Hubungan Kualitas dan Kuantitas Tidur dengan Prestasi Belajar pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran

Fenny Fenny(1*), Supriatmo Supriatmo(2)

(1) Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Sleeping is an essential need for every human beings in fulfilling their lives. There are two main components needed to put into consideration; they are sleeping quality and quantity. If the components are being distracted, it will cause impact on memory and concentration system. Consequently, it will cause the decline in academic achievements. The population who are at risk the most will be the collegestudents, especially medical students. Therefore, a research is conducted in order to determine relationship sleep quality and quantity with FK USU students’ academic achievement’s.

Method: This research, which is held from March to December 2015, uses analytic methods of case control study. In this study, there are 594 samples that correspond with inclusion and exclusion criterias; then, 150 subjects are being chosen for the case group and 150 subjects are also being chosen for the control group by using a simple random sampling technique. In addition, the research’s datas are collected by using the PSQI and STQ questionnaires, then, they are analyzed by the SPSS computer program.

Results: A frequency distribution of the bad sleep quality and the less sleep quantity are the most in the USU’s medical students with the respective figures of 185 respondents (61,7%) and 163 respondents (54,3%). The result of Chi Square analysis also shows that there is a significant relationship with the p value <0,0001 (p≤0,05). Besides, the result of multivariat analysis, which uses logistic regression, shows a final model formula is log p (bad academic achievement) = -1,068+0,570(sleeping quality)+1,303(sleeping quantity).

Conclusion: There is a relationship between the sleep quality and quantity with the FK USU students’ academic achievement.



Sleep quality, sleep quantity, college student, academic achievement

Full Text:



  1. Purnama PP. Hubungan tingkatan kecemasan dan gangguan pola tidur pada pasien pertama kali dirawat inap di ruang perawatan umum Rumah Sakit Pusat Angkatan Darat Gatot Subroto Jakarta. Jakarta; 2009.
  2. Sherwood L. Susunan saraf pusat. Dalam: Yesdelita N, editor. Fisiologi manusia: dari sel ke sistem. Ed. 6. Jakarta: EGC; 2011.
  3. Taylor Nelson Sofrens (TNS). Survei indeks pola hidup sehat American International Assurance (AIA). Indonesia; 2013.
  4. Purwanto S. Mengatasi insomnia dengan terapi relaksasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah. Jurnal Kesehatan. 2008;2.
  5. Frank E, Carrera JS, Elon L, Hertzberg VS. Basic demographics, health practices and health status of US medical students. Am J Prev Med. 2006;31(6):499-505.
  6. Eliasson AH, Lettieri CJ. Early to bed, early to rise! sleep habits and academic performance in college students. Sleep Breath. 2010;14(1):71-5.
  7. Dahlan MS. Besar sampel dan cara pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian kedokteran dan kesehatan. Ed. 3. Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2012.
  8. Putra PB. Hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan inteligensia pada siswa kelas X SMA Santo Thomas 2. Medan: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2011.
  9. Angkat DNS. Hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah pada remaja usia 15-17 tahun di SMA Negeri 1 Tanjung Morawa. Medan: SMA Negeri 1 Tanjung Morawa; 2009.
  10. Fridayana. Hubungan antara kualitas dan kuantitas tidur dengan nilai modul pada mahasiswa kedokteran praklinik Universitas Tanjungpura. Pontianak: Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tanjungpura; 2013.
  11. Preišegolavičiūtė E, Leskauskas D, Adomaitiene V. Associations of quality of sleep with lifestyle factors and profile of studies among Lithuanian students. Medicina (Kaunas). 2010;46(7):482-9.
  12. Tarihoran SE. Hubungan pola tidur dengan prestasi belajar mahasiswa keperawatan di Universitas Advent Indonesia Bandung. Bandung: Universitas Advent Indonesia (UNAI); 2012.
  13. Intan M. Hubungan kualitas tidur dengan tingkat prestasi belajar pada siswa boarding school di SMAN 10 Fajar Harapan Kota Banda Aceh. Banda Aceh: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala; 2015.
  14. Killgore WDS, William DS, Lipizzi EL, Kamimore GH, Balkin TJ. Caffein effects on risky decision making after 75 hours of sleep deprivation. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. 2007;78:957-62.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 13702 | views : 93277


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Fenny Fenny, Supriatmo Supriatmo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by: