Performance of N,O-Carboxymethyl Chitosan as Corrosion and Scale Inhibitors in CO2 Saturated Brine Solution

Muhamad Jalil Baari(1*), Bunbun Bundjali(2), Deana Wahyuningrum(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, Jl. Pemuda, Kolaka, 93511, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The presence of salts and dissolved gas like CO2 that is carried with natural gas and crude oil along the pipeline is the main reason for corrosion and scale formation. These problems are usually resolved separately by corrosion inhibitors and scale inhibitors or acidification. Meanwhile, utilizing a compound to resolve both corrosion and scale formation has an advantage in the economic side and working time. N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan or N,O-CMCs is one of the chitosan's derivates. It is water-soluble and has different functional groups. Those properties support its capability as a complexing agent on corrosion and scale inhibitors. Synthesis of N,O-CMCs was carried out by chemical reactions between chitosan and chloroacetic acid under alkaline circumstances. N,O-CMCs product was characterized using FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The inhibition efficiency was analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization techniques. The measurements showed that the highest efficiency of corrosion inhibition reached 63.54% when the concentration and temperature were 30 ppm and 35 °C, respectively. N,O-CMCs was classified as a mixed-type inhibitor. The adsorption mechanism of the inhibitor followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The static scale inhibition test informed that the optimum inhibition efficiency of N,O-CMCs reached 60.00%.


N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan; corrosion inhibitor; carbon steel; scale inhibitor

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Tawfik, S.M., and Negm, N.A., 2016, Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of some anionic surfactants with phosphate group as a biodegradable corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in acidic solution, J. Mol. Liq., 215, 185–196.

[2] Usman, B.J., and Ali, S.A., 2018, Carbon dioxide corrosion inhibitors: A review, Arabian J. Sci. Eng., 43 (1), 1–22.

[3] Olivares-Xometl, O., López-Aguilar, C., Herrastí-González, P., Likhanova, N.V., Lijanova, I., Martínez-Palou, R., and Rivera-Márquez, J.A., 2014, Adsorption and corrosion inhibition performance by three new ionic liquids on API 5L X52 steel surface in acid media, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53 (23), 9534–9543.

[4] Salleh, N.I.H., and Abdullah, A., 2019, Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel using palm oil leaves extract, Indones. J. Chem., 19 (3), 747–752.

[5] Kamal, M.S., Hussein, I., Mahmoud, M., Sultan, A.S., and Saad, M.A.S., 2018, Oilfield scale formation and chemical removal: A review, J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 171, 127–139.

[6] Younes, A.A., El-Maghrabi, H.H., and Ali, H.R., 2017, Novel polyacrylamide-based solid scale inhibitor, J. Hazard. Mater., 334, 1–9.

[7] El-Haddad, M.A.M., Radwan, A.B., Sliem, M.H., Hassan, W.M.I., and Abdullah, A.M., 2019, Highly efficient eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 5 M HCl at elevated temperatures: Experimental & molecular dynamics study, Sci. Rep., 9 (1), 3695.

[8] Baari, M.J., Bundjali, B., and Wahyuningrum, D., 2020, Synthesis of oligosuccinimide and evaluation of its corrosion inhibition performance on carbon steel in CO2-saturated 1% NaCl solution, J. Math. Fundam. Sci., 52 (2), 202–221.

[9] Li, C., Zhang, C., and Zhang, W., 2019, The inhibition effect mechanisms of four scale inhibitors on the formation and crystal growth of CaCO3 in solution, Sci. Rep., 9 (1), 13366.

[10] Raja, P.B., Qureshi, A.K., Rahim, A.A., Osman, H., and Awang, K., 2013, Neolamarckia cadamba alkaloids as eco-friendly corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1 M HCl media, Corros. Sci., 69, 292–301.

[11] Saraswat, V., Yadav, M., and Obot, I.B., 2020, Investigations on eco-friendly corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in acid environment: Electrochemical, DFT and Monte Carlo Simulation approach, Colloids Surf., A, 599, 124881.

[12] Lv, J., Fu, L., Zeng, B., Tang, M., and Li, J., 2019, Synthesis and acidizing corrosion inhibition performance of N-doped carbon quantum dots, Russ. J. Appl. Chem., 92 (6), 848–856.

[13] Biswas, A., Pal, S., and Udayabhanu, G., 2015, Experimental and theoretical studies of xanthan gum and its graft co-polymer as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 15% HCl, Appl. Surf. Sci., 353, 173–183.

[14] Huang, H., Yao, Q., Jiao, Q., Liu, B., and Chen, H., 2019, Polyepoxysuccinic acid with hyper-branched structure as an environmentally friendly scale inhibitor and its scale inhibition mechanism, J. Saudi Chem. Soc., 23 (1), 61–74.

[15] Mourya, V.K., Inamdar, N.N., and Tiwari, A., 2010, Carboxymethyl chitosan and its applications, Adv. Mater. Lett., 1 (1), 11–33.

