SYNTHESIS AND ANTIPLASMODIAL ACTIVITY TESTING OF (1)-N-ALKYL- AND (1)-N-BENZYL-6-NITRO-1,10-PHENANTHROLINIUM SALTS AS NEW POTENTIAL ANTIMALARIAL AGENTS

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21356

Ruslin Hadanu(1*), Sabirin Mastjeh(2), Jumina Jumina(3), Mustofa Mustofa(4), Eti Nurwening Sholikhah(5), Mahardika Agus Wijayanti(6)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Teachership and Educational Science, Pattimura University, Poka, Ambon
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(5) Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(6) Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The synthesis of 5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline hydrate 2 derivatives from 1,10-phenanthroline monohydrate as starting material has been carried out. The 5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline hydrate 2 was obtained through nitration reaction using H2SO4 and HNO3 as catalyst and reagent, respectively. Synthesis of (1)-N-alkyl-6-nitro- and (1)-N-benzyl-6-nitro-1,10-phenanthrolinium have been prepared using dimethyl sulphate (DMS), diethyl sulphate (DES), benzyl chloride, benzyl bromine, and benzyl iodide. The reagents of benzyl bromine, and benzyl iodide were synthesized from benzyl chloride using NaBr in ethanol absolute and NaI in acetone, respectively. The five compounds of 5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline hydrate 2 derivatives were conducted to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity. The in vitro antiplasmodial was evaluated on strains of Plasmodium falciparum FCR-3 resistant chloroquine and D10 sensitive chloroquine. The 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) of the five compounds ranged from 2.41±1.41 to 0.07±0.01 μM. The results showed that the (1)-N-benzyl-6-nitro-1,10-phenanthrolinium iodide had highest antiplasmodial activity.

Keywords


5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline hydrate; P. falciparum; antimalarial; antiplasmodial

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21356

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Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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