Impregnation Nickel on Mesoporous ZSM-5 Templated Carbons as a Candidate Material for Hydrogen Storage

Ratna Ediati(1*), Amirul Mukminin(2), Nurul Widiastuti(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS), Jl. Arief Rahman Hakim, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111
(2) Department of Chemistry, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS), Jl. Arief Rahman Hakim, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111
(3) Department of Chemistry, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS), Jl. Arief Rahman Hakim, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111
(*) Corresponding Author


A series of carbon with ZSM-5 mesoporous (ZMC) and Ni/ZMC ZSM-5 templates were synthesized and gravimetrically known its adsorption capacity to H2 gases. ZMC carbon was synthesized using a hard template method at a carbonation temperature of 900 oC with sucrose as a source of carbon. A mesoporous ZSM-5 template was synthesized by using a hydrothermal method at an aging and crystallization temperature of respectively 60oC and 150oC for as long as 24 hours. The characterized result of ZMC carbon using XRD powder has shown a diffracted pattern of amorphous carbon. Impregnating Ni with ZMC carbon each resulted in 5%, 15% and 25% of weight, which in turn also resulted in a diffractogram pattern of Ni/ZMC-5, Ni/ZMC-15, and Ni/ZMC-25, where each patterns were uniform and had no additional peaks. The results of SEM-EDAX showed that Ni had been successfully impregnated on the surface of ZMC carbon with a random morphology surface of ZMC carbon. The isothermal results of adsorption – desorption of N2 showed that the larger the Ni loading on the supporting ZMC carbon, the smaller the surface area of the ZMC specific carbon. The distribution of the pore size that was counted by using the BJH method, which was applied to all the samples, was as big as 3,8 nm. The adsorption capacity of H2 was measured by using the gravimetry method at ambient temperature for Ni/ZMC-5, Ni/ZMC-15, and Ni/ZMC-25, which each gave a weight percentage of 0,331%; 0,663% and 0,649% respectively, whilst the ZMC carbon has a weight of 2,18%.


Mesoporous ZSM-5; carbon mesoporous; Ni/ZMC; hydrogen deviation

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


[1] Górca, J., Zawislak, A., Choma, J., and Jaroniec, M., 2010, Adsorption and structural properties of soft-templated mesoporous carbons obtained by carbonization at different temperatures and KOH activation, Appl. Surf. Sci., 256 (17), 5187–5190.

[2] Gopalakrishnan, S., Zampieri, O., and Schwieger G., 2008, Mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolites via alkali treatment for the direct hydroxylation of benzene to phenol with N2O, J. Catal., 260 (1), 193–197.

[3] Seo, Y., Kim, K., Jung, Y. and Ryoo, R., 2015, Synthesis of mesoporous carbons using silica templates impregnated with mineral acids, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 207, 156–162.

[4] Jin, L., Xiaojiang, Z., Haoquan, H., and Bin,M., 2008, Synthesis of 2,6-Dimethylnaphthalene by Methylation of 2-methylnaphthalene on Mesoporous ZSM-5 by Desilication, Catal. Commun., 10 (3), 336–340.

[5] Zheng, J., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., Ma, J., and Li, R., 2009, Structural effects of hierarchical pores in zeolite composite, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 122 (1-3), 264–269.

[6] Mitchell, P.C.H., Ramirez-Cuesta, A.J., Parker, S.F., Tomkinson, J., and Thompsett, D., 2003, Hydrogen Spillover on Carbon-Supported Metal Catalysts Studied by Inelastic Neutron Scattering. Surface Vibrational States and Hydrogen Riding Modes, J. Phys. Chem. B, 107 (28), 6838–6845.

[7] Schmidt, F., Lohe, M.R., Büchner, B., Giordanino, F., Bonino, F., and Kaskel, S., 2013, Improved catalytic performance of hierarchical ZSM-5 synthesized by desilication with surfactants, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 165, 148–157.

[8] Saha, D., and Deng, S., 2009, Hydrogen Adsorption on Ordered Mesoporous Carbons Doped with Pd, Pt, Ni, and Ru, Langmuir, 25 (21), 12550–12560.

[9] Moradi, S.E., Amirmahmoodi, S., and Baniamerian, M.J., 2005, Hydrogen adsorption in metal-doped highly ordered mesoporous carbon molecular sieve, J. Alloys Compd., 498 (2), 168–171.

[10] Jiang, Y., Wang, Y., Zhao, W., Huang, J., Zhao, Y., Yang, G., Lei, Y., and Chu, R., Effect of (Si+Al)/CTAB ratio on crystal size of mesoporous ZSM-5 structure over methanol-to-olefin reactions, 2016, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 61, 234–240.

[11] Gonçalves, M.L., Dimitrov, L.D., Jordão, M.H., Wallau, M., and Urquieta-González, E.A., 2008, Synthesis of mesoporous ZSM-5 by crystallisation of aged gels in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium cations, Catal. Today, 133-135, 69–79.

[12] Inagaki, M., Toyoda, M., Soneda, Y., Tsujimura, S. and Morishita, T., 2016, Templated mesoporous carbons: Synthesis and applications, Carbon, 107, 448–473.

[13] Ting, C.C., Wu, H.Y., Vetrivel, S., Saikia, D., Pan, Y.C., Fey, G.T.K., and Kao, H.M., 2010, A one-pot route to synthesize highly ordered mesoporous carbons and silicas through organic–inorganic self-assembly of triblock copolymer, sucrose and silica, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 128 (1-3), 1–11.

[14] Li, Z.Q., Lu, C.J., Xia, Z.P., Zhou, Y., and Luo, Z., 2007, X-ray diffraction patterns of graphite and turbostratic carbon, Carbon, 45 (8), 1686–1695.

[15] Su, F., Zhao, X.S., Lv, L., and Zhou, Z., 2005, Synthesis and characterization of microporous carbons templated by ammonium-form zeolite Y, Carbon, 42 (14), 2821–2831.

[16] Ströbel, R., Garche, J., Moseley, P.T., Jörissen, L., and Wolf, G., 2006, Hydrogen storage by carbon materials, J. Power Sources, 159 (2), 781–801.

[17] Kim, B.J., and Park, S.J., 2011, Optimization of the pore structure of nickel/graphite hybrid materials for hydrogen storage, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36 (1), 648–653.

[18] Geng, Z., Wang, D., Zhang, C., Zhou, X., Xin, H., Liu, X., and Cai, M., 2014, Spillover enhanced hydrogen uptake of Pt/Pd doped corncob-derived activated carbon with ultra-high surface area at high pressure, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39 (25), 13643–13649.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1208 | views : 1381

Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.