Incorporation CdS with ZnS as Composite and Using in Photo-Decolorization of Congo Red Dye

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38335

Faten Hadi Fakhri(1), Luma Majeed Ahmed(2*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Kerbala 56001, Iraq
(2) Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Kerbala 56001, Iraq
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The aim of this manuscript was to modify the ZnS surface by incorporating with CdS photocatalyst. This manner led to depressing the recombination process and increasing the activity. The X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) data were proved that the CdS incorporated with ZnS and formed ZnS-CdS nanocomposite by observing new peaks at 26.92, 28.62, 30.52, and 47.26°. Based on the Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analysis and Tauc equation, the particle sizes for all samples were raised with decreased the band gap values. The activation energy for decolorization of Congo red with the using ZnS is found to be more than that value for the using prepared ZnS-CdS composite. The percentage of efficiency was found to be increased with modified the ZnS surface.


Keywords


Congo red dye; ZnS; ZnS-CdS composite; photo-decolorization

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Jafarov, M.A., Nasirov, E.F., Jahangirova, S.A., and Jafarli, R., 2015, Nano-ZnS thin films for solar cell, Nanosystems: Phys. Chem. Math., 6 (5), 644–649.

[2] You, R.W., and Fu, Y.P., 2016, Zinc sulfide buffer layer for CIGS solar cells prepared by chemical bath deposition, Adv. Technol. Innovation, 2 (3), 95–98.

[3] Muslim, Z.R., and Kadhim, R.F., 2017, Photocatalytic removal of methylene blue dye by using of ZnS and CdS, Irq. J. Phys., 15 (33), 11–16.

[4] Kaur, S., 2017, A brief review on photocatalytic activity of ZnS and Cqds nanoparticles, Int. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. Technol., 2 (4), 75–82.

[5] Purnawan, C., Wahyuningsih, S., and Kusuma, P.P., 2016, Photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methyl orange using graphite/PbTiO3 nanocomposite, Indones. J. Chem., 16 (3), 347–352.

[6] Ahmed, L.M., Saeed, S.I., and Marhoon, A.A., 2018, Effect of oxidation agents on photo-decolorization of vitamin B12 in the presence of ZnO/UV-A system, Indones. J. Chem., 18 (2), 272–278.

[7] Usman, M.R., Noviyanti, A.R., and Eddy, D.R., 2017, Photocatalytic degradation of diazinon using titanium oxide synthesized by alkaline solvent, Indones. J. Chem., 17 (1), 22–29.

[8] Yuliati, L., Roslan, N.A., Siah, W.R., and Lintang, H.O., 2017, Cobalt oxide-modified titanium dioxide nanoparticle photocatalyst for degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, Indones. J. Chem., 17 (2), 284–290.

[9] Singh, P., Abdullah, M.M, and Ikram, S., 2016, Role of nanomaterials and their applications as photo-catalyst and sensors: A review, Nano Res. Appl., 2 (1), 1–10.

[10] Erdiven, U., Karaaslan, M., Unal, E., and Karadaĝ, F., 2012, Planar photonic crystals biosensor applications of TiO2, Acta Phys. Pol. A, 122 (4), 732–736.

[11] Fatimah, I., Rubiyanto, D., and Kartika, N.C., 2015, Effect of calcination temperature on the synthesis of ZrO2-pillared saponite to catalytic activity in menthol esterification, Indones. J. Chem., 16 (1), 8–13.

[12] Kalbacova, M., Macak, J.M., Schmidt-Stein, F., Mierke, C.T., and Schmuki, P., 2008, TiO2 nanotubes: Photocatalyst for cancer cell killing, Phys. Status Solidi RRL, 2 (4), 194–196.

[13] Vinardell, M.P., and Mitjans, M., 2015, Antitumor activities of metal oxide nanoparticles, Nanomaterials, 5 (2), 1004–1021.

