Pemberdayaan Orang Tua tentang Alih Teknologi Bayam terhadap Status Gizi Balita Era Pandemi COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.71330

Ari Damayanti Wahyuningrum(1*), Abdul Qodir(2)

(1) Airlangga University STIKES Widyagama Husada
(2) STIKES Widyagama Husada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Prinsip keragaman makanan merupakan upaya pencegahan anemia pada balita. Upaya pemenuhan gizi mikronutrien dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan bayam yang mengandung zat besi dan dimodifikasi menjadi makanan yang disukai balita melalui pemberdayaan orang tua.

Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan orang tua tentang alih teknologi bayam terhadap status gizi balita.

Metode: Rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Jumlah populasi sebanyak 300 orang tua balita, dengan 171 sampel yang diseleksi dengan purposive sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji chi square.

Hasil: Pemberdayaan orang tua yang meliputi tingkat pengetahuan orang tua yang baik dengan status gizi anak baik sebesar 94,2%, sedangkan tingkat pengetahuan orang tua yang kurang dengan status gizi anak lebih sebesar 50%. Orang tua yang suka menyajikan makanan berbahan dasar bayam secara bervariasi dengan status gizi anak baik sebesar 99,3%, sedangkan orang tua yang tidak suka menyajikan makanan berbahan dasar bayam secara bervariasi dengan status gizi anak lebih sebesar 100%. Sikap orang tua yang mendukung dengan status gizi anak baik sebesar 99,1%, sedangkan sikap orang tua yang tidak mendukung dengan status gizi anak lebih sebesar 100%.

Kesimpulan: Nilai p-value=0,001 berarti bahwa terdapat pengaruh signifikan pemberdayaan orang tua terhadap status gizi balita.


Keywords


Pemberdayaan orang tua; Alih teknologi; Status gizi balita

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ahmad, A., Madanijah, S., Dwiriani, C. M., & Kolopaking, R. (2020). Effect of nutrition education and multi-nutrient biscuit interventions on nutritional and iron status: A cluster randomized control trial on undernourished children aged 6–23 months in Aceh, Indonesia. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, 66, S380–S390. https://doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.66.S380

Arnold, A. P. (2017). A general theory of sexual differentiation. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 95(1–2), 291–300. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.23884

Bell, Z., Scott, S., Visram, S., Rankin, J., Bambra, C., & Heslehurst, N. (2021). Food insecurity and the nutritional health and well-being of women and children in high-income countries: protocol for a qualitative systematic review. BMJ Open, 11(8), e048180. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048180

Costa, J. H., Mohanapriya, G., Bharadwaj, R., Noceda, C., Thiers, K. L. L., Aziz, S., Srivastava, S., Oliveira, M., Gupta, K. J., Kumari, A., Sircar, D., Kumar, S. R., Achra, A., Sathishkumar, R., Adholeya, A., & Arnholdt-Schmitt, B. (2021). ROS/RNS Balancing, Aerobic Fermentation Regulation and Cell Cycle Control – a Complex Early Trait (‘CoV-MAC-TED’) for Combating SARS-CoV-2-Induced Cell Reprogramming. Frontiers in Immunology, 12(July), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2021.673692

Dadzie, L. K., Amo-Adjei, J., & Esia-Donkoh, K. (2021). Women empowerment and minimum daily meal frequency among infants and young children in Ghana: analysis of Ghana demographic and health survey. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11753-1

Gao, W., He, D., Ji, F., Zhang, S., & Zheng, J. (2020). Effects of daily light integral and LED spectrum on growth and nutritional quality of hydroponic spinach. Agronomy, 10(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081082

Hsiao, Y. J., Higgins, K., & Diamond, L. (2018). Parent Empowerment: Respecting Their Voices. Teaching Exceptional Children, 51(1), 43–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040059918790240

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 1–582.

