A Study on Factors Influencing the Hydrodistillation of Triphasia trifolia Essential Oil

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.70646

Phuoc-Sang Huynh Ngo(1), Xuan-Cuong Luu(2), Minh-Thuan Huynh(3), Thien Hien Tran(4), Tan Phat Dao(5*), Tien-Xuan Le(6)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam; Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
(2) AOTA International Joint Stock Company, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
(3) Tan Ke High School, Ben Tre Province 86000, Vietnam
(4) Faculty of Food and Environmental Engineering, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam; Institute of Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
(5) Faculty of Food and Environmental Engineering, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam; Institute of Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
(6) Department of Chemical Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam; Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The present study attempted to evaluate the suitable conditions for essential oil extraction from the fruit of Triphasia trifolia using hydrodistillation technique. The effect of various factors such as material size, solvent to solid ratio, heating temperature and distillation time, state of maturation, and fruit preservation on the oil yield was investigated. The physicochemical property, chemical composition, and biological properties were accessed. The highest yield of essential oil (7.9 mL/kg dry matter) from T. trifolia was obtained at optimal conditions such as fine particle size, solid to solvent ratio of 1:5, temperature oil bath of 140 °C, and distillation time of 3 h. The state of maturation of the fruits significantly affects the essential oil yield and insignificantly influences chemical composition based on the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. It was found that the essential oil yield decreases significantly when ripened fruits are not kept in cool conditions before distillation. It implied that ripened fruits should be immediately processed or kept in cool storage to maintain the essential oil yield. Our findings will help produce high-quality essential oil from T. trifolia at a pilot or industrial scale.


Keywords


Triphasia trifolia; essential oil; hydrodistillation; GC-MS

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Dao, T.P., Do, H.T., Khoi, L.Q., Gia Phap, N.V.G., Cang, M.H., Pham, T.N., and Muoi, N.V., 2020, Evaluation of physico-chemical properties of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus L.) essential oil grown in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam, Asian J. Chem., 32 (5), 1248‑1250.

[2] Tran, T.H., Ha, L.K., Nguyen, D.C., Dao, T.P., Nhan, L.T.H., Nguyen, D.H., Nguyen, T.D., Vo, D.V.N., Tran, Q.T., and Bach, L.G., 2019, The study on extraction process and analysis of components in essential oils of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seeds harvested in Gia Lai Province, Vietnam, Processes, 7 (2), 56.

[3] Ngo, T.C.Q., Dao, T.P., Tran, T.H., Le, T.H.N., Pham, M.Q., Nguyen, N.H., and Tran, Q.T., 2020, Application of response surface methodology in the process of extracting essential oil from the calamondin (Citrus microcarpa) peels, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 736, 022062.

[4] Samoisy, A.K., and Mahomoodally, F., 2016, Ethnopharmacological appraisal of culturally important medicinal plants and polyherbal formulas used against communicable diseases in Rodrigues Island, J. Ethnopharmacol., 194, 803–818.

[5] Gurib-Fakim, A., Sewraj, M., Gueho, J., and Dulloo, E., 1993, Medicalethnobotany of some weeds of Mauritius and Rodrigues, J. Ethnopharmacol., 39 (3), 175–185.

[6] Yokoyama, H., and White, M.J., 1970, Carotenone formation in Triphasia trifolia, Phytochemistry, 9 (8), 1795–1797.

[7] Rastogi, N., Abaul, J., Goh, K., Devallois, A., Philogène, E., and Bourgeois, P., 1998, Antimycobacterial activity of chemically defined natural substances from the Caribbean flora in Guadeloupe, FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol., 20 (4), 267–273.

[8] Curini, M., Cravotto, G., Epifano, F., and Giannone, G., 2006, Chemistry and biological activity of natural and synthetic prenyloxycoumarins, Curr. Med. Chem., 13 (2), 199–222.

[9] Jaramillo Colorado, B.E., Martelo, I.P., and Duarte, E., 2012, Antioxidant and repellent activities of the essential oil from Colombian Triphasia trifolia (Burm. f.) P. Wilson, J. Agric. Food Chem., 60 (25), 6364–6368.

[10] Zheljazkov, V.D., Astatkie, T., and Schlegel, V., 2014, Hydrodistillation extraction time effect on essential oil yield, composition, and bioactivity of coriander oil, J. Oleo Sci., 63 (9), 857–865.

[11] Dao, P.T., Tran, N.Y.T., Tran, Q.N., Bach, G.L., and Lam, T.V., 2021, Kinetics of pilot-scale essential oil extraction from pomelo (Citrus maxima) peels: Comparison between linear and nonlinear models, Alexandria Eng. J., 61 (3), 2564–2572.

[12] Tran, T.H., Ngo, T.T.Q., Tran, T.K.N., Lam, T.D., Dao, T.P., Linh, H.T.K., Ngoc, T.T.L., Quan, P.M., and Toan, T.Q., 2019, Manufacturing process for extracting essential oils from white pepper (Piper nigrum L.) by hydrodistillation technique, Solid State Phenom., 298, 89‑93.

[13] Mathialagan, R., Nour, A.H., Sulaiman, Z.A., Nour, A.H., and Raj, S.T., 2014, Comparison of essential oil of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) extracted with microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (MAHD) and conventional hydrodistillation (HD) method, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl., 5 (2), 104–108.

