Sorption Characteristics of 137Cs and 90Sr into Rembang and Sumedang Soils

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21142

Budi Setiawan(1*), Yusran Dani(2), Nurmaya Arofah(3)

(1) Center for Radioactive Waste Technology - National Nuclear Energy Agency, Kawasan PUSPIPTEK Bld 71, 3rd Floor, Serpong-Tangerang 15310
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah, Jl. Ir. Haji Juanda No. 95, Ciputat, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15412
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah, Jl. Ir. Haji Juanda No. 95, Ciputat, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15412
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In order to understand the sorption behavior of 137Cs and 90Sr into soil sample from Rembang and Subang, it is important to estimate the effect of contact time, ionic strength and concentration of metal ion in the solution. For this reason, the interaction of 137Cs and 90Sr with soil sample has been examined. The study performed at trace concentration (~10-8 M) of CsCl and SrCl2, and batch method was used. NaCl has been selected as a representative of the ionic strength with 0.1; 0.5 and 1.0 M concentrations. Concentration of 10-8~10-4 M CsCl and SrCl2 were used for study the effect of Cs and Sr concentrations in solution. Apparent distribution coefficient was used to predict the sorption behavior. The sorption equilibrium of 137Cs and 90Sr into soil was attained after 5 days contacted with Kd value around 3300-4200 mL/g, where Kd was defined as the ratio of number of radionuclide activity absorbed in solid phase per-unit mass to the number of radionuclide activity remains is solution per-unit volume. Presence of NaCl as background salt in the solution affected Kd values due to competition among metal ions into soil samples. Increase of Cs or Sr concentration in solution made Kd value decreased drastically. This information is expected could provide an important input for the planning and design of radioactive waste disposal system in Java Island in the future.

Keywords


radioactive waste; host rock; cesium; strontium; sorption

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


References

[1] Anonymous, 2007, Nuclear Fuel Cycle Simulation System (VISTA), IAEA-TECDOC 1535, IAEA-Vienna.

[2] Eisenstatt, L.R., Popp, D.M., Vijuk, R.P., and Russ, P.A., 2011, Process Mass Balance for AP1000 Solid Waste, Westinghouse Electric Company, Cranberry Township, PA 16066

[3] Aryani, D.I., Sasmito, B., and Wijaya, A.P., 2014, Jurnal Geodesi Undip, 3 (1), 130–40.

[4] Setiawan, B., Sumantry, T., Sriwahyuni, H., Pratama, H.A., Ekaningrum, N.E., Syarmufni, A., Pratomo, B.S., Suganda, D., Waluyo, S., Pudyo, A., Susilowati, D., and Marwoto, 2008, Siting of Radwaste Disposal in Jawa Island, Proc. National Seminar on Waste Management Technology, June 24th 2008, BATAN-RISTEK, Serpong-Indonesia, 188–194.

[5] Sucipta, Setiawan, B., Pratomo B.S., and Suganda, D., 2010, Jurnal Teknologi Pengelolaan Limbah, 13 (1), 30–42.

[6] Amin, T.C., Ratman, N., and Gafoer, S., 1999, Geological Map of Jawa Island, Central Section, scale 1: 500,000, Geology R&D Center, Bandung-Indonesia.

[7] Peterson, J., MacDonell, M., Haroun, L., Monette, F., Hildebrand, R.D., and Taboas, A., 2007, Radiological and Chemical Fact Sheets to Support Health Risk Analyses for Contaminated Areas, Argonne National Laboratory Environmental Science Division, Chicago, IL, USA.

[8] Kiziltaş, M.S., Haciyakupoğlu, S., Gökbulak, F., and Hizal, A., 2009, Turk. J. Agric. For., 33, 295–303.

[9] Harahap, B., Bachri, S., Baharuddin, Suwarna, N., Panggabean, H., and Simanjuntak, T.O., 2003, Stratigraphy Lexicon of lndonesia, 1st ed., Geology R&D Center, Bandung, Indonesia.

[10] Setiawan, B., Mayasari, E., and Meidhika, S., 2015, Procedia Chem., 16, 445–450.

[11] Yildiz, N., and Yener, G., 2010, Ekoloji, 19 (77), 80–87.

[12] Sivaiah, M.V., Kumar, S.S., Venkatesan, K.A., Sasidhar, P., Krishna, R.M., and Murthy, G.S., 2004, J. Nucl. Radiochem. Sci., 5 (2), 33–36.

[13] Lujanienė, G., Mažeika, K., Šapolaitė, J., Amulevičius, A., and Motiejūnas, S., 2006, Lith. J. Phys., 46, 375–382.

[14] Kearl, P., 2004, Analysis of Sorption Coefficient (Kd) Values-Supplemental Report for the Tank Farm Facility Preliminary Assessment, Portage Project No.: 2121.00, Portage Inc.-Idaho.

[15] Yang, M.Y., Tian, J.L., and Liu, P.L., 2006, Soil Tillage Res., 87 (2), 186–193.

[16] Galunin, E., Chain, P., Alba, M.D., and Vidal, M., 2007, Sorption-Desorption of Radionuclides and Analogues in Clays Suitable for Barrier, 3rd Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers for Radioactive Waste Confinement, Lille-France, 329–330

[17] Ding, M., Reimus, P.W., Lukens, W., Chipera, S., and Scism, C., 2006, Sorption Characteristics of Radionuclides on Clay in Yucca Mountain Alluvium, Proc. The 11th Int. High Level Radioactive Waste Manag., Conf., IHLRWM, Las Vegas, NV, April 30th–May 4th, 2006, 89–96

[18] Mirkhani, R., Roozitalab, M.H., Teimouri, S., and Khaleghpanah, N., 2010, Soil Sorption of Cesium on Calcareous Soils in Iran, Proc. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane-Australia; 112–115.

[19] Lyklema, J., 2009, Chem. Phys. Lett., 467 (4-6), 217–222.

[20] Hakem, N., Al Mahamid, I., Apps, J., and Moridis, G., 2000, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 246 (2), 275–278.

[21] Yildiz, B., Erten, H.N., and Kiş, M., 2011, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 288 (2), 475–483.

[22] Uğur, F.A., and Sahan, H., 2012, Ekoloji, 21 (82), 34–40.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21142

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 654 | views : 885


Copyright (c) 2016 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.