Uji Tingkat Penerimaan Masyarakat terhadap Teknologi GAMA Rain Filter dengan Metode “UTAUT” dan Perbandingan Kualitas Air Hujan dengan Air Sumur Penduduk

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.76934

Agus Maryono(1*), Andri Prasetyo Nugroho(2), Agus Prasetyo(3), Pratama Tirza Surya Sembada(4)

(1) Departemen Teknik Sipil, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Teknik Lingkungan, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Proklamasi, Yogyakarta
(3) Departemen Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Departemen Teknik Sipil, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Kebutuhan air bersih di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) meningkat disebabkan peningkatan jumlah penduduk. Pemerintah DIY membantu penduduk sebanyak 59 instalasi pemanen air hujan GAMA Rainfilter

Tujuan: Mengetahui faktor dominan pada penerimaan masyarakat (Behavioral Intention) terhadap bantuan alat GAMA Rainfilter dan menganalisis kualitas air hujan pada GAMA Rainfilter dibanding dengan air sumur penduduk.

Metode: Penelitian crossectional dilakukan pada 59 intalasi GAMA Rainfilter dan masyarakat pengguna. Evaluasi tingkat penerimaan masyarakat terhadap GAMA Rainfilter menggunakan Model Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) yang terdiri dari (Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy, Social Influence, dan atau Facilitating Condition). Kualitas air hujan yang diuji di Laboratorium BTKLPP, Yogyakarta, dibandingkan dengan kualitas air sumur dari data DLHK Yogyakarta.

Hasil: Effort Expectancy (kemudahan membuat, memasang, mengoperasikan, dan memelihara) berpengaruh mederat-dominan terhadap Behavior Intension (p = 0,005), sedangkan Performance Expectancy, Social Influence, and Facilitating Conditions tidak berpengaruh signifikan. Kualitas fisik, kimia, dan biologi air hujan secara umum pada 5 kabupaten di Provinsi DIY  lebih baik dibanding air sumur.

Kesimpulan: Instalasi GAMA Rainfilter dapat diterima masyarakat karena faktor Effort Expectancy dan air hujan mempunyai kualitas fisika, kimia dan biologi lebih baik dari air sumur. Air hujan dapat dipakai sebagai alternatif air bersih dan air minum yang secara berkelanjutan dapat meningkatkan kesehatan masyarakat.


Keywords


GAMA Rain Filter; Penerimaan Masyarakat; Metode UTAUT; Kualitas Air Hujan; Kualitas Air Sumur

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.76934

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