Carotenoid Analysis from Commercial Banana Cultivars (Musa spp.) in Malang, East Java, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.60865

Jodiawan Jodiawan(1), Devi Natalia Chrisdiyanti(2), Nur Vi’atin(3), Monika Nur Utami Prihastyanti(4), Rosita Dwi Chandra(5), Heriyanto Heriyanto(6), Chandra Ayu Siswanti(7), Lia Hapsari(8), Tatas Hardo Panintingjati Brotosudarmo(9*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(4) Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments (MRCPP), Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(5) Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments (MRCPP), Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(6) Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments (MRCPP), Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(7) Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments (MRCPP), Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(8) Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Jl. Raya Surabaya – Malang KM. 65, Purwodadi, Pasuruan 67163, East Java, Indonesia
(9) Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments (MRCPP), Universitas Ma Chung, Villa Puncak Tidar N-01, Malang 65151, East Java, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Banana, as the world’s most consumed fruit, is a good source of carbohydrate, potassium, fiber, and other essential nutrients such as pro-vitamin A carotenoids. The carotenoid content and composition in bananas commonly sold in fruit shops in Malang have become interesting studies. Five types of banana, i.e. Berlin, Mas, Cavendish, Candi and Raja were characterized using high-performance liquid chromatography and UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The carotenoid concentrations ranged between 347–3,660 µg/100 g dry weight (dw), with the level of vitamin A activity at the range between 6-139 µg RAE/100 g dw. The Mas banana had a higher carotenoid concentration compared to the Berlin, Candi, Raja, and Cavendish varieties.

Keywords


banana; carotenoid concentration; carotenoid identification; Malang; vitamin A activity

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Yadav, A., Kumari, R., Yadav, A., Mishra, J.P., Srivatva, S., and Prabha, S., 2016, Antioxidants and its function in human body – A review, Res. Environ. Life Sci., 9 (11), 1328–1331.

[2] Melendez-Martinez, A.J., 2019, An overview of carotenoids, apocarotenoids, and vitamin A in agro-food, nutrition, health, and disease, Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 63 (15), 1801045.

[3] Miller, A.P., Coronel, J., and Amengual, J., 2020, The role of β-carotene and vitamin A in atherogenesis: Evidences from preclinical and clinical studies, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Mol. Cell Biol. Lipids, 1865 (11), 158635.

[4] Sommer, A., and Vyas, K.S., 2012, A global clinical view on vitamin A carotenoids, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 96 (5), 1204S–1206S

[5] Lietz, G., Oxley, A., Boesch-Saadatmandi, C., and Kobayashi, D., 2012, Importance of β,β-carotene 15,15’-monooxygenase 1 (BCMO1) and β,β-carotene 9’,10’-dioxygenase 2 (BCDO2) in nutrition and health, Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 56 (2), 241–250.

[6] Yuan, H., Zhang, J., Nageswaran, D., and Li, L., 2015, Carotenoid metabolism and regulation in horticultural crops, Hortic. Res., 2, 15036.

[7] Heng, Z., Sheng, O., Yan, S., Lu, H., Motorykin, I., Gao, H., Li, C., Yang, Q., Hu, C., Kuang, R., Bi, F., Dou, T., Xie, S., Deng, G., and Yi, G., 2017, Carotenoid profiling in the peel and pulp of 36 selected Musa varieties, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 23 (4), 603–611.

[8] Lokesh, V., Divya, P., Puthusseri, B., Manjunatha, G., and Neelwarne, B., 2014, Profiles of carotenoids during post-climacteric ripening of some important cultivars of banana and development of a dry product from a high carotenoid yielding variety, LWT-Food Sci. Technol., 55 (1), 59–66.

[9] Amah, D., van Biljon, A., Brown, A., Perkins-Veazie, P., Swennen, R., and Labuschagne, M., 2019, Recent advances in banana (Musa spp.) biofortification to alleviate vitamin A deficiency, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 59 (21), 3498–3510.

[10] Septiany, G.J., Putri, W.D.R., Panca, N.I., Heriyanto, and Limantara, L., 2019, Carotenoid analysis of ripe banana flesh and peel from three cultivars of banana, Indones. J. Nat. Pigm., 1 (2), 60–64.

[11] Aquino, C.F., Salomão, L.C.C., Pinheiro-Sant’ana, H.M., Ribeiro, S.M.R., De Siqueira, D.L., and Cecon, P.R., 2018, Carotenoids in the pulp and peel of bananas from 15 cultivars in two ripening stages, Rev. Ceres, 65 (3), 217–226.

[12] Khoo, H.E., Ng, H.S., Yap, W.S., Goh, H.J.H., and Yim, H.S., 2019, Nutrients for prevention of macular degeneration and eye-related diseases, Antioxidants, 8 (4), 85.

