Determination of cation exchange capacity and cation available analysis on hemic and sapric peat with different preparation and extraction methods

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.52411

Mirna Anriani Siregar(1), Azwar Maas(2*), Makruf Nurudin(3)

(1) Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


It is considered that the use of mineral soil analysis procedures on peat soils is unsuitable. Peat soil is vulnerable to disturbance which leads to the damage of peat inert structure, such as the sifting and drying process. The objective of this study is to obtain the proper methods of preparation and extraction to be used on peat soils that can reflect the conditions on field. The experiment was carried out in the laboratory of UGM Soil Science Department, by using the peat soil samples taken from Pulau Padang, Riau. The factorial randomized block design of 3 factors was applied. The first factor was the peat soil preparation, consisting of original soil (Hydrophilic), air-dried soil (Hydrophobic) and impacted air-dried soil. The second factor was the extraction method, consisting of shaking and leaching. The third factor was the level of peat maturity, consisting of hemic and sapric. The parameters observed included the available cation and peat CEC. The results showed no real effect of the treatment interactions toward each parameter observed. The preparation method for original soil on each level of peat maturity reflected more of the physical condition on the field more than the other methods. The level of peat maturity, sapric peat more significant effect on cations and CEC. After being converted to BD values in each level of peat maturity, the result of the leaching extraction method showed that the value of available cation and CEC that reflected more of the value on the field.

Keywords


Peat Soil, hydrophobicity, shaking, leaching



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.52411

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