Adsorption and Photodegradation of Cationic and Anionic Dyes by TiO2-Chitosan Nanocomposite

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38278

Imelda Fajriati(1*), Mudasir Mudasir(2), Endang Tri Wahyuni(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga, Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The adsorption and photodegradation of cationic and anionic dyes by TiO2-chitosan nanocomposites have been studied. This study investigated the specific surface area, pores volume, pores size of TiO2-Chitosan nanocomposite, and determination kinetics of the reaction on the adsorption and photodegradation process. The methods were carried out by mixing TiO2-nanocomposite into cationic and anionic dyes in various contact times and initial dye concentrations. The results showed that nanocomposite adsorption capacity increased with an increase in the amount of chitosan (TiO2/Chit 0.13) even though the specific surface area (SBET) was reduced. The results indicated that the adsorption on nanocomposite was influenced by the amount of -NH2 and -OH on the chitosan surface. The maximum adsorption capacity (qm) and the observed reaction constant (kObs) for MO were also known to be higher than MB, which means that the TiO2-chitosan nanocomposites could remove anionic dye more than cationic one.

Keywords


adsorption; photodegradation; cationic dye; anionic dye

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Dawood, S., and Sen, K.T., 2014, Review on dye removal from its aqueous solution into alternative cost effective and non-conventional adsorbents, J. Chem. Proc. Eng., 1, 1–7.

[2] Reddy, D.H.K., and Lee, S.M., 2012, Water pollution and treatment technologies, J. Environ. Anal. Toxicol., 2 (5), 1000e103.

[3] Fajriati, I., Mudasir, and Wahyuni, E.T., 2013, Room-temperature synthesis of TiO2–Chitosan nanocomposites photocatalyst, Proceeding of The 3rd Annual Basic Science International Conference, Faculty Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Brawijaya, C10-1–C10-5.

[4] Fajriati, I., Mudasir, and Wahyuni, E.T., 2014, Photocatalytic decolorization study of methyl orange by TiO2–chitosan nanocomposites, Indones. J. Chem., 14 (3), 209–218.

[5] Mills. A., and Wang, J., 1999, ‎Photobleaching of methylene blue sensitized by TiO2: An ambiguous system?, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A, 127 (1-3), 123–134.

[6] Bazrafshan, E., Zarei, A.A., Nadi, H., and Zazouli, M.A., 2014, Adsorptive removal of Methyl Orange and Reactive Red 198 dyes by Moringa peregrina ash, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 21, 105–113.

[7] Nawi, M.A., Jawad, A.H., Sabar, S., and Ngah, W.S.W., 2011, Photocatalytic-oxidation of solid state chitosan by immobilized bilayer assembly of TiO2–chitosan under a compact household fluorescent lamp irradiation, Carbohydr. Polym., 83 (3), 1146–1152.

[8] Kablan, T., Clément, Y.Y., Françoise, K.A., and Mathias, O.K., 2008, Determination and modeling of sorption isotherms of chitosan and chitin, Acta Chim. Slov., 55, 677–682.

[9] Allen, T., 1997, Particle Size Measurement. Volume 2: Surface Area and Pore Size Determination, 5th ed., Springer, Netherlands.

[10] Sayilkan, F., and Emre, F.B., 2016, Characterization and photocatalytic properties of TiO2/chitosan nanocomposites synthesized by a hydrothermal process, Turk. J. Chem., 40, 28–37.

[11] Rouquerol, F., Rouquerol, J., and Sing, K., 1999, “Assessment of Mesoporosity” in Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids, Elsevier, 191–217.

[12] Annadurai, G., Ling, L.Y., and Lee, J.F., 2008, Adsorption of reactive dye from an aqueous solution by chitosan: Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic analysis, J. Hazard. Mater., 152 (1), 337–346.

[13] Ling, S.L.Y., Yee, C.Y., and Eng, H.S., 2011, Removal of a cationic dye using deacetylated chitin (chitosan), J. Appl. Sci., 11 (8), 1445–1448.

[14] Hoffmann, M.R., Martin, S.T., Choi, W., and Bahnemann, D.W., 1995, Environmental application of semiconductor photocatalysis, Chem. Rev., 95 (1), 69–96.

[15] Nawi, M.A., and Sheilatina, S., 2012, Photocatalytic decolorization of Reactive Red 4 dye by an immobilized TiO2/chitosan layer by layer system, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 372 (1), 80–87.

[16] Zubieta, C.E., Messina P.V., Luengo C., Dennehy, M., Pieroni, O., and Schulz, P.C., 2008, Reactive dyes remotion by porous TiO2-chitosan material, J. Hazard. Mater., 152 (2), 765–777.

[17] Mohammadi, A., and Karimi, A.A., 2017, Methylene blue removal using surface-modified TiO2 nanoparticles: a comparative study on adsorption and photocatalytic degradation, J. Water Environ. Nanotechnol., 2 (2), 118–128.

[18] Trandafilović, L.V., Jovanović, D.J., Zhang, X.,Ptasińska, S., and Dramićanin, M.D., 2017, Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and methyl orange by ZnO:Eu nanoparticles, Appl. Catal., B, 203, 740–752.

[19] Fajriati, I., Mudasir, and Wahyuni, E.T., 2017, The effect of pH and aging time on the synthesis of TiO2–chitosan nanocomposites as photocatalyst using sol-gel method at room temperature, Molekul, 12 (2), 117–125.

[20] Lazar, M.A., Varghese, S., and Nair, S.S., 2012, Photocatalytic water treatment by titanium dioxide: Recent updates, Catalysts, 2 (4), 572-601.

[21] Hamad, H.A., Sadik, W.A., Ab El-Latif, M.M., Kashyout, A.B., and Fateha, M.Y., 2016, Photocatalytic parameters and kinetic study for degradation of dichlorophenol-indophenol (DCPIP) dye using highly active mesoporous TiO2 nanoparticles, J. Environ. Sci., 43, 26–39.

[22] Salehi, M., Hashemipour, H., and Mirzaee, M., 2012, Experimental study of influencing factors and kinetics in catalytic removal of methylene blue with TiO2 nanopowder, Am. J. Environ. Eng., 2 (1), 1–7.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38278

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1130 | views : 933


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.