[14] Filly, A., Fabiano-Tixier, A.S., Louis, C., Fernandez, X., and Chemat, F., 2016, Water as a green solvent combined with different techniques for extraction of essential oil from lavender flowers, C. R. Chim., 19 (6), 707–717.

[15] Dao, T.P., Quyen, N.T.C., Nhi, T.T.Y., Nguyen, C.C., Nguyen, T.T., and Le, X.T., 2021, Response surface methodology for optimization studies of hydrodistillation of essential oil from pixie mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) peels, Pol. J. Chem. Technol., 23 (4), 26–34.

[16] Manaila, E., Berechet, M.D., Stelescu, M., Craciun, G., Mihaiescu, D.E., Purcareanu, B., Calinescu, I., Fudulu, A., and Radu, M., 2016, Comparation between chemical compositions of some essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from citrus peels, Rev. Chim., 67 (1), 106–112.

[17] Zoghbi, M., and Andrade, E., 2009, Chemical composition of the leaf, stem and fruit essential oils from Triphasia trifolia (Burm. f.) P. Wilson cultivated in North of Brazil, J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants, 12 (1), 81–86.

[18] Nhi, T.T.Y., Vu, N.D., Quyen, N.N., Thinh, P.V., Tho, N.T.M., and Truc, T.T., 2020, The effect of malt, pectin, and gelatin concentrations on elasticity, color and sensory evaluation of soursop (Annona muricata L.) jelly candy, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 991 (1), 012013.

[19] Hagos, Z., Mulugeta, A., Gopalakrishnan, V.K., Chaithanya K.K., and Nagaraju, B., 2017, Chemical composition and physicochemical properties of essential oil from Myrtus communis, Int. J. Pharm. Clin. Res., 9 (6), 439–443.

[20] Dao, T.P., Do, H.T., Le, Q.K., Gia Phap, N.V., Bach, L.G., Muoi, N.V., Cang, M.H., 2020, Kinetic studies on extraction of essential oil from lemongrass leaves (Cymbopogon citratus) by steam distillation industrial scale, Asian J. Chem., 32 (6), 1399–1403.

[21] Phat, D.T., Tuyen, K.C., Huynh, X.P., and Truc, T.T., 2020, Extraction process optimization and characterization of the pomelo (Citrus grandis L.) peel essential oils grown in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam, Nat. Volatiles Essent. Oils, 7 (4), 26–33.

[22] Dao, T.P., Tran, N.Q., Tran, T.T., and Lam, V.T., 2022, Assessing the kinetic model on extraction of essential oil and chemical composition from lemon peels (Citrus aurantifolia) by hydro-distillation process, Mater. Today: Proc., 51 (1), 172–177.

[23] Sedláková, J., Kocourková, B., Lojková, L., and Kubáň, V., 2011, The essential oil content in caraway species (Carum carvi L.), Hortic. Sci., 30 (2), 73‑79.

[24] Zhang, T., Yang, H., Wen, S., Qiu, F., and Liu, X., 2019, Effects of Harvest Season and Storage Time on the Essential Oil of the Linalool Chemotype of Cinnamomum camphora, J. Essent. Oil-Bear. Plants, 22 (5), 1379‑1385.

[25] Tran, T.H., Ngo, T.C.Q., Dao, T.P., Nguyen, P.T.N., Pham, T.N., Le, X.T., Vo, D.M.H., Minh, P.T.H., and Linh, H.T.K., 2020, Effect of microwaves energy on volatile compounds in pepper (Piper nigrum L.) leaves essential oil, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 736, 032013.

[26] dos Santos, R.P., Trevisan, M.T.S., Silveira, E.R., and Pessoa, O.D.L., and Melo, V.M.M., 2008, Composição química e atividade biológica das folhas e frutos de Triphasia trifolia, Quim. Nova, 31 (1), 53–58.

[27] Dao, T.P., Nguyen, T.V., Tran, T.Y.N., Le, X.T., An, T.N.T., Anh, N.H.T., and Bach, L.G., 2021, Central composite design, kinetic model, thermodynamics, and chemical composition of pomelo (Citrus Maxima (Burm.) Merr.) essential oil extraction by steam distillation, Processes, 9 (11), 2075.

[28] Arunkumar, R., Nair, S.A., Rameshumar, K.B., and Subramoniam, A., 2014, The essential oil constituents of Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers, and anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of the oil, Rec. Nat. Prod., 8 (4), 385–393.

[29] Anwar, S., Ahmed, N., Al Awwad, N., Ansari, S.Y., and Wagih, M.E., 2016, "Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) Oils" in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, Eds. Preedy, V.R., Academic Press, San Diego, US, 581‑592.

[30] Ezzat, S.M., El Bishbishy, M.H., El Kersh, D.M., Zayed, A., Salem, M.A., and Salama, M.M., 2021, "Herbal Cosmeticology" in Preparation of Phytopharmaceuticals for the Management of Disorders, Eds. Egbuna, C., Mishra, A.P., and Goyal, M.R., Academic Press, San Diego, US, 129‑168.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.70646

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2326 | views : 1442


Copyright (c) 2022 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.