Herry Poernomo(1*)

(1) Centre for the Accelerator and Material Process Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Babarsari P.O. Box 6101 Ykbb Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


Characterization of fly ash nano particles as backfilled material candidate in the radioactive waste repository has been done. The objective of this research is to determine the permeability (K) and migration rate (Vr) of uranium in the backfilled material of fly ash, zeolite, and zeolite + fly ash mixtures. The experiment was carried out by the fixed bed method in a column contains fly ash, or zeolite, or zeolite+fly ash mixtures. It was filled with the saturated water and was flown by uranyl nitrate solution of 500 ppm as the simulated uranium. The uranium effluents was sampled in every 15 minutes and it was analyzed using spectrometer. The concentration of which represented as Ct and by using concentration profile of Co/Ct, then Vr of uranium in the backfilled material can be determined. The experiment result showed that ≤ 38 mm of fly ash particles sizes could improve the characteristic feature of 196 mm of zeolite sizes as backfilled material with the decreasing permeability values from Kzeolite = 4.06x10-3 cm/s to Kzeolite+fly ash = 5.00x10-5 cm/s and the decreasing of the migration rate from Vr zeolite = 1.65x10-4 cm/s to Vr zeolite+fly ash  = 2.91x10-6 cm/second.


fly ash; zeolite; backfill materials; uranium migration; radioactive waste repository

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1], 9 Mei 2007.

[2], 21 Desember 2006.

[3], 26 Desember 2006.

[4], 21 Desember 2006.

[5]   Rusdiarso, B., 1996, Analisis dan Kajian tentang Pemanfaatan Abu Layang sebagai Adsorben Zat Warna, Laporan Penelitian, FMIPA – UGM, Yogyakarta.

[6]   ADAA, Fly Ash Reference Material, Ash Development Association of Australia,, 4 Mei 2007.

[7]   Kaiser, S., 1999, Radiological Protection Principles Concerning the Natural Radioactivity of Building Materials, Radiation Protection 112, European Commission,, 21 November 2007.

[8]   Widodo, S., 2007, Trace Element dalam Fly Ash Industri Batubara, Workshop Aplikasi Energi Nuklir untuk Proses Batubara Cair, PTKMR – BATAN.

[9]   IAEA, 1996, IAEA-Tecdoc 855, ISSN 1011-4289, IAEA-Vienna, p.11.

[10] NEA, 2004,, 30 November 2007.

[11] Nuclear Waste Storage,, 31 Maret 2007.

[12] Cogburn, C.O., Hodgson, L.M., and Ragland, R.C., 1986, Disposal of Low Level Radioactive Waste Using High Calcium Fly Ash, Technical Report, Arkansas University, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Fayeffeville – USA.

[13] Lopez, R.S. and Johnson, L.H., 1986, Vault Sealing Research and Development for the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited – 9053.

[14] Ernawanto, Y., 1998, Studi tentang Karakteristik Abu Layang terhadap Sorpsi Sr-90, Skripsi, Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Lingkungan, Yogyakarta.

[15] Martini, T., 1999, Zeolit, Dinas Pertambangan, Pemda Daerah Istimewa, Yogyakarta.

[16] Ven Te Chow, 1964, Handbook of Applied Hidrology, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York, pp. 13-1, 13-15.

[17] Budiyono, M.E. and Poernomo, H., 2001, Kajian Pengaruh Penambahan Pasir pada Zeolit untuk Menjerap Nuklida Uranium dalam Limbah Radioaktif Fase Air, dalam Prosiding Pertemuan dan Presentasi Ilmiah Penelitian Dasar Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Nuklir, P3TM – BATAN, Yogyakarta, hal. 209 - 215.

[18] Champ, D.R., Moltyaner, G.L., Young, J.L., and Lapcevic, P., 1985, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited - 8905.

[19] Poernomo, H. and Kundari, N.A., 2006, Indo. J. Chem., 6, 3.

[20] Wiederhold, E.W., 1972, Use of Local Minerals in the Treatment of Radioactive Waste, Technical Report Series No. 136, IAEA, Vienna.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 299 | views : 328

Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.