Statistical Modelling of Oil Removal from Surfactant/Polymer Flooding Produced Water by Using Flotation Column

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.42820

Ku Esyra Hani(1*), Mohammed Abdalla Ayoub(2)

(1) Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Geosciences and Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak 31750, Malaysia
(2) Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Geosciences and Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak 31750, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of polymer (GLP-100) and surfactant (MFOMAX) towards the efficiency of oil removal in a flotation column by using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Various concentrations of surfactant (250, 372 and 500 ppm) and polymer (450, 670, and 900 ppm) produced water were prepared. Dulang crude oil was used in the experiments. Flotation operating parameters such as gas flow rate (1–3 L/min) and duration of flotation (2–10 min) were also investigated. The efficiency of oil removal was calculated based on the difference between the initial concentration of oil and the final concentration of oil after the flotation process. From the ANOVA analysis, it was found that the gas flow rate, surfactant concentration, and polymer concentration contributed significantly to the efficiency of oil removal. Extra experiments were conducted to verify the developed equation at a randomly selected point using 450 ppm of polymer concentration, 250 ppm of surfactant concentration, 3 L/min gas flowrate and duration of 10 min. From these extra experiments, a low standard deviation of 1.96 was discovered. From this value, it indicates that the equation can be used to predict the efficiency of oil removal in the presence of surfactant and polymer (SP) by using a laboratory flotation column.

Keywords


enhanced oil recovery; produced water treatment; flotation process; statistical model

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Fakharian, H., Ganji, H., and Naderifar, A., 2017, Saline produced water treatment using gas hydrates, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 5 (5), 4269–4273.

[2] Eftekhardadkhah, M., Aanesen, S.V., Rabe, K., and Øye, G., 2015, Oil removal from produced water during laboratory- and pilot-scale gas flotation: The influence of interfacial adsorption and induction times, Energy Fuels, 29 (11), 7734–7740.

[3] Yassin, A.A.M., 1988, Legislation on oil pollution prevention and control during petroleum production, Jurnal Teknologi, 11, 1–6.

[4] Al-Kayiem, H.H., and Khan, J.A., 2017, Evaluation of alkali/surfactant/polymer flooding on separation and stabilization of water/oil emulsion by statistical modelling, Energy Fuels, 31 (9), 9290–9301.

[5] Zsirai, T., Al-Jaml, A.K., Qiblawey, H., Al-Marri, M., Ahmed, A., Bach, S., Watson, S., and Judd, S., 2016, Ceramic membrane filtration of produced water: Impact of membrane module, Sep. Purif. Technol., 165, 214–221.

[6] da Silva, S.S., Chiavone-Filho, O., de Barros Neto, E.L., and Foletto, E.L., 2015, Oil removal from produced water by conjugation of flotation and photo-Fenton processes, J. Environ. Manage., 147, 257–263.

[7] Hayatdavoudi, A., 2006, Removing oil and grease from produced water using micro bubble flotation technique, The 8th International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2-4 April 2006, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

[8] Casaday, A.L., 1993, Advances in flotation unit design for produced water treatment, SPE Production Operations Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 21-23 March 1993, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA.

[9] Santander, M., Rodrigues, R.T., and Rubio, J., 2011, Modified jet flotation in oil (petroleum) emulsion/water separations, Colloids Surf., A, 375 (1-3), 237–244.

[10] Pratarn, W., Kanawut, S., and Thanit, S., 2013, Experimental investigation of de-oiling hydrocyclone, Key Eng. Mater., 545, 230–235.

[11] Bram, M.V., Hassan, A.A., Hansen, D.S., Durdevic, P., Pedersen, S., and Yang, Z., 2015, Experimental modeling of a deoiling hydrocyclone system, The 20th International Conference on Methods and Model in Automation Robotics MMAR 2015, 1080–1085.

