Distribution of macronutrients (N, P, K, Mg) from single-nutrient and compound fertilizers application in oil palm seedlings (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.60205

Eko Noviandi Ginting(1*), Suroso Rahutomo(2), Rana Farrasati(3), Iput Pradiko(4)

(1) Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute Jl. Brigjen Katamso No. 51 Medan 20158, Sumatra Utara
(2) Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute Jl. Brigjen Katamso No. 51 Medan 20158, Sumatra Utara
(3) Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute Jl. Brigjen Katamso No. 51 Medan 20158, Sumatra Utara
(4) Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute Jl. Brigjen Katamso No. 51 Medan 20158, Sumatra Utara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Nutrients availability and plant's ability to absorb nutrients are essential factors in supporting plant performance. There are two forms of fertilizer as a source of nutrients for oil palm, which are single-nutrient fertilizer (SNF) and briquette compound-nutrient fertilizer (BCNF). This study observed the concentration, uptake, distribution, and efficiency of macronutrients in plant organs of oil palm seedlings with two different fertilizer types. This study was conducted at the Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute (IOPRI) in January-June 2015. An experiment using oil palm seedlings was arranged in non-factorial complete randomized design (CRD) with three treatments, namely control, NPK in the form of briquettes, and single nutrient fertilizer consisting of urea, TSP, MOP, and Kieserite with doses adjusting the composition of the slow-release BCNF (16-10-24-0.75) in three replications with a total of 27 seedlings. The results showed that the concentration, uptake, and distribution of nutrients between treatments and controls were not significantly different. The order of nutrient uptake in leaves and stems of plants was N > K > Mg and P, while in roots was K > N > Mg > P. In BCNF and SNF treatment, the highest biomass accumulation was in the stems, roots, and leaves with a composition of 41 %, 30 %, and 29 %, while the highest biomass for control was in the roots, stems, and leaves with biomass percentage of 39 %, 33 %, and 28 %, respectively. BCNF treatment had a greater efficiency indicated by a higher NUE value compared to SNF or control.


Keywords


inorganic fertilizer; nutrient distribution; nutrient stoichiometry; oil palm



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.60205

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