[14] Picatonotto, T., Vione, D., Carlotti, M.E., and Gallarate, M., 2001, Photocatalytic activity of inorganic sunscreens, J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 22 (4), 381–386.

[15] Hoang, B.T., and Popa, I., 2014, Innovation in inorganic UV filters in sunscreen, H&PC Today, 9 (3), 35–39.

[16] Goudarzi, A., Aval, G.M, Sahraei, R., and Ahmadpoor, H., 2008, Ammonia-free chemical bath deposition of nano crystalline ZnS thin film buffer layer for solar cells, Thin Solid Films, 516 (15), 4953–4957.

[17] Lam, K.T., Hsiao, Y.J., Ji, L.W., Fang, T.H., Shih, W.S., and Lin, J.N., 2015, Characteristics of polymer-fullerene solar cells with ZnS nanoparticles, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 10, 3914–3922.

[18] Suhail, M.H., Abdullah, O.G., Ahmed, R.A., and Aziz, S.B., 2018, Photovoltaic properties of doped zinc sulfide/n-Si heterojunction thin films, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 13, 1472–1483.

[19] Bartolucci, A., 2015, Morphological characterization of ZnS thin films for photovoltaic applications, Thesis, University of Bologna, Italy.

[20] Kalyanasundaram, S., Panneerselvam, K., and Kumar, V.S., 2013, Study on physical properties of ZnS thin films prepared by chemical bath deposition, Asia Pac. J. Res., 1 (VIII), 5–14.

[21] McCloy, J., and Tustison, R., 2013, Chemical Vapor Deposited Zinc Sulfide, 1st ed., SPIE, USA.

[22] Rawat, Avens Publishing Group, 2016, A Review on Zinc Sulphide Nanoparticles: From Synthesis, Properties to Applications, J Bioelectron. Nanotechnol., 1 (1), 15.

[23] Mahammed, B.A., and Ahmed, L.M., 2017, Enhanced photocatalytic properties of pure and Cr-modified ZnS powders synthesized by precipitation method, J. Geosci. Environ. Prot., 5 (10), 101–111.

[24] Mohammed, B.A., and Ahmed, L.M., 2018, Improvement the photo-catalytic properties of ZnS nanoparticle with loaded manganese and chromium by co-precipitation method, JGPT, 10 (7), 129–138.

[25] Greenwood, N.N., and Earnshaw, A., 1997, “Zinc, Cadmium and Mercury” in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd ed., Butterworth–Heinemann, Oxford, 1201–1220.

[26] Gadalla, A., Abd El-Sadek, M.S., and Hamood, R., 2018, Synthesis, structural and optical characterization of Cds and ZnS quantum dots, Chalcogenide Lett., 15 (5), 281–291.

[27] Xu, X., Hu, L., Gao, N., Liu, S., Wageh, S., Al-Ghamdi, A.A., Alshahrie, A., and Fang, X., 2015, Controlled growth from ZnS nanoparticles to ZnS–CdS nanoparticle hybrids with enhanced photoactivity, Adv. Funct. Mater., 25 (3), 445–454.

[28] Raubach, C.W., de Santana, Y.V.B., Ferrer, M.M., Longo, V.M., Varela, J.A., Avansi, W., Buzolin, P.G.C., Sambrano, J.R., and Longo, E., 2012, Structural and optical approach of CdS@ZnS core-shell system, Chem. Phys. Lett., 536, 96–99.

[29] Madhavi, J., Basha, S.J., Khidhirbrahmendra, V., Rao, L.V.K., Reddy, C.V., and Ravikumar, R.V.S.S.N., 2017, Spectroscopic investigations on Mn2+ doped ZnS/CdS nanocomposite  powder, J. Chem. Pharm. Sci., 10 (1), 608–610.

[30] Khezrianjoo, S., and Revanasiddappa, H.D., 2012, Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic expression for the photocatalytic degradation of metanil yellow aqueous solutions by ZnO catalyst, Chem. Sci. J., 2012, CSJ-85.

