Growth of Varied Ratio of Male-Female Mud Crab Scylla olivacea Maintained in Mangrove Area

Muhammad Yusri Karim(1*), Hasni Y. Azis(2), Muslimin Muslimin(3)

(1) Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
(2) Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
(3) Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep
(*) Corresponding Author


Mudcrab fattening is potential to develop in mangrove areas. The aim of the present study was to determine the best ratio of male and female in fattening of mud crab in the mangrove area. Research was conducted in the mangrove areas of Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi Province. Test animals used were mud crab S. olivacea male and female measuring weight of 250 ± 10 g and were stocked at a density of 10 animals/cage. The bamboo cages measuring length, width, and height of 1.0 x 1.0 x 1.0 m3 were placed in the mangrove areas. Feed used was trash fish at 10% of the biomass with the feeding frequency of two times a day ie morning (30%) and afternoon (70%). The study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications. The ratio of male and female crabs were 7:3; 6:4; 5:5; 4:6 and 3:7 crabs/cage, respectively. Results of analysis of variance showed that the treatment with the different ratio of male and female was not significant (p> 0.05) on the survival rate of crab, but was highly significant (p <0.01) on the absolute and daily growth rate. The resulting survival rate ranges from 93.33 to 100%, absolute growth and the highest daily growth rate of crabs produced at a ratio of males and females (7:3) and (6:4) crabs/cage ie: 56.99 and 1.35; 56.25 g and 1.36%/day, while the lowest was in the ratio (3:7) crabs/cage ie: 28.97 g and 0.73%/day.



crab; growth; ratio of male-female; survival

Full Text:



Changbo, Z., D. Shuanglin, W. Fang & H. Guoqiang. 2004. Effects of Na/K Ratio in Seawater on Growth and Energy Budget of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture, 234: 485-496.

Cholik, F. 2005. Review of mud crab culture research in Indonesia. Central Research Institute for Fisheries, Slipi, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Christensen, S.M., D.J. Macintosh & N.T. Phuong. 2005. Pond production of the mud crab Scylla paramamosain (Estampador) and S. olivacea (Herbst) in The Mekong Delta, Vietnam, using two different supplementary diets. Aqua. Res., 35: 1013-1024.

Karim, M.Y., H.Y. Azis, Muslimim & A.M. Tahya. 2016. Nutrient Content of Body and Growth as Physiological Responses of Mud Crab Scylla olivacea Reared Male Monosex in Mangrove. IJ Pharmtech Resear. 9(6):336-338.

Karim, M.Y. 2013. Kepiting Bakau (Scylla spp.) Bioekologi, Budidaya, dan Pembenihannya. Penerbit Yarsif Watampone, Jakarta.

Lee, S.Y., J.H. Primavera, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, K. McKee, J.O. Bosire, S. Cannicci, K. Diele, F. Fromard, N. N. Koedam, C. Marchand, I. Mendelssohn, N. Mukherjee & S. Record. 2014. Ecological role and services oftropical mangrove ecosystems: areassessment. Global Ecology and Biogeography, (GlobalEcol.Biogeogr.), 23:726–743

Mahato. 2008. A survey on performance of different feed for mud crab (Scylla serrata) fattening and hardening at Paikgacha, Khulna.Thesis. Magister Science in Aquaculture.Department of Aquaculture Bangladesh, Agrjcul Tural University, Mymensingh. (Unpublish).

Mirera, D.O. & P. O. Moksnes. 2014. Comparative performance of wild juvenile mudcrab (Scylla serrata) indifferent culture systems in East Africa: effectofshelter, crab size and stocking density. Aquacult Int. DOI 10.1007/s10499-0149805-3. Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Mirera, D.O. & A. Mtile. 2009. A preliminary study on the responseof mangrove mud crab (Scylla serrata) to different feed types underdrive - in cage culture system. Journal of Ecology and Natural Environment Vol.1(1),pp.007-014.

Okpiliya, F.I., E.B. Effiong, E. Imoke & I.Eja. 2013. Mangrove forest ecosystem utilization and depletion: implication for occupational changes In Calabar South, Nigeria. European Journal of Sustainable Development,2 (1):149-162.

Ong, J.E. & W.K. Gong. 2013. Structure, Function and Management of Mangrove Ecosystems. ISME Mangrove Educational Book Series No.2. International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), Okinawa, Japan, and International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Yokohama, Japan.

Pedapoli, S. & K.R. Ramudu. 2014. Effect of water quality parameters on growth and survivability of mud crab (Scylla tranquebarica) in grow out culture at Kakinada coast, Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Study, 2 (2): 163-166.

Peterson, B.D. & D.L. Mann. 2011. Mud crab aquaculture, in recent advances and new species in aquaculture (eds R. K. Fotedar and B. Phillips) p. 115-135, Willey Blackwall, Oxford, UK.

Sagala, L.S.S., M. Idris & M.N. Ibrahim. 2013. Perbandingan pertumbuhan kepiting bakau (Scylla serrata) jantan dan betina pada metode kurungan dasar. 2013. Jurnal Mina Laut Indonesia, 3: 46-54.

Shelley, C. 2008. Capture-based aquaculture of mud crab (Scylla spp.). Global overview. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 508. Rome, FAO. pp:255-269.

Shelley, C. & A. Lovatelli. 2011. Mud crab aquaculture. A practical manual. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Steel, R.G.D. & J.H. Torrie. 1993. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta.

Sunarti, Y., R.D. Soejoedono, N.L.P.I. Mayasari & A.M. Tahya. 2016. RNA expression of farnesoic acid O-methyltransferase in mandibular organ of intermolt and premolt mud crabs Scylla olivacea. AACL Bioflux. 9(2):270-275.

Tahya, A.M. 2016. Kajian organ mandibular dan pemanfaatannya sebagai stimulan molting kepiting bakau Scylla olivacea. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor (ID). 76 hal.

Tahya, A.M., M. Zairin Jr., A. Boediono, I.M. Artika & M.A. Suprayudi. 2016. Important role of mandibular organ in molting, growth, and survival of mud crab Scylla olivacea. IJ Chemtech Resear. 9(12): 529-533.

Tahya, A.M., M. Zairin Jr., A. Boediono, I.M. Artika & M.A. Suprayudi. 2016. Expression of RNA encode FAMeT in mandibular organ of mud crabs Scylla olivacea. IJ Pharmtech Resear. 9(3):219-223.

Trino, A.T., O.M. Millamena & C. P. Keenan. 2001. Pond culture of mud crab Scylla serrata (Forsskal) fed formulated diet with vitamin and mineral supplements. Proceeding of the International Forum on the culture of portunoid crabs. Asian Fisheries Science, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines,14(2001):191-200.

Wijaya, N.I., F. Yulianda, M. Boer & S. Juwana. 2010. Biologi populasi kepiting bakau (Scylla serrata F.) di habitat mangrove Taman Nasional Kutai Kabupaten Kutai Timur. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 36(3): 439-456.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2972 | views : 7407


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Fisheries Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).


View My Stats