OPTIMASI PEMBERIAN PAKAN BUATAN PADA PENDEDERAN IKAN PATIN (Pangasionodon hypohpthalmus) DI KOLAM YANG DIPUPUK

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.8927

Evi Tahapari(1*), Didik Ariyanto(2), Bambang Gunadi(3)

(1) Loka Riset Pemuliaan dan Teknologi Budidaya Perikanan Air Tawar
(2) Loka Riset Pemuliaan dan Teknologi Budidaya Perikanan Air Tawar
(3) Loka Riset Pemuliaan dan Teknologi Budidaya Perikanan Air Tawar
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research aimed to know the optimum formulated feeding patin (Pangasionodon hypohpthalmus) in the fingerling rearing in the fertilized pond. The fish seed were stocked in the fifteen cages of 3x2x1.25 m that were installed in the 50 m2 pond. Each cage was stocked with 600 fish with an average initial weight of 0.37 g and average body length of 2-3 cm. The treatments applied in this research were (A) without formulated feed, (B) 5% of biomass of formulated feed, (C) 10% of biomass of formulated feed, (D) 15% of biomass of formulated feed and (E) 20% of biomass of formulated feed. The protein level of the formulated feed was around 40%. The observations focused on the survival rates of fish, feed conversion ratios, body weight and length. The results showed that there were significant differences among fish treatments on the survival rates, feed conversion, weight and length growth (P<0,05). The survival rates of fish of the treatment A, B, C, D and E were 78.10%, 84.39%, 83.78%, 90.83% and 90.33%, respectively. The feed conversion of the feed given treatments i.e. B, C, D and E were 0.35, 0.62, 0.89 and 1.15, respectively. The weight growth during observation period (6 weeks) were 5.63 g, 15.29 g, 23.37 g, 39.17 g and 42.13 g for the treatments A, B, C, D and E, respectively, while the length increment for those treatments were 4.63 cm, 7.81 cm, 8.91 cm 1.5 cm and 11.05 cm, respectively. The water quality parameters were in the suitable range for fish growth.


Keywords


formulated feeding, fingerling rearing, Pangasionodon hypohpthalmus, fertilized ponds

Full Text:

PDF


References

Boyd, C.E. 1979. Water quality in warmwater Fishpond. Departement of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculturist, Auburn University Alabama, p:70-73.

Brett, J.R. dan T.D.D. Grove. 1979. Physiological Energetics. Dalam W.S. Hoar, P.J. Randal and J.R. Brett, (eds). Fish Physiology. Vol VIII. Academic Press. London.

Effendi, M.I. 1979. Metode Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Dewi Sri, Bogor. 112pp.

Halver, J. E. 1972. Fish Nutrition. Academic Prees, London and New York. 713p.

Hardjamulia, A., T.H. Prihadi dan Subagyo. 1987. Pengaruh salinitas terhadap pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup ikan jambal siam (Pangasius sutchi). Bull. Penel. Perik. Darat. 5(1): 111 – 117.

Huet, M. 1972. Text book of fish culture, breeding and cultivation of fish. Fishing news (book) Ltd., London. 436 p.

Maesaroh, E. 2004. Berbagai Tingkat Pemberian Pakan pada Ikan Patin (Pangasius hypohpthalmus) dalam Karamba di Sungai Ciomas, Bogor. Skripsi. Departemen Budidaya Perairan. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Nestle, M. 1984. Nutrisi In: D. W. Martin. J. R., P. A. Mayes, V. W. Rodwell (Eds.). Biokimia. EGC. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran, Jakarta. hal: 655 – 676

NRC. 1977. Nutrient Requirements of warmwater Fishes. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 71p.

Pescod, M.D., 1973. Investigation of national affluence and stream standard for trofical countries. AIT P.O. Box 2754 Bangkok. Thailand U.S Army Research and Development Group. Far East APO San Francisco 96343. 59 pp.

Steel, R.G. and J.H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan prosedur Statistik Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik Edisi 2. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Utami, R., E. Tahapari dan N. Suhenda 2003. Pengaruh jumlah pemberian pakan alami (Moina sp.) dan lama (hari) pemberiannya terhadap pertumbuhan dan sintasan benih ikan patin jambal (Pangasius djambal). Seminal hasil penelitian perikanan BRPBAT. Bogor, Desember 2003. 9 hal.

Wheatherley, A.H. 1972. Growth and cology of Fish Population. Academic Press, London, New York. 260p

Van der Wall, E.J. and J.A. Nell, 1986. Effect of Food Concentration on the Survival and Growth of Australian Bass (Macquaria novemaculeata) larvae. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 48 : 202-204.

Varicul, V. and C. Sritongsak, 1980. A Review of induced finfish breeding practices in Thailand: Presented at the IDRC Workshop on induced Fish Breeding, Singapore, nov. 25-18, 1980.

Zonneveld, N., E.A. Huisman and J.H. Boon. 1991. Prinsip-prinsip Budidaya Ikan. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta. 318 hal.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.8927

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 679 | views : 1714

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Fisheries Sciences



Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Indexed by:

 

 

View My Stats