[13] Valmayor, R.V., Jamaluddin, S.H., Silayoi, B., Kusumo, S., Danh, L.D., Pascua, O.C., and Espino, R.R.C., 2000, Banana cultivar names and synonyms in Southeast Asia, INIBAP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Laguna, Philippines.

[14] Herlina, T., 2007, Peningkatan nilai tambah melalui pengembangan agroindustry pisang di kabupaten Lumajang, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Agroindustri, Bogor, 4 December 2007.

[15] Hapsari, L., Wahyudi, D., Azrianingsih, R., and Arumingtyas, E.L., 2015, Genome identification of bananas (Musa L.) from East Java Indonesia assessed with PCR-RFLP of the internal transcribed spacers nuclear ribosomal DNA, Int. J. Biosci., 7 (3), 42–52.

[16] Badan Pusat Statistik, 2018, Statistik Tanaman Buah-Buahan dan Sayuran Tahunan Indonesia 2018, BPS, Jakarta.

[17] Falcomer, A.L., Riquette, R.F.R., de Lima, B.R., Ginani, V.C., and Zandonadi, R.P., 2019, Health benefits of green banana consumption: A systematic review, Nutrients, 11 (6), 1222.

[18] Hapsari, L., Kennedy, J., Lestari, D.A., Masrum, A., and Lestarini, W., 2017, Ethnobotanical survey of bananas (Musaceae) in six districts of East Java, Indonesia, Biodiversitas, 18 (1), 160–174.

[19] Chandra, R.D., Siswanti, C.A., Prihastyanti, M.N.U., Heriyanto, and Brotosudarmo, T.H.P., 2020, Evaluating pro-vitamin A carotenoids and polar metabolites composition during the ripening stages of Agung Semeru banana (Musa paradisiaca L. AAB), Int. J. Food Sci., 2020, 8503923.

[20] Stover, R.H., and Simmonds, N.W., 1987, Bananas (Tropical Agriculture Series), 3rd Ed., Wiley, Hoboken, US.

[21] Gross, J., 1991, Pigments in Vegetables: Chlorophylls and Carotenoids, Springer US.

[22] Kurniawan, J.M., Yusuf, M.M., Azmi, S.S., Salim, K.P., Prihastyanti, M.N.U., Indrawati, R., Heriyanto, Shioi, Y., Limantara, L., and Brotosudarmo, T.H.P., 2019, Effect of drying treatments on the contents of lutein and zeaxanthin in orange- and yellow-cultivars of marigold flowers and its application for lutein ester encapsulation, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 509, 012060.

[23] Institute of Medicine (US) Panel in Micronutrients, 2000, Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids, National Academies Press, Washington DC.

[24] Mbabazi, R., Harding, R., Khanna, H., Namanya, P., Arinaitwe, G., Tushemereirwe, W., Dale, J., and Paul, J.Y., 2019, Pro-vitamin A carotenoids in East African highland banana and other Musa cultivars grown in Uganda, Food Sci. Nutr., 8 (1), 311–321.

[25] Ekesa, B., Nabuuma, D., Blomme, G., and Van den Bergh, I., 2015, Provitamin A carotenoid content of unripe and ripe banana cultivars for potential adoption in eastern Africa, J. Food Compos. Anal., 43, 1–6

[26] Singh, B., Sing, J.P., Kaur, A., and Sing, N., 2016, Bioactive compounds in banana and their associated health benefits – A review, Food Chem., 206, 1–11.

[27] Ashokkumar, K., Elayabalan, S., Shobana, V.G., Sivakumar, P., and Pandiyan, M., 2018, Nutritional value of cultivars of banana (Musa spp.) and its future products, J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem., 7 (3), 2972–2977.

[28] Buah, S., Mlalazi, B., Khanna, H., Dale, J.L., and Mortimer, C.L., 2016, The quest for golden bananas: Investigating carotenoid regulation in a Fe’i group Musa cultivar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 64 (16), 3176–3185.

[29] Facundo, H.V.V., Gurak, P.D., Mercadente, A.Z., Lajolo, F.M., and Cordenunsi, B.R., 2015, Storage at low temperature differentially affects the colour and carotenoid composition of two cultivars of banana, Food Chem., 170, 102–109.

[30] Yan, L., Fernando, W.M.A.D.B., Brennan, M., Brennan, C.S., Jayasena, V., and Coorey, R., 2016, Effect of extraction method and ripening stage on banana peel pigments, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 51 (6), 1449–1456.

[31] Amah, D., Alamu, E., Adesokan, M., van Biljon, A., Maziya-dixon, B., Swennen, R., and Labuschagne, M., 2019, Variability of carotenoids in a Musa germplasm collection and implications for provitamin A biofortification, Food Chem.: X, 2, 100024.

[32] Institute of Medicine (US) Panel in Micronutrients, 2001, Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc, National Academies Press, Washington DC.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.60865

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2214 | views : 1259


Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.