[16] Macedo, R.G.M.A., Marques, N.N., Paulucci, L.C.S., Cunha, J.V.M., Villetti, M.A., Castro, B.B., and Balaban, R.C., 2019, Water-soluble carboxymethylchitosan as green scale inhibitor in oil wells, Carbohydr. Polym., 215, 137–142.

[17] Shariatinia, Z., 2018, Carboxymethyl chitosan: Properties and biomedical applications, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 120, 1406–1419.

[18] Upadhyaya, L., Singh, J., Agarwal, V., and Tewari, R.P., 2013, Biomedical applications of carboxymethyl chitosans, Carbohydr. Polym., 91 (1), 452–466.

[19] Darmokoesoemo, H., Suyanto, S., Anggara, L.S., Amenaghawon, A.N., and Kusuma, H.S., 2018, Application of carboxymethyl chitosan-benzaldehyde as anticorrosion agent on steel, Int. J. Chem. Eng., 2018, 4397867.

[20] Sun, H., Wang, H., Wang, H., and Yan, Q., 2018, Enhanced removal of heavy metals from electroplating wastewater through electrocoagulation using carboxymethyl chitosan as corrosion inhibitor for steel anode, Environ. Sci. Water Res. Technol., 4 (8), 1105–1113.

[21] Bundjali, B., Surdia, N.M., Liang, O.B., and Ariwahjoedi, B., 2006, Pelarutan besi selektif pada korosi baja karbon dalam larutan buffer asetat, natrium bikarbonat - CO2 jenuh, J. Math. Fundam. Sci., 38 (2), 149–161.

[22] Domszy, J.G., and Roberts, G.A.F., 1985, Evaluation of infrared spectroscopic techniques for analysing chitosan, Makromol. Chem., 186 (8), 1671–1677.

[23] Roberts, G.A.F., 1992, Chitin Chemistry, 1st Ed., Macmillan, London.

[24] Zheng, X., Zhang, H., She, Y., and Pu, J., 2014, Composite films of N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan and bamboo fiber, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 131 (3), 1–6.

[25] Qiang, Y., Fu, S., Zhang, S., Chen, S., and Zou, X., 2018, Designing and fabricating of single and double alkyl-chain indazole derivatives self-assembled monolayer for corrosion inhibition of copper, Corros. Sci., 140, 111–121.

[26] Chaudhari, L.P., and Patel, S.N., 2019, Corrosion inhibition study of expired acetazolamide on mild steel in dilute hydrochloric acid solution, J. Bio- Tribo-Corros., 5 (1), 1–13.

[27] Dagdag, O., Safi, Z., Erramli, H., Cherkaoui, O., Wazzan, N., Guo, L., Verma, C., Ebenso, E.E., and El Harfi, A., 2019, adsorption and anticorrosive behavior of aromatic epoxy monomers on carbon steel corrosion in acidic solution: Computational studies and sustained experimental studies, RSC Adv., 9 (26), 14782–14796.

[28] NACE International, 2001, Standard Test Method Laboratory Screening Tests to Determine the Ability of Scale Inhibitors to Prevent the Precipitation of Calcium Sulfate and Calcium Carbonate from Solution (for Oil and Gas Production Systems), NACE International, Houston, Texas.

[29] Jitareerat, P., Paumchai, S., Kanlayanarat, S., and Sangchote, S., 2007, Effect of chitosan on ripening, enzymatic activity, and disease development in mango (Mangifera indica) fruit, N. Z. J. Crop Hortic. Sci., 35 (2), 211–218.

[30] Alsabagh, A.M., Elsabee, M.Z., Moustafa, Y.M., Elfky, A., and Morsi, R.E., 2014, Corrosion inhibition efficiency of some hydrophobically modified chitosan surfactants in relation to their surface active properties, Egypt. J. Pet., 23 (4), 349–359.

[31] le Dung, P., Milas, M., Rinaudo, M., and Desbrières, J., 1994, Water soluble derivatives obtained by controlled chemical modifications of chitosan, Carbohydr. Polym., 24 (3), 209–214.

[32] Larkin, P., 2011, Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy Principles and Spectral Interpretation, 1st Ed., Elsevier, Oxford, UK.

[33] Kim, C.H., Kim, S.Y., and Choi, K.S., 1997, synthesis and antibacterial activity of water-soluble chitin derivatives, Polym. Adv. Technol., 8 (5), 319–325.

[34] Kong, X., 2012, Simultaneous determination of degree of deacetylation, degree of substitution and distribution fraction of –COONa in carboxymethyl chitosan by potentiometric titration, Carbohydr. Polym., 88 (1), 336–341.

[35] Muzzarelli, R.A.A., Ilari, P., and Petrarulo, M., 1994, solubility and structure of N-carboxymethyl chitosan, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 16 (4), 177–180.

