BIFLAVONOID COMPOUND FROM THE STEM BARK OF GAMBOGE (Garcinia xanthochymus)

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21405

Muharni Muharni(1*), Elfita Elfita(2), Amanda Amanda(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya, South Sumatera
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya, South Sumatera
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya, South Sumatera
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Garcinia xanthochymus (Guttiferae) commonly known as gamboge, is a perennial medicinal plant native to the north of Thailand and Myanmar. Gamboge is used in watercolors, as a yellow fabric dye and traditional medicine for treating diarrhea and dysentery, dispelling worms clearing away fire and removing food toxin. Phytochemical investigations on the methanol extract of the stem bark of Garcinia xanthochymus resulted in isolation of one biflavonoid compound (+)-morelloflavon. The structure of this compound was deduced on basis of spectroscopic data including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HMQC and HMBC and comparison with the reported data. This compound has been reported from others species of Garcinia.

Keywords


Garcinia xanthochymus; biflavonoid; (+)-morelloflavon

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21405

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Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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