Cover Image

The application of rock phosphate increases the growth and yield of rice on acid sulphate soil of South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Suriyanti Ahmad(1), Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami(2*), Azwar Ma'as(3), Wahida Annisa Yusuf(4), Husnain Husnain(5)

(1) Post Graduate School, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Departement of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Departement of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no.1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Indonesian Swampland Agricultural Research Institute (ISARI) Jln. Kebun Karet, Lok Tabat, Banjarbaru 70712
(5) Indonesian Centre for Agricultural Land Resource Research Development (ICALRD) Jln. Ir. H. Juanda No. 98 Bogor 16123, West Java
(*) Corresponding Author


A swampland has considerable potential in agriculture. This land has high soil acidity level, and high iron content. Therefore, the application of ameliorant to acid sulfate soil is essential to improve the soil and make it more suitable for rice cultivation. This study aimed to know the effects of phosphorus (P) from Moroccan Rock Phosphate (MRP) and fertilization on swamp rice (Oryza sativa L.). The experiment was conducted at the experimental location of Indonesian Swampland Agricultural Research Institute (ISARI), Puntik Village, Barito Kuala District, South Kalimantan and arranged in a randomized nested design consisting of 100 kg.ha-1 TSP (Control), 750 kg.ha-1, 1,000 kg.ha-1, and 1,250 kg.ha-1 Moroccan rock phosphate with four replications in each treatment.  The yield component of grain increased significantly at 3.77 ton.ha-1. The highest of grain yield was obtained in the application of 1,000 kg.ha-1 MRP. Meanwhile, significant positive correlation was observed between plant height and the number of spikelets per panicle. The application of phosphate fertilizer can increase soil pH, which affects the growth and yield of rice plants such as plant height and yield.


Acid sulphate soil; rock phosphate; grain yield; growth; rice

Full Text:



Annisa, W., Cahyana, D., Syahbuddin, H., and Rachman, A. (2017). Laboratory study of methane flux from acid sulphate soil in South Kalimantan. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 209, pp. 012089.

Annisa, W. and Nursyamsi, D. (2017). Iron dynamics and its relation to soil redox potential and plant growth in acid sulphate soil of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 17(1), pp. 1-8.

Azman, E.A., Shamshuddin, J., and Fauziah, C.I. (2011). Root elongation, root surface area and organic acid by rice seedling under Al 3+ and/or H+ stress. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 6(3), pp. 324-331.

Bacelo, H., Pintor, A.M.A., Santos, S.C.R., Boaventura, R.A.R., and Botelho, C.M.S. (2020). Performance and prospects of different adsorbents for phosphorus uptake and recovery from water. Chemical Engineering Journal, 381, pp. 1-18.

Delgado, A., Del Campillo, M.d.C., and Torrent, J. (2010). Limitations of the Olsen method to assess plant-available phosphorus in reclaimed marsh soils. Soil Use and Management, 26(2), pp. 133-140.

Dent, D.L. and Pons, L.J. (1995). A world perspective on acid sulphate soils. Geoderma, 67(3–4), pp. 263-276.

Ditta, A., Muhammad, J., Imtiaz, M., Mehmood, S., Qian, Z., and Tu, S. (2018). Aplication of rock phosphate enriched composts increases nodulation, growth and yield of chickpea. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 7(1), pp. 33–40.

Gustafsson, J. P., Mwamila, L.B., and Kergoat, K. (2012). The pH dependence of phosphate sorption and desorption in Swedish agricultural soils. Geoderma, 189–190, pp. 304-311.

Hendershot, W., Lalande, H., and Duquette, M. (2007). Soil Reaction and Exchangeable Acidity. In: M.R. Carter, E.G. Gregorich. Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, 2nd Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp. 173–178.

Khairullah, I. and Koesrini. (2020). Peningkatan produktivitas padi di lahan sulfat masam melalui pengendalian keracunan besi. In: Masganti, M. Noor, R.S. Simatupang, M. Alwi, Mukhlis, E. Maftu'ah, H, Sosiawan, eds., Optimasi Lahan Rawa Akselerasi Menuju Lumbung Pangan Dunia 2045. Jakarta: IAARD Press, pp. 143-158.

