The Intercalation of Copper into Active Carbon and Its Application as a Catalyst for n-Amylalcohol Dehydration

Rusman Rusman(1*), Iip Izul Falah(2), RHA. Sahirul Alim(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Syah Kuala University
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21 Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara PO BOX BLS 21 Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


The intercalation of CuCl2 salts into active carbon and its activity as catalyst on dehydration of n-amylalcohol has been investigated. In this research, the intercalation was conducted by reacting CuCl2 powder with active carbon and Cl2 gas at 3 atm, temperature 575 °C, at various heating time. This process was then followed by the reduction in the flowing hydrogen gas. Characterization of intercalation product was conducted by gas sorption method to determine surface area, pore radius, and pore volume distribution, and atomic adsorption spectroscopy (AAS) was used to determine the content of Cu metal. The test of catalytic activity on dehydration reaction of n-amylalcohol, was carried out in a flow reactor system at various temperatures. The results showed that the surface area and total pore volume increase with the longer time of intercalation process, and followed by increasing Cu content on active carbon. It was showed further that catalyst with highest Cu content, and the largest of both of surface area and total pore volume gives the best performance.


intercalation; characterization; active carbon; activity

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Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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