Ketcher, D., Bidelman, A., Le, L. Q., Otto, A. K., Lester, D. K., Amtmann-Beuttner, K. K., Gonzalez, B. D., Wright, K. L., Vadaparampil, S. T., Reblin, M., & Lau, E. K. (2021). Partnering patients, caregivers, and basic scientists: an engagement model that fosters patient- and family-centered research culture. Translational Research, 227, 64–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trsl.2020.07.013

Krajcar, N., Marić, L. S., Šurina, A., Filipović, S. K., Trkulja, V., Roglić, S., & Tešović, G. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical features of Croatian children and adolescents with a PCR-confirmed coronavirus disease 2019: Differences between the first and second epidemic wave. Croatian Medical Journal, 61(6), 491–500. https://doi.org/10.3325/CMJ.2020.61.491

Łuszczki, E., Bartosiewicz, A., Pezdan-śliż, I., Kuchciak, M., Jagielski, P., Oleksy, Ł., Stolarczyk, A., & Dereń, K. (2021). Children’s eating habits, physical activity, sleep, and media usage before and during COVID-19 pandemic in Poland. Nutrients, 13(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072447

Makiyah, S. N. N., & Risdiana, N. (2021). Peningkatan Sistem Imun Keluarga Di Era Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Empathy Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 7–14.

Mantadakis, E., Chatzimichael, E., & Zikidou, P. (2020). Iron deficiency anemia in children residing in high and low-income countries: Risk factors, prevention, diagnosis and therapy. Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases, 12. https://doi.org/10.4084/MJHID.2020.041

Moding, K. J., Ferrante, M. J., Bellows, L. L., Bakke, A. J., Hayes, J. E., & Johnson, S. L. (2018). Variety and content of commercial infant and toddler vegetable products manufactured and sold in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(4), 576–583. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx079

Nicodemo, M., Spreghini, M. R., Manco, M., Sforza, R. W., & Morino, G. (2021). Childhood obesity and COVID-19 lockdown: Remarks on eating habits of patients enrolled in a food-education program. Nutrients, 13(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020383

Noh, E., & Khang, Y. H. (2021). Analysis of factors contributing to occupational health inequality in Korea: a cross-sectional study using nationally representative survey data. Archives of Public Health, 79(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-021-00638-9

Ntambara, J., & Chu, M. (2021). The risk to child nutrition during and after COVID-19 pandemic: What to expect and how to respond. Public Health Nutrition, 24(11), 3530–3536. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980021001610

Nzivo, M. M., & Budambula, N. L. M. (2021). Mutations and Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 Compared to Selected Corona Viruses during the First Six Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 15(2), 524–533. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.2.19

Onyeneho, N. G., Ozumba, B. C., & Subramanian, S. V. (2019). Determinants of Childhood Anemia in India. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52793-3

Rowland, A., Smith, S. J., & Lowrey, K. A. (2021). Connecting Evidence-Based Writing Strategies With Readily Available Technology Solutions. Teaching Exceptional Children, 53(3), 253–255. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040059920954778

Santrock, J. W. (2018). Essentials of life-span development.

Survey, C.-P. A. C., Stephens, L., Rains, C., & Benjamin-neelon, S. E. (2021). Connecting Families to Food Resources amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Early Care and Education Providers in Two U.S. States.

Wahyuningrum, A. D., Arum, I., & Satiti, D. (2021). Alih Teknologi Olahan Bayam Merah Sebagai Food Suplemen Balita Kepada Kader Poli Urban (Posyandu Balita Perkotaan). Media Husada Journal of Community Service, 1(2), 74–78. https://ojs.widyagamahusada.ac.id

Windiani, I. G. A. T., Agustini, N. K. W., Adnyana, I. G. A. N. S., Soetjiningsih, S., & Murti, N. L. S. P. (2021). The association between nutritional status and risk of developmental disorder in children in Denpasar Bali Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9, 687–691. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.6474

Zemrani, B., Gehri, M., Masserey, E., Knob, C., & Pellaton, R. (2021). A hidden side of the COVID-19 pandemic in children: the double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition. International Journal for Equity in Health, 20(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-021-01390-w



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.71330

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 533 | views : 678

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


site
stats View My Stats