[12] Deng, S., Bai, R., Chen, J.P., Yu, G., Jiang, Z., and Zhou, F., 2002, Effects of alkaline/surfactant/polymer on stability of oil droplets in produced water from ASP flooding, Colloids Surf., A, 211 (2-3), 275–284.

[13] Wang, B., Wu, T., Li, Y., Sun, D., Yang, M., Gao, Y., Lu, F., and Li, X., 2011, The effects of oil displacement agents on the stability of water produced from ASP (alkaline/surfactant/polymer) flooding, Colloids Surf., A, 379 (1-3), 121–126.

[14] Shutang, G., and Qiang, G., 2010, Recent progress and evaluation of ASP flooding for EOR in Daqing oil field, SPE EOR Conference at Oil & Gas West Asia, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 11-13 April 2010, Muscat, Oman.

[15] Deng, S., Yu, G., Jiang, Z., Zhang, R., and Ting, Y.P., 2005, Destabilization of oil droplets in produced water from ASP flooding, Colloids Surf., A, 252 (2-3), 113–119.

[16] Zhang, R., Liang, C., Wu, D., and Deng, S., 2006, Characterization and demulsification of produced liquid from weak base ASP flooding, Colloids Surf., A, 290 (1-3), 164–171.

[17] Zhang, F., Wang, F., Ouyang, J., and Zhang, H., 2011, The development and application of a demulsifier used for ASP flooding–produced liquid from the Xing 2 area of the Daqing oilfield, Pet. Sci. Technol., 29 (1), 69–78.

[18] Qi, W.K., Yu, Z.C., Liu, Y.Y., and Li, Y.Y., 2013, Removal of emulsion oil from oilfield ASP wastewater by internal circulation flotation and kinetic models, Chem. Eng. Sci., 91, 122–129.

[19] Li, C., and Chen, Z., 2015, “ASP Flooding Produced Fluid Characteristic and Treatment Process” in Advances in Energy Science and Equipment Engineering, Eds. Zhou, S., Patty, A., and Chen, S., Vol. 1, Taylor & Francis, London, UK, 147–150.

[20] Ksenofontov, B.S., and Ivanov, M.V., 2013, A novel multistage kinetic modeling of flotation for wastewater treatment, Water Sci. Technol., 68 (4), 807–812.

[21] Maruyama, H., Seki, H., and Satoh, Y., 2012, Removal kinetic model of oil droplet from o/w emulsion by adding methylated milk casein in flotation, Water Res., 46 (9), 3094–3100.

[22] Gharai, M., and Venugopal, R., 2015, Modeling of flotation process–An overview of different approaches, Miner. Process. Extr. Metall. Rev., 37 (2), 120–133.

[23] Argillier, J.F., Henaut, I., Noik, C., Viera, R., Leon, F.R., and Aanesen, B., 2014, Influence of chemical EOR on topside produced water management, SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 12-16 April 2014, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.

[24] Richerand, F., and Peymani, Y., 2015, Improving flotation methods to treat EOR polymer rich produced water, SPE Produced Water Handling & Management Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 20–21 May 2015, Galveston, Texas, USA.

[25] Xu, H.X., Liu, J.T., Gao, L.H., Wang, Y.T., Deng, X.W., and Li, X.B., 2014, Study of oil removal kinetics using cyclone-static microbubble flotation column, Sep. Sci. Technol., 49 (8), 1170–1177.

[26] Rambeau, O., Jacob, M., Rondon, M., Jouenne, S., and Cordelier, P., 2014, A tool to tackle the challenges of the treatment of the back produced viscosified water, International Petroleum Technology Conference, 19-22 January 2014, Doha, Qatar.

[27] Deng, S., Bai, R., Chen, J.P., Jiang, Z., Yu, G., Zhou, F., and Chen, Z., 2002, Produced water from polymer flooding process in crude oil extraction: Characterization and treatment by a novel crossflow oil-water separator, Sep. Purif. Technol., 29 (3), 207–216.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.42820

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 532 | views : 464


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.