Hanik Humaida(1*)

(1) Volcanological Technology Research and Development Center, Jl. Cendana 15 – Yogyakarta 55166
(*) Corresponding Author


The SO2 is one of the volcanic gases that can use as indicator of volcano activity. Commonly, SO2 emission is measured by COSPEC (Correlation Spectroscopy). This equipment has several disadvantages; such as heavy, big in size, difficulty in finding spare part, and expensive. DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) is a new method for SO2 emission measurement that has advantages compares to the COSPEC. Recently, this method has been developed. The SO2 gas emission measurement of Gunung Merapi by DOAS has been carried out at Kaliadem, and also by COSPEC method as comparation. The differences of the measurement result of both methods are not significant. However, the differences of minimum and maximum result of DOAS method are smaller than that of the COSPEC. It has range between 51 ton/day and 87 ton/day for DOAS and 87 ton/day and 201 ton/day for COSPEC. The measurement of SO2 gas emission evaluated with the seismicity data especially the rockfall showed the presence of the positive correlation. It may cause the gas pressure in the subsurface influencing instability of 2006 eruption lava.


SO2 gas; Merapi; DOAS; COSPEC

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


[1] Sumarti, S., Rinekso, K., Suharno, Sukarnen, and Subandriyo, 2005, Buletin Berkala Merapi: 2/03/12/BPPTK/2005, 1-8.

[2] Williams-Jones, G. and Rymer, H., 2000, Hazards of Volcanic Gases in Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, Academic Press, Florida.

[3] Stix, J. and Gaonac’H, H., 2000, Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring in Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, Academic Press, Florida.

[4] McGonigle, A.J.S., Openheimer, C., Galle, B., Mather, T.A., and Pyle, D.M., 2002, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (20), 1985, doi:10.1029/2002GLO15827, 2002.

[5] Hirabayashi J.I, 2004, New equipment for SO2 flux- Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer (DOAS), Program and Abstracts Symposium on Volcano Eruption Mechanism and Tectonics under Collaboration Study between Indonesia-Japan, Bandung.

[6] Galle, B., Oppenheimer, C., Geyer, A., McGinigle, A.J.S., Edmond, M., and Horrocks, L., 2002, J. Volcanology & Geothermal Res. 119, 241-254.

[7] Volcanic Activity Report, 2004, Direktorat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Bandung.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1857 | views : 3721

Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.