[36] Arjomandi, J., Moghanni-Bavil-Olyaei, H., Parvin, M.H., Lee, J.Y., Ko, K.C., Joshaghani, M., and Hamidian, K., 2018, Inhibition of corrosion of aluminum in alkaline solution by a novel azo-Schiff base: Experiment and theory, J. Alloys Compd., 746, 185–193.

[37] Verma, C., Quraishi, M.A., and Singh, A., 2016, 5-Substituted 1H-tetrazoles as effective corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid, J. Taibah Univ. Sci., 10 (5), 718–733.

[38] Kasshanna, S., and Rostron, P., 2017, Novel synthesis and characterization of vegetable oil derived corrosion inhibitors, J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 8 (12), 4292–4300.

[39] Douadi, T., Hamani, H., Daoud, D., Al-Noaimi, M., and Chafaa, S., 2017, Effect of temperature and hydrodynamic conditions on corrosion inhibition of an azomethine compounds for mild steel in 1 M HCl solution, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 71, 388–404.

[40] El Faydy, M., Touir, R., Ebn Touhami, M., Zarrouk, A., Jama, C., Lakhrissi, B., Olasunkanmi, L.O., Ebenso, E.E., and Bentiss, F., 2018, Corrosion inhibition performance of newly synthesized 5-alkoxymethyl-8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives for carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution: Experimental, DFT and Monte Carlo simulation studies, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 20 (30), 20167–20187.

[41] Deng, S., Li, X., and Xie, X., 2014, Hydroxymethyl urea and 1,3-bis(hydroxymethyl) urea as corrosion inhibitors for steel in HCl solution, Corros. Sci., 80, 276–289.

[42] Bentiss, F., Lebrini, M., and Lagrenée, M., 2005, Thermodynamic characterization of metal dissolution and inhibitor adsorption processes in mild steel/2,5-bis(n-thienyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles/hydrochloric acid system, Corros. Sci., 47 (12), 2915–2931.

[43] Kahyarian, A., and Nesic, S., 2019, A new narrative for CO2 corrosion of mild steel, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166 (11), C3048–C3063.

[44] Chakravarthy, M.P., and Mohana, K.N., 2014, Adsorption and corrosion inhibition characteristics of some nicotinamide derivatives on mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution, Int. Scholarly Res. Not., 2014, 687276.

[45] Barmatov, E., Hughes, T., and Nagl, M., 2015, Efficiency of film-forming corrosion inhibitors in strong hydrochloric acid under laminar and turbulent flow conditions, Corros. Sci., 92, 85–94.

[46] Nešić, S., 2007, Key issues related to modelling of internal corrosion of oil and gas pipelines - A review, Corros. Sci., 49 (12), 4308–4338.

[47] Verma, C., Singh, P., and Quraishi, M.A., 2016, A thermodynamical, electrochemical and surface investigation of Bis (indolyl) methanes as green corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid solution, J. Assoc. Arab Univ. Basic Appl. Sci., 21, 24–30.

[48] Anejjar, A., Salghi, R., Zarrouk, A., Benali, O., Zarrok, H., Hammouti, B., and Ebenso, E.E., 2014, Inhibition of carbon steel corrosion in 1 M HCl medium by potassium thiocyanate, J. Assoc. Arab Univ. Basic Appl. Sci., 15 (1), 21–27.

[49] Kaskah, S.E., Pfeiffer, M., Klock, H., Bergen, H., Ehrenhaft, G., Ferreira, P., Gollnick, J., and Fischer, C.B., 2017, Surface protection of low carbon steel with N-acyl sarcosine derivatives as green corrosion inhibitors, Surf. Interfaces, 9, 70–78.

[50] Wang, B., Du, M., Zhang, J., and Gao, C.J., 2011, Electrochemical and surface analysis studies on corrosion inhibition of Q235 steel by imidazoline derivative against CO2 corrosion, Corros. Sci., 53 (1), 353–361.

[51] Saadi, R., Saadi, Z., Fazaeli, R., and Fard, N.E., 2015, Monolayer and multilayer adsorption isotherm models for sorption from aqueous media, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 32 (5), 787–799.

[52] Ayawei, N., Angaye, S., Wankasi, D., and Dikio, E.D., 2015, Synthesis, characterization and application of Mg/Al layered double hydroxide for the degradation of Congo Red in aqueous solution, Open J. Phys. Chem., 5 (3), 56–70.

[53] Huang, H., Yao, Q., Liu, B., Shan, N., and Chen, H., 2017, Synthesis and characterization of scale and corrosion inhibitors with hyper-branched structure and the mechanism, New J. Chem., 41 (20), 12205–12217.

[54] Feng, J., Gao, L., Wen, R., Deng, Y., Wu, X., and Deng, S., 2014, Fluorescent polyaspartic acid with an enhanced inhibition performance against calcium phosphate, Desalination, 345, 72–76.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3481 | views : 1999

Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.