Cover Image

Adsorption and release of soil P in andisols under organic and conventional vegetable farming system

Aridinasty Maritasari(1), Benito Heru Purwanto(2*), Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami(3)

(1) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora no. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Phosphorous (P) is strongly adsorbed by soil components, such as soil organic matter and soil amorphous minerals in Andisols, which have been identified as an influential factor in adsorption and release of soil P. The aim of this study was to characterize the pattern of soil P adsorption and release in both organic and conventional vegetable farming systems in Merbabu Mountain area, Indonesia. Soil samples were collected from soil layers (0 cm to 20 cm and 20 cm to 40 cm) in organic and conventional farming systems. The result showed that the highest adsorption rate was found in organic farming systems at a depth of 20 cm to 40 cm. The lowest adsorption rate was found in conventional farming systems with low input of organic matter at a depth of 20 cm to 40 cm. A higher rate of P release was also found in organic farming systems with a low input of organic matter. It can be concluded that vegetable soils in organic farming systems are not only highly capable of adsorbing P but also capable of releasing P rapidly.


andisols; conventional farming system; organic farming system; soil depth; soil organic matter

Full Text:



Ahmed, W., Jing, H., Kailou, L., Ali, S., Tianfu, H., Geng, S., Jin,C., Qaswar,M., Jiangxue, D., Mahmood, S., Maitlo, A.A., Khan, Z.H., Zhang, H., and Chen, D.Y. (2021) Impacts of long-term inorganic and organic fertilization on phosphorus adsorption and desorption characteristics in red paddies in southern China. PLoS ONE., 16(1), e0246428.

Antelo, J., Arce, F., Avena, M., Fiol, S., Lopez,R., and Macias, F. (2007). Adsorption of a soil humic acid at the surface of goethite and its competitive interaction with phosphate. Geodema, 138(1-2), pp.12-19.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. (2009). Petunjuk Teknis Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air dan Pupuk. 2nd ed. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah, pp. 234

Bhadha, J.H., Samira, H.D., and Lang, T.A. (2012). Effect of kinetic control, soil: solution ratio, electrolyte cation, and others, on equilibrium phosphorus contration. Geoderma, 173-174, pp. 209-2014.

Bortoluzzi, E.C., Pereez, C.A.S., Ardisso, J.D., Tiecer, T., and Caner, L. (2015). Occurrence of iron and aluminum sesquioxides and their implications for the p sorption in subtropical soils. Applied Clay Science, 104, pp.196-204.

Budiasa, I. W. (2014). Organic farming as an innovative farming system development model toward sustainable agriculture in Bali. Asian Jurnal of Agriculture and Development, 11(1), pp. 65-75.

Debicka, M., Kocowicz, A., Weber, J., and Jamroz, E. (2016). Organic matter effects on phosphorus sorption in sandy soils. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 62(6), pp. 840–855.

Gérard, F. (2016). Clay minerals, iron/aluminum oxides and their contribution to phosphate sorption in soils - a myth revisited. Geoderma, 262, pp. 213–226.

Guppy, C.N., Menzies, N.W., Moody, P.W., and Blamey, F.P. C. (2005). Competitive sorption reactions between phosphorus and organic matter in soil. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 43(2), pp. 189-202

Hanudin, E., Sukmawati, S.T., Radjagukguk, B., and Yuwono, N.W. (2014). The effect of humic acid and silicic acid on P adsorption by amorphous minerals. Procedia Enviromental Sciences, 20, pp. 402 – 409.

Herencia, J.F., Garcia-Galavis, P.A., and Maqueda, C. (2011). Long-term effect of organic and mineral fertilization on soil physical properties under greenhouse and outdoor management practices. Pedosphere, 21(4), pp. 443–453.

Hiradate, S. and Uchida, N. (2004). Effects of soil organic matter on pH-dependent phosphate sorption by soils. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 50(5), pp. 665–675.

Kumari, K., Singh, A., Nazir, G., Kumar, P., and Shukla, A.K. (2017). Adsorption and desorption of boron in cultivated soils of cemichal pradesh. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 5(6), pp. 1712-1716.

Liu, S., Meng, J., Jiang, L., Yang, X., Lan, Y., Cheng, X., and Chen, W. (2017). Rice husk biochar impacts soil phosphorous availability, phosphatase activities and bacterial community characteristics in three different soil types. Applied Soil Ecology, 116, pp. 12–22.

Stutter, M.I., Shand, C.A., George, T.S., Blackwell, M.S.A., Bol, R., Mackay, R.L., Richardason, A.E., Condron, L.M., Turner, B.L., and Haygarth, P.M. (2012). Recovering phosphorus form soil: a root solution. Environment, Science and Technology, 46, pp. 1977–1978

Sukarman and Dariah, A. (2014). Andosol in Indonesia: characteristics, potential, constraints and management for agriculture. 1st ed. Bogor: Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources. pp. 144.

Sukmawati, S.T. (2011). Jerapan P pada andisol yang berkembang dari tuff vulkan beberapa gunung api di Jawa Tengah dengan pemberiaan asam humat dan asam silikat. Media Litbang Sulteng, 4(1), pp. 30-36

Suntoro (2003). Peranan bahan organik terhadap kesuburan tanah dan upaya pengelolahannya. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Ilmu Kesuburan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Van, D.S.C., Van Middelkoop, J.C., and Ehlert, P.A.I. (2017). Changes in soil phosphorus poolsof grasslands following 17YRS of balanced application of manure and fertilizer. Soil Use and Management, 33(1), pp. 2–12.

Velasquez, G., Calab-Floodyi M., Poblete-Grant, P., Rumpel, R., Demanet, R., Condron, L., and Mora, M.L. (2016). Fertilizers effect on phosphorus fractions and organic matter in andisol. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 16(2). pp. 294-304.

Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., and He, Y., (2012). Effect of soil matrix components on phosphate sorption index in red soil. Acta Pedol., Sin., 49, pp. 552–559 (In Chinese).

Wang, S.Q. and Wang, E.L. (2011). Desorption characteristics of phosphorus from different used sandy soil in western Liao River Basin. Res. Environment Science, 24, pp. 756–762 (In Chinese).

Wang, L. and Liang, T. (2014). Effects of exogenous rare earth elements on phosphorus adsorption and desorption in different types of soils. Chemosphere, 103, pp. 148–155.

Wu, Q., Zhang, S., Zhu, P., Huang, S., Wang, B., Zhao, L.P., and Xu, M. (2017). Characterizing differences in the phosphorus activation coefficient of three typical cropland soils and the influencing factors under longterm fertilization. PLoS One, 12(5), e0176437.

Yan, X., Wang, D., Zhang, H., Zhang, G., and Wei, Z. (2013). Organic amendments affect phosphorus sorption characteristics in a paddy soil. Agriculture, Ecosystem & Environment, 175, pp. 47–53.

Yang, X., Chen, X., and Yang. X. (2019). Effect of organic matter on phosphorus adsorption and desorption in a black soil from Northeast China. Elsevier, 187, pp. 85-91

Zajícová, K. and Chuman, T. (2019). Effect of land use on soil chemical properties after 190 years of forest to agricultural land conversion. Soil and Water Research, 14, pp.121-131.

Zhu, J., Li, M., and Whelan, M. (2018). Phosphorus activators contribute to legacy phosphorus availability in agricultural soils: A review. Sci. Total Environ., 612, pp. 522–537.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 542 | views : 423


  • There are currently no refbacks.