Lesik, S.A. (2009). Applied statistical inference with MINITAB®. New York: Chapman and Hall/CRC, pp. 496

Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA Soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42(3), pp. 421-428.

Masni, Z. and Wasli, M.E. (2019). Yield performance and nutrient uptake of red rice variety (MRM 16) at different NPK fertilizer rates. International Journal of Agronomy, 2019, pp. 1-6.

Nishigaki, T., Sugihara, S., Kobayashi, K., Hashimoto, Y., Kilasara, M., Tanaka, H., Watanabe, T., and Funakawa, S. (2018). Fractionation of phosphorus in soils with different geological and soil physicochemical properties in southern Tanzania. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 64(3), pp. 291-299.

Nishigaki, T., Tsujimoto, Y., Rinasoa, S., Rakotoson, T., Andriamananjara, A., and Razafimbelo, T. (2019). Phosphorus uptake of rice plants is affected by phosphorus forms and physicochemical properties of tropical weathered soils. Plant and Soil, 435, pp. 27–38.

Noonari, S., Kalhoro, S., Ali, A., Mahar, A., Raza, R., Ahmed, M., Shah, S.F.A., and Baloch, S.U. (2016). Effect of different levels of phosphorus and method of application on the growth and yield of wheat. Natural Science, 8(7), 305-314.

Noor, M. and Maftuah, E. (2020). Program SERASI sebagai jalan menuju lumbung panan dunia tahun 2045. In: Masganti et al., eds., Optimasi Lahan Rawa Akselerasi Menuju Lumbung Pangan Dunia 2045. Jakarta: IAARD Press, pp. 3-21.

Okalebo, J.R, Gathua, K.W., and Woomer, P.L. (2002). Laboratory methods of soil and plant analysis: a working manual, 2nd edition. Kenya: SACRED Africa, pp. 22-26.

Reed, S. and Martens, D. (1996) . Methods of soil analysis Part 3—Chemical methods. Madison: SSSC, ASA., pp. 961-1011

Schmitter, P., Dercon, G., Hilger, T., Ha, T.L., Thanh, H., Lam, N., Vien, T.D., and Cadisch, G. (2010). Sediment induced soil spatial variation in paddy fields of Northwest Vietnam. Geoderma, 155(3-4), pp. 298-307.

Shamshuddin, J., Azman, E.A., Shazana, M.A.R.S., Fauziah, C.I., Panhwar, Q.A., and Naher, U.A. (2014). Properties and management of acid sulfate soils in Southeast Asia for sustainable cultivation of rice, oil palm, and cocoa. Advances in Agronomy, 124, pp. 91-142.

Shamshuddin, J., Muhrizal, S., Fauziah, I., and Van Ranst, E. (2004). A laboratory study of pyrite oxidation in acid sulfate soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 35(1-2), pp. 117-129.

Shamshuddin, J., Azman, E.A., Sazana, M.A.R.S., and Fauziah, I.C. (2013). Rice defense mechanisms against the presence of excess amount of Al3+ and Fe2+ in the water. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 40(2), pp. 225-246

Soil Survey Staff. (2014). Keys to soil taxonomy, 12th ed. USA: Natural Resources Conservation Service, pp. 31-33

Sosiawan, H., Masganti, and Anwar, K. (2020). Teknologi budidaya padi hemat tenaga dan waktu di lahan rawa pasang surut. In: Masganti et al., eds., Optimasi Lahan Rawa Akselerasi Menuju Lumbung Pangan Dunia 2045. Jakarta: IAARD Press, pp. 159-178.

Sugihara, S., Funakawa, S., Nishigaki, T., Kilasara, M., and Kosaki, T. (2012). Dynamics of fractionated P and P budget in soil under different land management in two Tanzanian croplands with contrasting soil textures. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 162, pp. 101-107.

Ye, T., Li, Y., Zhang, J., Hou, W., Zhou, W., Lu, J., Xing, Y., and Li, X. (2019). Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilization affects the flowering time of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Global Ecology and Conservation, 20, pp. e00753.

Yu, H., Zou, W., Chen, J., Chen, H., Yu, Z., Huang, J., Tang, H., Wei, X., and Gao, B. (2019). Biochar amendment improves crop production in problem soils: A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 232, pp. 8-21.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2539 | views : 1566


  • There are currently no refbacks.