Rino R. Mukti(1*), Shofarul Wustoni(2), Agus Wahyudi(3), Ismunandar Ismunandar(4)

(1) Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha no. 10 Bandung 40132
(2) Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha no. 10 Bandung 40132
(3) R&D Center for Mineral and Coal Technology (TEKMIRA), Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Republic of Indonesia, Jl. Jendral Sudirman no. 623 Bandung 40211
(4) Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha no. 10 Bandung 40132
(*) Corresponding Author


An X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that Indonesian naturally-occurring mineral from Nanggung, Bogor shows to be a low quality product as it does not seem to contain any zeolite materials. As located in the volcanic area, Indonesia essentially has abundant source of natural zeolites and the country has put much efforts on these treasured materials for export commodity. In order to bring the local natural mineral into high value and to discover whether the mineral has at least zeolitic fragments, we have implemented seed-assisted synthesis to see the possibility of growing zeolite and turn this mineral into high quality. In principle, once the mineral has zeolitic fragment or nuclei, recrystallization of the mineral may occur. By utilizing this mineral as seed in aluminosilicate mother solution, selective mordenite-type (MOR) zeolite can be obtained after hydrothermal treatment. Characterization by XRD showed that this MOR zeolite has high crystallinity and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) depicted the crystal morphology. The natural mineral is conclusively essential for the formation of MOR zeolite by seeding the aluminosilicate mother solution. In the absence of aluminosilicate mother solution, natural mineral can be recrystallized into selective analcime-type (ANA) zeolite. MOR zeolite is known to be useful for several applications such as catalysis whereas ANA zeolite has been considered to be less potential due to relatively small microporosity.


zeolite; mordenite; analcime; seed; mineral; crystal; hydrothermal; Indonesia

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Corma, A., 1997, Chem. Rev., 97, 6, 2373–2419.

[2] Davis, M.E., and Lobo, R.F., 1992, Chem. Mater., 4, 4, 756–768.

[3] Corma, A., 2003, J. Catal., 216, 1-2, 298–312.

[4] Cundy, C., and Cox, P.A., 2003, Chem. Rev., 103, 3, 663–701.

[5] Kamimura, Y., Chaikittisilp, W., Itabashi, K., Shimojima, A., and Okubo, T., 2010, Chem. Asian J., 5, 10, 2182–2191.

[6] Xie, B., Song, J., Ren, L., Ji, Y., Li, J., and Xiao, F-S., 2008, Chem. Mater., 20, 14, 4533–4535.

[7] Kamimura, Y., Itabashi, K., and Okubo, T., 2012, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 147, 149–156.

[8] Zhang, H., Guo, Q., Ren, L., Yang, C.G., Zhu, L.F., Meng, X., Li, C., Xiao, F.S., 2011, J. Mater. Chem., 21, 26, 9494–9497.

[9] Song, J., Dai, L., Ji, Y., and Xiao, F-S., 2006, Chem. Mater., 18, 2, 2775–2777.

[10] Wu, Z., Song, J., Ji, Y., Ren, L., and Xiao, F-S., 2008, Chem. Mater., 20, 2, 357–359.

[11] Shiralkar, V.P., and Clearfield, A., 1989, Zeolites, 9, 5, 363–370.

[12] Husaini, Suardi, N.A., Permana, D., and Rustendi, T., 2005, Penambangan dan Pengolahan Zeolit di Indonesia, Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara, Bandung, 9–10.

[13] Lu, B., Oumi, Y., Itabashi, K., and Sano, T., 2005, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 81, 1-3, 365–374.

[14] Shao, C., Kim, H-Y., Li, X., Park, S-J., and Lee, D-R., 2002, Mater. Lett., 56, 1-2, 24–29.

[15] Paixão, V., Ana, P.,Carvalho, A.P., Rocha, J., Fernandes, A., Martins, A., 2010, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 131, 350–357.

[16] (a) UU RI Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara (b) Peraturan Menteri ESDM RI Nomor 7 tahun 2009 tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral melalui Kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral (c) Instruksi Presiden RI Nomor 3 tahun 2013 tentang Percepatan Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral melalui Pengolahan dan Pemurnian di Dalam Negeri.

[17] Wustoni, S., Mukti, R.R., Wahyudi, A., and Ismunandar, 2011, Jurnal Matematika & Sains, 16, 3, 158–160.

[18] Gilbert, J.E., and Mosset, A., 1998, Mater. Res. Bull., 33, 7, 997–1003.

[19] Bajpai, P.K., 1986, Zeolites, 6, 1, 2–8.

[20] Fernandes, L.D., Monteiro, J.L.F., Sousa-Aguiar, E.F., Martinez, A., and Corma, A., 1998, J. Catal., 177, 2, 363–377.

[21] Itabashi, K., Kamimura, Y., Iyoki, K., Shimojima, A., and Okubo, T., 2012, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134, 28, 11542–11549.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2251 | views : 2022

Copyright (c) 2013 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.