[31] Ahmed, L.M., 2018, Photo-decolorization kinetics of acid red 87 dye in ZnO suspension under different types of UV-A light, Asian J. Chem., 30 (9), 2134–2140.

[32] Abbas, N.K., Al-Rasoul, K.T., and Shanan, Z.J., 2013, New method of preparation ZnS nano size at low pH, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 8, 3049–3056.

[33] Nanda, J., Sapra, S., Sarma, D.D., Chandrasekharan, N., and Hodes, G., 2000, Size-selected zinc sulfide nanocrystallites: Synthesis, structure, and optical studies, Chem. Mater., 12 (4), 1018–1024.

[34] Shanan, Z.J., Al-Taay, H.F., Khaleel, N., Nader, R., Kaddum, E., and Talal, S., 2016, Structural and optical properties of chemically sprayed ZnS nanostructure, IOSR-JAP, 8( 5 ), 66–72.

[35] Sarma, M.P., and Wary, G., 2015, Synthesis and optical properties of ZnS nanoparticles in PVA matrix, Am. J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 4 (2), 58–71.

[36] Anwar, H.A., and Jassem, S.A., 2015, Preparation and study of CdS thin films at different concentration thiourea by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method, World Sci. News, 23, 73–89.

[37] Tyagi, C., Sharma, A., and Kurchania, R., 2014, Synthesis of CdS quantum dots using wet chemical co-precipitation method, J. Non-Oxide Glasses, 6 (2), 23–26.

[38] Lee, H. L., Issam, A.M., Belmahi, M., Assouar, M.B., Rinnert, H., and Alnot, M., 2009, Synthesis and characterizations of bare CdS nanocrystals using chemical precipitation method for photoluminescence application, J. Nanomater., 2009, 914501.

[39] Yong, K.T., Sahoo Y., Swihart, M.T., and Prasad, P.N., 2007, Shape control of CdS nanocrystals in one-pot synthesis, J. Phys. Chem. C, 111 (6), 2447–2458.

[40] Curti, E., 1997, Coprecipitation of radionuclides: Basic concepts, literature review and first applications, PSI-97-08, Switzerland.

[41] Slav, A., 2011, Optical characterization of TiO2-Ge nanocomposite films obtained by reactive magnetron sputtering, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostructuct., 6(3), 915 – 920.

[42] Tauc, J., Grigorovici, R., and Vancu, A., 1966, Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous Germanium, Phys. Status Solidi B, 15, 627–637.

[43] Ahmed, L.M., Alkaim, A.F., Halbus, A.F., and Hussein, F.H., 2016, Photocatalytic hydrogen production from aqueous methanol solution over metalized TiO2, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 9 (10), 90–98.

[44] McQuarrie, D.A., and Simon, J.D., 1997, Physical Chemistry-A Molecular Approach, 1st ed., University Science Books, Sausalito, 11072.

[45] Ahmed, L.M., Jassim, M.A., Mohammed, M.Q., and Hamza, D.T., 2018, Advanced oxidation processes for carmoisine (E122) dye in UVA/ZnO system: Influencing pH, temperature and oxidant agents on dye solution, JGPT, 10 (7), 248–254.

[46] Ahmed, L.M., Tawfeeq, F.T., Abed Al-Ameer, M.H., Abed Al-Hussein, K., and Athaab, A.R., 2016, Photo-degradation of reactive yellow 14 dye (a textile dye) employing ZnO as photocatalyst, J. Geosci. Environ. Prot., 4 (11), 34–44.

[47] Ahmed, L.M., Abd-Kadium, E.Q., Salman, R.A., Wali, H.K., and Nasser, N.K., 2017, Photocatalytic decolorization of dispersive yellow 42 dye in ZnO/UV-A system, Irq. Nat. J. Chem., 17 (4), 199–209.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38335

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 571 | views : 533


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.