Hubungan Motivasi Berprestasi dan Perhatian terhadap Proses Kognitif pada Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Maluku

Nurlaila Marasabessy(1*), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(2), Ova Emilia(3)

(1) Politeknik Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan Maluku, Ambon
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Earlier data showed that the mean of achievement index at first year students in Environmental Health Polytechnic of Maluku were decreased for the last 3 years, from 2,9 at year 2008, become 2,6 at year 2010. Students

presence rate in the first semester for science and skills subjects such as basic of environmental health, microbiology, patophysio-anatomy, and health entomology also decreased from 89,09% at 2008 to 77,04% at 2010. Several studies and experts concludes that both quality and quantity of student’s learning are influenced by some factors like achievement motivation, attention, and cognitive process. The decrease on that factors may influence quality and quantity of learning process. The objective of this study is to identify the correlations between achievement motivation and attention to student’s cognitive process at first year students of Environmental Health Polytechnic of Maluku.

Method: This was a quantitative study using survey to 80 first year students academic year 2010/2011. It is used modified instrument Archer’s Health Professional Motivation Survey to assess achievement motivation, Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder to assess attention, and Cognitive Processing Inventory to assess cognitive process. Correlation significance between factors analyzed by using Pearson Correlation.

Results: There were significant correlations between achievement-motivation oriented to mastery learning and performance towards cognitive process. Attention factor also correlated to the cognitive process.

Conclusion: Early stimulations of learning motivation and profession explanation are needed to the first year students. Learning methods that stimulate students engagement are important to improve the quality of student’s learning process.


Achievement motivation, attention, cognitive process

Full Text:



  1. D’Eon MF. Knowledge loss of medical students on first year basic science courses at the University of Saskatchewan. BMC Med Educ. 2006;14(6):5.
  2. Huitt W. Motivation to learn: an overview. Educational Psychology Interactive Valdosta State University; 2001 [diakses tanggal 10 Desember 2010]. Available from: motivate.html.
  3. Suprijanto H. Pendidikan orang dewasa: dari teori hingga aplikasi. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara; 2009.
  4. Elias H, Rahman WRA. Achievement motivation of university students. Journal of Social Science & Humanity. 1995;3(1):1-10.
  5. Perrot LJ, Deloney LA, Hastings JK, Savell S. Measuring student motivation in health professions’ colleges. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2001;6:193–203.
  6. Jiang Y, Chun MM. Selective attention modulates implicit learning. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2001;54A(4):1105–24.
  7. Perrot LJ, Deloney LA, Hastings JK, West DS. Pharmacy student motivation: phase 1 of a longitudinal study. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2001;65:254-8.
  8. Jasper L, Goldberg I. Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) test. Jasper/ Goldberg adult ADD/ ADHD screening quiz. 2010 [diakses tanggal 8 Desember 2010]. Available from: http:// addquiz.htm Crouse SL. The cognitive processing inventory (CPI). LD Info Publishing; 2010.[diakses tanggal 6 Januari 2011]. Available from:
  9. Ormrod JE. Human learning. 5th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2009.
  10. Gibney A, Moore N, Murphy F, O’Sullivan S. The first semester of university life: will I be able tomanage it at all? High Educ. 2010;62(3):351–66.
  11. Woolfolk A. Educational psychology: active learning edition (part 2). 10th ed. Boston: Pustaka Pelajar (dibawah lisensi Pearson Education Inc.); 2009.
  12. Bussing R, Grohol JM. Attention deficit disorder: an introduction to ADD/ ADHD. 2011 [diakses tanggal 29 Mei 2011]. Available from: Lefrançois GR. Psychology for teaching. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth (a Division of Thomson Learning); 2000.
  13. Emilia O. Tips meningkatkan retensi memori. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Profesi Kesehatan Indonesia. 2008;3(1):1-3.
  14. Bengson JJ, Mangun GR, Mazaheri A. Individual working memory capacity is uniquely correlated with feature-based attention when combined with spatial attention. Attention Perception Psychophysics. 2011;73:86–102.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1306 | views : 1382


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Nurlaila Marasabessy, Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Ova Emilia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by: