Valuable Chemicals Derived from Pyrolysis Liquid Products of Spirulina platensis Residue

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38532

Siti Jamilatun(1), Budhijanto Budhijanto(2), Rochmadi Rochmadi(3), Avido Yuliestyan(4), Arief Budiman(5*)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jl. Kapas 9, Yogyakarta 55166, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika 2, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika 2, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Yogyakarta, Jl. SWK 104, Yogyakarta 55283, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika 2, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


With a motto of preserving nature, the use of renewable resources for the fulfillment of human needs has been seen echoing these days. In response, microalgae, a water-living microorganism, is perceived as an interesting alternative due to its easy-to-cultivate nature. One of the microalgae, which possess the potential for being the future source of energy, food, and health, is Spirulina plantesis. Aiming to identify valuable chemicals possibly derived from it, catalytic and non-catalytic pyrolysis process of the residue of S. plantesis microalgae has been firstly carried out in a fixed-bed reactor over the various temperature of 300, 400, 500, 550 and 600 °C. The resulting vapor was condensed so that the liquid product consisting of the top product (oil phase) and the bottom product (water phase) can be separated. The composition of each product was then analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). In the oil phase yield, the increase of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the decrease of the oxygenated have been observed along with the increase of pyrolysis temperature, which might be useful for fuel application. Interestingly, their water phase composition also presents some potential chemicals, able to be used as antioxidants, vitamins and food additives.


Keywords


Spirulina platensis residue; Pyrolysis; Oil phase; Water phase; Chemicals

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Setyawan, M., Budiman, A., Mulyono, P., and Sutijan, 2018, Optimum extraction of algae-oil from microalgae using hydrodynamic cavitation, Int. J. Renewable Energy Res., 8 (1), 451–458.

[2] Anggorowati, H., Jamilatun, S., Cahyono, R.B., and Budiman, A., 2018, Effect of hydrochloric acid concentration on the conversion of sugarcane bagasse to levulinic acid, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 299, 12092.

[3] Ledesma, E., Rendueles, M., and Díaz, M., 2016, Contamination of meat products during smoking by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Processes and prevention, Food Control, 60, 64–87.

[4] Juwono, H., Triyono, T., Sutarno, S., Wahyuni, E.T., Ulfin, I., and Kurniawan, F., 2017, Production of biodiesel from seed oil of Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum) by Al-MCM-41 and its performance in diesel engine, Indones. J. Chem., 17 (2), 316–321.

[5] Huang, F., Tahmasebi, A., Maliutina, K., and Yu, J., 2017, Formation of nitrogen-containing compounds during microwave pyrolysis of microalgae: Product distribution and reaction pathways, Bioresour. Technol., 245, 1067–1074.

[6] Vanthoor-Koopmans, M., Wijffels, R.H., Barbosa, M.J., and Eppink, M.H.M., 2013, Biorefinery of microalgae for food and fuel, Bioresour. Technol., 135, 142–149.

[7] Dragone, G., Fernandes, B., Vicente, A.A., and Teixeira, J.A., 2010, “Third Generation Biofuels from Microalgae” in Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, Eds., Méndez-Vilas, A., Formatex Research Center, Badajoz, 1355–1366.

[8] Sudibyo, H., Pradana, Y.S., Samudra, T.T., Budiman, A., Indarto, and Suyono, E.A., 2017, Study of cultivation under different colors of light and growth kinetic study of Chlorella zofingiensis Dönz for biofuel production, Energy Procedia, 105, 270–276.

 [9] Sudibyo, H., Purwanti, Y., Pradana, Y. S., Samudra, T.T., Budiman, A., and Suyono, E.A., 2018, Modification of growth medium of mixed-culture species of microalgae isolated from Southern Java coastal region, MATEC Web Conf., 154, 01001.

[10] Pradana, Y.S., Azmi, F.A., Masruri, W., and Hartono, M., 2018, Biodiesel production from wet Spirulina sp. by one-step extraction-transesterification, MATEC Web Conf., 156, 03009.

[11] de Jesus Raposo, M.F., de Morais, R.M.S.C., and de Morais, A.M.M.B., 2013, Health applications of bioactive compounds from marine microalgae, Life Sci., 93 (15), 479–486.

[12] Jamilatun, S., Budiman, A., Budhijanto, and Rochmadi, 2017, Non-catalytic slow pyrolysis of Spirulina platensis residue for production of liquid biofuel, Int. J. Renewable Energy Res., 7 (4), 1901–1908.

[13] Attia, A.A.M., Shouman, M.A.H., Khedr, S.A.A., and Hassan, N.A., 2018, Fixed-bed column studies for the removal of Congo red using Simmondsia chinesis (jojoba) and coated with chitosan, Indones. J. Chem., 18 (2), 294–305.

[14] Dickerson, T., and Soria, J., 2013, Catalytic fast pyrolysis: A review, Energies, 6 (1), 514–538.

[15] Sunarno, Rochmadi, Mulyono, P., Aziz, M., and Budiman, A., 2018, Kinetic study of catalytic cracking of bio-oil over silica-alumina catalyst, BioResources, 13 (1), 1917–1929.

[16] Lingbeck, J.M., Cordero, P., O’Bryan, C.A., Johnson, M.G., Ricke, S.C., and Crandall, P.G., 2014, Functionality of liquid smoke as an all-natural antimicrobial in food preservation, Meat Sci., 97 (2), 197–206.

[17] Saloko, S., Darmadji, P., Setiaji, B., and Pranoto, Y., 2014, Antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of liquid smoke nanocapsules using chitosan and maltodextrin and its application on tuna fish preservation, Food Biosci., 7, 71–79.

[18] Sanchez-Silva, L., López-González, D., Garcia-Minguillan, A.M., and Valverde, J.L., 2013, Pyrolysis, combustion and gasification characteristics of Nannochloropsis gaditana microalgae, Bioresour. Technol., 130, 321–331.

[19] Shakya, R., Adhikari, S., Mahadevan, R., Hassan, E.B., and Dempster, T.A., 2018, Catalytic upgrading of bio-oil produced from hydrothermal liquefaction of Nannochloropsis sp., Bioresour. Technol., 252, 28–36.

[20] Enzing, C., Ploeg, M., Barbosa, M.J., and Sijtsma, L., 2014, Microalgae-Based Products for the Food and Feed Sector: An Outlook for Europe, IPTS Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, JRC, Seville, Spain.

[21] Sun, Y.Y., Zhou, W.J., Wang, H., Guo, G.L., Su, Z.X., and Pu, Y.F., 2018, Antialgal compounds with antialgal activity against the common red tide microalgae from a green algae Ulva pertusa, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 157, 61–66.

[22] Galdino, P.M., Nascimento, M.V.M., Florentino, I.F., Lino, R.C., Fajemiroye, J.O., Chaibub, B.A., de Paula, J.R., de Lima, T.C. M., and Costa, E.A., 2012, The anxiolytic-like effect of an essential oil derived from Spiranthera odoratissima A. St. Hil. leaves and its major component, β-caryophyllene, in male mice, Prog. Neuro-Psychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry, 38 (2), 276–284.

[23] Jerez-Martel, I., García-Poza, S., Rodríguez-Martel, G., Rico, M., Afonso-Olivares, C., and Gómez-Pinchetti, J.L., 2017, Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of crude extracts from microalgae and cyanobacteria strains, J. Food Qual., 2017, 2924508.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38532

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1157 | views : 1032


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.