effect of Formic Acid and Plant Extracts on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility, Intestine Mucosa Morphology, and Meat Yield of Broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16: 555–562

Garriga, M., M. Pascual. J.M. Monfort and M. Hugas. 1998. Selection of Lactobacilli for Chiken Probiotic Adjuncts. J. Appl. Microbiol. 84: 125-132.

Khosravifar, O., Y Ebrahimnezhad, N. Maheri-Sis, R.S.D. Nobar, J. Ghiasi-Galekandi. 2014. Effect of some medicinal plants as feed additive on total coliform count of ileum in Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Int. J. Biosci. 4 : 211-220

Kumar, S., K.C. Sharadamma and P.M. Radhakrishna. 2010. Effects of a Garlic Active Based Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Specific Pathogenic Intestinal Microbial Counts of Broiler Chicks. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 9: 244-246

Lavinia, S., D. Gabi, D. Drinceanu, D. Stef, M. Daniela, C. Julean, T.Ramano and Corcionivoschi. 2009. The Effect of Medicinal Plants and Plant Extracted Oils on Broiler Duodenum Morphology and Immunological Profile. Rom.Soc. Biol.sci. 14 : 4606-4614

Malekizadeh, M., M. M. Moeini, and Sh. Ghazi. 2012. The Effects of Different Levels of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) and Turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn) Rhizomes Powder on Some Blood Metabolites and Production Performance Characteristics of Laying Hens. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 14: 127-134

Natsir, M.H., Hartutik, O. Sjofjan and E. Widodo. 2013. Effect of Either Powder or Encapsulated Form of Garlic and Phyllanthus niruri L. Mixture on Broiler Performances,Intestinal Characteristics and Intestinal Microflora. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 12: 676-680

Paul, S.K., G Samanta, G Halder and P Biswas. 2007b. Effect of a Combination of Organic Acid salts as Antibiotic Replacer on the Performance and Gut Health of Broiler Chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development 19

Pelicano, E.R.L., P.A. Souza, H.B.A. Souza, D.F. Figueiredo, M.M. Boiago and Carvalho. 2005. Intestinal Mucosa Development in Broiler Chickens Fed Natural Growth Promoters. Brazilian J. Poult Sci. 7: 221-229

Rahman,H.A.A., S.I. Fathallah, M.A. Helal,3A.A. Nafeaa and I.S. Zahran. 2014. Effect of Turmeric (Curcuma Longa), Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) And/or Bioflavonoid Supplementation to the Broiler Chicks Diet and Drinking Water on the Growth Performance and Intestinal Morphometeric Parameters. Global Veterinaria 12: 627-635

Saki, A.A., R. N. Harcini, E. Rahmatnejad and J. Salary. 2012. Herbal additives and organic acids as antibiotic alternatives in broiler chickens diet for organic production. African J. Biotech 11: 2139-2145

Samadi. 2004. Feed Qualiy for Food Safety. Vol.2 Diakses tanggal 24 April 2012.

Sjofjan, O., Aulani’am, Surisdiarto, A. Rosdiana dan Supiati. 2003. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Bacillus sp dari Usus Ayam Petelur sebagai Sumber Probiotik. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati. 15.

Steel. R. G. D. dan J. H. Torrie. 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika Suatu Pendekatan Biometri. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Tekeli, A., H.R. Kutlu, L. Celik and F. Doran. 2010. Determination of the Effects of Z. officinale and Propolis Extracts on Intestinal Microbiology and Histological Characteristics in Broilers. Int. J. Poult Sci. 9: 898-906

Van der klis, J.D., C. Kwakernaak, dan W. de Wit. 1995. Effects of Endoxylanase Add ition to Wheat-Based Diets on Physicochemical Chyme Conditions and Mineral Absorption in Broiler. J. Anim. Feed. Sci. 51 : 15-27

Wiryawan,K.G., S. Suharti dan M. Bintang. 2005. Kajian Antibakteri Temulawak, Jahe dan Bawang Putih terhadap Salmonella typhimurium serta Pengaruh Bawang Putih terhadap Performans dan Respon Imun Ayam Pedaging. Media Peternakan 28: 52-62

Zhang K.Y.. F Yan. C.A. Keen and P.W. Waldroup. 2005. Evaluation of Microencapsulated Essential Oils and Organic Acids in Diets For Broiler Chickens. Poultry Science Departement. University of Arkansas. Fayetteville. USA.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 6637 | views : 9523


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.