INTEGRATION OF LEADERSHIP TRAINING IN THE MEDICAL AND HEALTH PROFESSION EDUCATION CURRICULA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.75890

Ni Wayan Diana Ekayani(1*), Ardi Findyartini(2), Eghar Anugrapaksi(3), Vishna Devi V. Nadarajah(4)

(1) Universitas Warmadewa
(2) Departement of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Departement of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(4) School of Medicine and Pro-Vice-Chancellor, The International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Leadership is a crucial competency for health professions to collaborate and improve health services. Health profession schools should facilitate students in developing leadership competency to prepare them for their duties in the future.

Gaps: Indonesia has complex health problems, high-power distance, and collectivist culture. Leadership training in Indonesia has not been widely reported. The tight curriculum, lack of students' awareness about the importance of leadership competency, and students who focus on improving knowledge and skills about their profession are challenges in integrating leadership into formal education.

Recommendation: Health profession schools should identify the needs and domain of leadership competency in the respective profession. We should also identify opportunities to integrate leadership into the curricula. Integration of the leadership program should be conducted longitudinally, all along with the curricula. Preparation of learning methods, systematic assessment, and faculty development should be considered. Last, students must be involved and supported in every activity to make them engage with the program and learn best.


Keywords


health profession, leadership, collaboration, leadership integration

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Vroom VH, Jaago AG. The role of the situation in leadership. Am Psychol. 2007 Jan;62(1):17–24.
  2. Sandhu D. Healthcare educational leadership in the twenty-first century. Med Teach. 2019 Jun 3;41(6):614–8.
  3. Gilson L, Agyepong IA. Strengthening health system leadership for better governance: What does it take? Health Policy Plan. 2018;33:ii1–4.
  4. Basuki B, Priyudha PA, Ismail RI. Several factors increased job dissatisfaction among medical doctors in Indonesia. Health Science Indonesia. 2013;4:11-16.
  5. Webb AMB, Tsipis NE, McClellan TR, McNeil MJ, Xu MM, Doty JP, et al. A First Step Toward Understanding Best Practices in Leadership Training in Undergraduate Medical Education: A Systematic Review. Academic Medicine. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 2014;89:1563–70.
  6. Sultan N, Torti J, Haddara W, Inayat A, Inayat H, Lingard L. Leadership Development in Postgraduate Medical Education: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Academic Medicine. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 2019;94:440–9.
  7. Mboi N, Murty Surbakti I, Trihandini I, Elyazar I, Houston Smith K, Bahjuri Ali P, et al. On the road to universal health care in Indonesia, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):581–91.
  8. Prihatiningsih TS, Widyandana, Hapsari ED, Helmiyati S, Ananda AJN. A lesson learnt: Implementation of interprofessional education in disaster management at Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. J Interprofessional Educ Pract [Internet]. 2017;9:121–5. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2017.10.001
  9. Sari SP, Ayubi D, Martha E. Indonesian health professions students’ perceptions toward an interprofessional education program: Findings after five years of implementation. Makara J Heal Res. 2020;24(2).
  10. Mokshagundam S, Pitkin J, Dekhtyar M, Santen S, Hammoud M, Skochelak SE. Engaging Medical Students in Leadership Development. Med Sci Educ. 2019 Sep 15;29(3):849–53.
  11. Carufel-Wert DA, Younkin S, Foertsch J, Eisenberg T, Haq CL, Crouse BJ, et al. LOCUS: Immunizing medical students against the loss of professional values. Fam Med. 2007;39(5):320–5.
  12. Hopkins J, Fassiotto M, Ku MC, Mammo D, Valantine H. Designing a physician leadership development program based on effective models of physician education. Health Care Manage Rev. 2018 Oct 1;43(4):293–302.
  13. Till A, McKimm J, Swanwick T. Twelve tips for integrating leadership development into undergraduate medical education. Med Teach [Internet]. 2018;40(12):1214–20. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2017.1392009
  14. Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement. Medical leadership competency framework : enhancing engagement in medical leadership. NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement. 2010: 82.
  15. Till A, McKimm J, Swanwick T. The importance of leadership development in medical curricula: A UK perspective (stars are aligning). Journal of Healthcare Leadership. Dove Medical Press Ltd. 2020;12:19–25.
  16. Frich JC, Brewster AL, Cherlin EJ, Bradley EH. Leadership Development Programs for Physicians: A Systematic Review. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 May 1;30(5):656–74.
  17. Quince T, Abbas M, Murugesu S, Crawley F, Hyde S, Wood D, et al. Leadership and management in the undergraduate medical curriculum: A qualitative study of students’ attitudes and opinions at one UK medical school. BMJ Open. 2014;4(6):1–9.
  18. Peters H, Zdravkovic M, João Costa M, Celenza A, Ghias K, Klamen D, et al. Twelve tips for enhancing student engagement. Med Teach. 2019 Jun 3;41(6):632–7.
  19. McKimm J, O’Sullivan H. When I say … leadership. Med Educ. 2016;50(9):896–7.
  20. Lazarus G, Mangkuliguna G, Findyartini A. Medical students in Indonesia: An invaluable living gemstone during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Korean J Med Educ. 2020 Jul 21;32(2):237–41.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.75890

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1345 | views : 896

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Ni Wayan Diana Ekayani, Ardi Findyartini, Eghar Anugrapaksi, Vishna Devi V. Nadarajah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by: