Adsorption of [AuCl4] on Ultrasonically and Mechanical-Stirring Assisted Mg/Al-NO3 Hydrotalcite-Magnetite

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21141

Triastuti Sulistyaningsih(1*), Sri Juari Santosa(2), Dwi Siswanta(3), Bambang Rusdiarso(4)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Semarang State University, Sekaran, Gunungpati Semarang, Central Java 50229 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


It has been examined the application of Mg/Al-NO3 hydrotalcite-magnetite synthesized mechanically (MHT) and ultrasonically (UMHT) by co-precipitation method as adsorbents for [AuCl4] from aqueous solution. Two techniques of synthesis were conducted to determine the effect on the increase of adsorption ability of the [AuCl4]. Magnetite and Mg/Al-NO3 hydrotalcite-magnetite synthesized by co-precipitation with modifications hydrothermal treatment at 120 °C for 5 h. The adsorbents were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Adsorption studies were done by getting the optimum pH, optimum contact time and the optimum concentration. A result of the adsorption study of [AuCl4] on both adsorbents was optimum at pH 3 and fitted well to Langmuir isotherm and pseudo second-order kinetic models. The adsorption capacity of UMHT (ultrasonic technique) was 66.67 mg g-1 and it was higher than that of MHT (mechanic technique), i.e. 31.25 mg g-1. This shows that the ultrasonic radiation technique can increase the adsorption capacity of the [AuCl4]. Based on the desorption using 0.5 mol L-1 NaOH solution, more [AuCl4] was eluted from MHT, indicating that [AuCl4]was weakly bound on MHT than UMHT.

Keywords


[AuCl4]–; magnetite; hydrotalcite; ultrasonic assisted; adsorption

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21141

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