Preconcentration of Chromium(VI) at Trace Levels Using Acid Alumina Resin with Column Method

Aman Sentosa Panggabean(1*), Subur P Pasaribu(2), Bohari Bohari(3), Nurhasanah Nurhasanah(4)

(1) Department of Chemistry, FMIPA-University of Mulawarman, Jl. Barong Tongkok No. 1 Samarinda 75119
(2) Department of Chemistry, FMIPA-University of Mulawarman, Jl. Barong Tongkok No. 1 Samarinda 75119
(3) Department of Chemistry, FMIPA-University of Mulawarman, Jl. Barong Tongkok No. 1 Samarinda 75119
(4) Department of Chemistry, FMIPA-University of Mulawarman, Jl. Barong Tongkok No. 1 Samarinda 75119
(*) Corresponding Author


Trace analysis of Chromium(VI) ions using acid alumina resin as a filler material column in preconcentration system by off-line method has been carried out. Alumina resin was activated with H2SO4 at pH 1 before being filled to the column. This research showed retention capacity of alumina acid resin was 3.955 mg Cr(VI)/g resin. The analytical performance of this method is good, shown with the limit of detection value was 3.648 µg/L. The reproducibility of this method shown as percentage of coefficient variance was 2.06%. Acid alumina used as resin filler column can increase the signal up to 15.36 times for direct Cr(VI) ions measurement. The accuracy of this method is very good with the recovery percentage value > 95%, shown the matrices of water samples didn’t effect the results of measurements and this method was capable to analyze Cr(VI) ions in water samples at the trace levels.


Chromium(VI); trace analysis; preconcentration; acid alumina; resin

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Memon, S.Q., Bhanger, M.I., and Khuhawar, M.Y. 2005, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 383 (4), 619–624.

[2] Marqués, M.J., Salvador, A., Morales-Rubio, A., and de la Guardia, M., 2000, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 367 (7), 601–608.

[3] Mohammadhosseini, M., Tehrani, M.S., and Ganjali, M.R., 2006, J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 53 (3), 549–557.

[4] Som-Aum, W., Liawruangrath, L., and Hansen, E.H., 2002, Anal. Chim. Acta, 463 (1), 99–109.

[5] Camel, V., 2003. Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 58 (7), 1177–1233.

[6] Tunçeli, A., and Türker, R, 2002, Talanta, 57 (6), 1199–1204.

[7] Suwarsa, S., Buchari, and Panggabean, A.S., 2008, Jurnal Matematika dan Sains, 13 (3), 84–89.

[8] Koester, C.J., and Moulik, A., 2005, Analyst, 126, 933–937.

[9] Hirano, Y., and Nakajima, J., 2005, J. Anal. Sci., 17, 1073–1077.

[10] Panggabean, A.S., Pasaribu, S.P., and Amran, M.B., 2010, Proc. Int. Conf. Math. Nat. Sci., Bandung.

[11] Sperling, M., Xu, S., and Welz, B., 1992, Anal. Chem., 64 (24), 3101–3108.

[12] Doğutan, M., Filik, H., and Tor, I., 2003, Talanta, 59 (5), 1053–1060.

[13] Juliasih, N.L.G.R., 2006, Prakonsentrasi dan Analisis Renik Selektif Spesi Cr(VI) Berdasarkan Teknik Analisis Injeksi Alir, Thesis, ITB, Bandung.

[14] Mahmoud, M.E., Yakout, A.A., Ahmed, S.B., and Osman, M.M., 2008, J. Hazard. Mater., 158 (2-3), 541–548.

[15] Afkhami, A., Saber-Tehrani, M., Bagheri, H., and Madrakian, T., 2011, Microchim. Acta, 172 (1-2), 125–136.

[16] Chen, S., Zhu, L., Lu, D., Cheng, X., and Zhou, X., 2010, Microchim. Acta, 169 (1-2), 123–128.

[17] Gu, Y., and Zhu, X., 2011, Microchim. Acta, 173 (3-4), 433–438.

[18] Weckhuysen, B.M., Wachs, I.E., and Schoonheydt, R.A., 1996, Chem. Rev., 96, 3327–3349.

[19] Moll, A.E., Heimburger, R., Lagarde, F., Leroy, M.J.F., and Maier, E., 1996, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 354 (5-6), 550–556.

[20] Anonymous, 2003, Kursus Ketelusuran Pengukuran dan Validasi Metode, Research Center for Chemistry, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bandung, Indonesia.

[21] Panggabean, A.S., Amran, M.B., Buchari, and Pasaribu, S.P., 2010, Indo. J. Chem., 10 (1), 51–57.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1683 | views : 1749

Copyright (c) 2014 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.