THE DISTRIBUTION OF COMMERCIAL CROWN ETHER DC18C6 AND THE EXTRACTION STUDY OF ALKALI AND EARTH ALKALI METALS

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21692

Bambang Rusdiarso(1*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Distribution of A and B isomers of crown-ether DC18C6 on their organic and water phases (chloride, nitrate and sulphocyanide salts) and extraction of alkali and earth alkali metals has been studied. In LiCl 0.1 M environment, lithium extraction could be ignored. The presence of extracted potassium metal may affect the crown ether DC18C6 distribution albeit only a little. In KNO3 0.1 M environment, the distribution coefficient values (d) were 6.1 and 10.3 for A and B isomers, respectively ; while in KCl  0.1 M environment the values were 4.9 and 11.8, respectively. In KSCN 0.1 M, d values for A and B isomers were 40.4 and 36.6, respectively, which were higher than the value obtained from both KNO3 and KCl  0.1 M environments. Caesium metal extraction using DC18C6 occurred weakly, up to only 5%. Strontium extraction using DC18C6 achieved better yield than the caesium extraction. The percentage of extraction increased under organic solvent according to the following: toluene (4%) < chloroform (28%) < TBP (35%).


Keywords


distribution; crown-ether DC18C6; extraction

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1]   Takeda, Y, 1984, Top. Curr. Chem., 121, 1.

[2]   Kolthoff, I.M, 1981, Can. J. Chem., 59, 1548-1551.

[3]   Kopolow, S, Hogeneshch., T.E, and Smid., J, 1973, Macromol, 6, 133.

[4]   Kimura, T, Iwashima, K, Ishimori, T, and Hamagushi, H, 1977, Chem. Lett, 563 – 564.

[5]   Sekine, T, Shioda, K, and Hasegawa, Y, 1979, Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 41, 571.

[6]   Takeda, Y, and Kato., H, 1979, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 52, 1027.

[7]   Yang, Y.W, Li, C.J, Zheng, M.Y, and Liu, Y, 2004, Chinese. J. Chem, 22, 616-618.

[8]   Riddle, C.L, Baker, J.D, Law, J.D, McGrath, C.A, Meikrantz, D.H, and Mincher, B.J, 2002, Development of Novel Solvent for the Simultaneous Separation of Stronsium and Cesium from Dissolved Spent Nuclear Fuel Solution, Idaho Engineering and Environment Laboratory, PO Box 1625, Idaho.

[9]   Eyring, E.M, Cobranchi, D.P, Garland, B.A, Highley, A.M, and Huang, Y.H, 1993, Pure & Appl. Chem, 65(3), 451-464.

[10] Yamauchi, A, Hayashita, T, Kato, A, and Teramae, N, 2002, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 75, 1527-1532.

[11] Amor, A.B.H, Top, S, Meganem, F, and Jaouen, G, 2005, J. Organometallic. Chem, 847-856.

[12] Bakalova, S.M, Vladimirova, M.P, Stanoeva, E, Milova, M, and Kaneti, J, 2003, Bulgarian. Chem. Comm, 35(4), 245-251.

[13] Pedersen, C. J, 1970,  J. Am. Chem. Soc, 92, 386.

[14] Pedersen, C. J, and Frensdorff, N K, 1972, Angew. Chem. Intern. Edu., 11, 16.

[15] Pedersen, C. J, 1972, Organ. Synth., 52, 66.

[16] Frensdorff, N. K, 1971, J. Am. Chem. Soc, 93, 600.

[17] Dalley, N. K, 1972, Chem. Commun, 90.

[18] Fenton, D. E, 1972, Biochem – Biophys. Res. Commun, 48, 10.

[19] Mercer, M, and Truter, M. R, 1973, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton, 2215.

[20] Stoddart, J. F, and Wheatley, C. M, 1974, J. Chem. Soc. , Chem. Commun, 390.

[21] Hayward, R.C, 1976,  J.Chem. Soc. Perkin I, 2413.

[22] Izatt, R. M, Terry., R. E, Haymore., B. L, Hanson., D. L, Dally., N. K, Avondet, A. G, and Christensen, J J, 1976, J Am. Chem. Soc, 98, 7620

[23] Delloye, T, Burgard, M, and Leroy, MJF, 1989, New, J. Chem. , 13, 139.

[24] Lakkis, M, Brunette, JP, Leroy., MJF, and Alstad, J, 1986, Solvent. Extr. Ion. Exch, 4, 287.

[25] Filippov, E A, 1982, Radiokhimiya, 2, 214.

[26] Gramain, P, and Frere, Y, 1979, Macromol. J. Chem., 3, 53.

[27] Stary, J, and Freisier, H, 1979, Equilibrium Constants of Liquid-liquid Distribution Reactions, IUPAC, serie no;18, Pergamon Press, 212-214.

[28] Kappenstein, C, 1974, Bull. Soc. Chem. 1 – 2, 98.

[29] Guesnet, P, and Bauer., D, 1981, Analusis, 4, 129



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21692

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 496 | views : 2012


Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.