Application of Poly(Ethyl Eugenyl Oxyacetate) Compounds as the Ions Carrier for Heavy Metals Separation and Separation of Fe and Ni in Ferronickel Using Liquid Membrane Transport Method

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.72486

La Harimu(1*), Sabirin Matsjeh(2), Dwi Siswanta(3), Sri Juari Santosa(4), Muhamad Jalil Baari(5)

(1) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jl. Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma, Anduonou, Kendari 93132, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, Jl. Pemuda, Kolaka 93511, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Poly(ethyl eugenyl oxyacetate) (PEEOA) had been synthesized for separating heavy metals like Fe(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Pb(II) by liquid membrane transport method. The effects of pH, ion carrier volume, stripping concentration, transport time, and metal ion concentration were investigated to obtain optimum conditions. Experimental results showed that optimum pH occurred at pH 4 for Fe(III) ions and pH 5 for others. Carrier volumes were optimum at 8.5 mL for Fe(III) and Pb(II) ions but 7.5 mL for others. The optimum concentrations of the stripping phase were 2 M for Fe(III) and Cu(II) ions, 1 M for Cr(III), Ni(II), Co(II) ions, and 0.5 M for Pb(II) ion. Transport times were optimum at 36 h for Fe(III) and Co(II) ions and 48 h for others. The optimum metal ion concentrations were 0.25 mM for Fe(III) and Cr(III) ions, while other ions were 0.1 mM. The response of PEEOA to Fe(III) ion was the best with selectivity order, Fe(III) > Cr(III) > Pb(II) > Cu(II) > Ni(II) > Co(II). PEEOA also could separate Fe and Ni in a ferronickel sample whose transport percents were 8.87 and 0.92%, respectively. Hence, PEEOA is reasonably effective as an ions carrier for separating metal ions individually or ionic mixture and also in a ferronickel compound.


Keywords


poly(ethyl eugenyloxyacetic acid); metal ion; transport; liquid membrane; ion carrier

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Minhas, F.T., Memon, S., Qureshi, I., Mujahid, M., and Bhanger, M.I., 2013, Facilitated kinetic transport of Cu(II) through a supported liquid membrane with calix[4]arene as a carrier, C. R. Chim., 16 (8), 742–751.

[2] Cay, S., Sayin, S., and Engin, M.S., 2020, Calix[4]arene embedded polyamide supported liquid membrane for separation of heavy metals from aqueous solutions, Turk. J. Agric. Food Sci. Technol., 8 (2), 387–391.

[3] El Batouti, M., Al-Harby, N.F., and Elewa, M.M., 2021, A review on promising membrane technology approaches for heavy metal removal from water and wastewater to solve water crisis, Water, 13 (22), 3241.

[4] Parhi, P.K., 2013, Supported liquid membrane principle and its practices: A short review, J. Chem., 2013, 618236.

[5] Nguyen, B.N.T., Thoburn, J.D., Grommet, A.B., Howe, D.J., Ronson, T.K., Ryan, H.P., Bolliger, J.L., and Nitschke, J.R., 2021, Coordination cages selectively transport molecular cargoes across liquid membranes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 143 (31), 12175–12180.

[6] Harimu, L., Matsjeh, S., Siswanta, D., and Santosa, S.J., 2009, Synthesis Polieugenyl oxiacetic acid as a carrier to separate heavy metal ion Fe(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Pb(II) using the extraction method, Indones. J. Chem., 9 (2), 261–266.

[7] Harimu, L., Matsjeh, S., Siswanta, D., and Santosa, S.J., 2010, Separation of Fe(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Pb(II) metal ions using poly(eugenyl oxyacetic acid) as an ion carrier by a liquid membrane transport method, Indones. J. Chem., 10 (1), 69–74.

[8] Harimu, L., Matsjeh, S., Siswanta, D., Santosa, S.J., and Sutapa, I.W., 2019, Synthesis of poly(ethyl eugenyl oxyacetate) as carrier for separation of heavy metal ions Fe(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Pb(II) using liquid-liquid extraction method, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1341, 032003.

[9] Arous, O., Saoud, F., Amara, M., and Kerdjoudj, H., 2011, Efficient facilitated transport of lead and cadmium across a plasticized triacetate membrane mediated by D2EHPA and TOPO, Mater. Sci. Appl., 2 (6), 615–623.

[10] Amini, M., Rahbar-Kelishami, A., Alipour, M., and Vahidi, O., 2018, Supported liquid membrane in metal ion separation: An overview, J. Membr. Sci. Res., 4 (3), 121–135.

[11] Ferencz, A., Grosu, A.R., Al-Ani, H.N.A., Nechifor, A.C., Tanczos, S.K., Albu, P.C., Crăciun, M.E., Ioan, M.R., Grosu, V.A., and Nechifor, G., 2022, Operational limits of the bulk hybrid liquid membranes based on dispersion systems, Membranes, 12 (2), 190.

[12] Abejón, R., Rabadán, J., Garea, A., and Irabien, A., 2020, Comparison of supported ionic liquid membranes and polymeric ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes for separation of lignin and monosaccharides, Membranes, 10 (2), 29.

[13] Mohebali, S., Nazari, M., Rahbar-Kelishami, A., and Davoodi-Nasab, P., 2017, Performance of sunflower oil as green solvent for Cr(VI) extraction using supported liquid membrane, Desalin. Water Treat., 64, 173–178.

[14] Mirea, C.M., Diaconu, I., Ruse, E., Serban, E.A., Clej, D.D., Popa, G.A., Popa, D.F., and Nechifor, G., 2016, The removal of heavy metals using the bulk liquid membrane technique, Prog. Cryog. Isot. Sep., 19 (1), 45–54.

[15] Alguacil, F.J., 2019, Facilitated chromium(VI) transport across an ionic liquid membrane impregnated with Cyphos IL102, Molecules, 24 (13), 2437.

[16] Manikandan, G.N., Bogeshwaran, K., Jamuna, P., and Sandhya, S., 2014, A review on emulsion liquid membranes on heavy metal separation, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 6 (9), 4328–4332.

[17] Albaraka, Z., 2019, Use of D2EHPA-mediated liquid membranes for heavy metal ions separation: A review, Rev. Roum. Chim., 64 (2), 113–124.

[18] Verma, B., Balomajumder, C., Sabapathy, M., and Gumfekar, S.P., 2021, Pressure-driven membrane process: A review of advanced technique for heavy metals remediation, Processes, 9 (5), 752.

[19] Gubari, M.Q., Abdulkarim, A.A., and Alekseeva, N.V., 2021, Diffusion permeability of cation-exchange membrane in different solutions, J. Ecol. Eng., 22 (8), 140–145.

[20] Nielen, W.M., Willott, J.D., Galicia, J.A.R., and de Vos, W.M., 2021, Effect of solution viscosity on the precipitation of PSaMA in aqueous phase separation-based membrane formation, Polymers, 13 (11), 1775.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.72486

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1637 | views : 877


Copyright (c) 2022 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.