Quality of Life as A Predictor of Happiness and Life Satisfaction
This study aimed to find correlations between the quality of life, happiness, and life satisfaction of the general population of Bandung city. There were 370 participants with averageage of 20.7 years, mostly male (55.7%) and with a secondary level of education (SMP-SMA; 57.0%) who completed three questionnaires: (i) WHOQOL-BREF to measure quality of life, (ii) Happiness Thermometer to measure happiness, and (iii) Self-Anchoring Cantril Striving Scale to measure life satisfaction. Multiple linear regression tests were used with happiness and life satisfaction as dependent variables and quality of life as an independent variable. The results showed that the psychological and physical domains of quality of life were significant predictors of happiness and satisfaction of life, where the psychological domain proved significant in predicting all four-time points: happiness today (β=0.039; p<0.05), happiness throughout life (β=0.043; p<0.05), current life satisfaction (β=0.034; p<0.05) and life satisfaction five years from now (β=0.017; p<0.05). Physical domain was similar to psychological except for current life satisfaction (β=0.029; 0.023; 0.014; p<0.05). The environmental domain had been shown to predict happiness throughout life significantly (β=0.019; p<0.05) and life satisfaction five years from now (β=-0.015; p<0.05). The social domain was not found to be a significant predictor. It can be concluded that improving the psychological and physical function of Indonesian people and their environmental conditions will lead them to a happier and more satisfying life.
Argyle, M. (2013). The psychology of happiness. London: Tylor & Francis Group.
Arifin, B., Idrus, L. R., van Asselt, A. D. I., Purba, F. D., Perwitasari, D. A., Thobari, J. A., Postma, M. J. (2019). Health-related quality of life in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus outpatients measured with the Bahasa version of EQ-5D. Quality of Life Research. doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02105-z
Ball, R., & Chernova, K. (2008). Absolute income, relative income, and happiness. Social Indicators Research, 88(3), 497-529. doi:10.1007/s11205-007-9217-0
Baptista, A., Camilo, C., Santos, I., de Almeida Brites, J., Rosa, J. B., & Fernandez-Abascal, E. G. (2016). What are people saying when they report they are happy or life satisfied. Anales de Psicologia, 32(3), 803-809. doi: 10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
Beutel, M. E., Glaesmer, H., Decker, O., Fischbeck, S., & Brähler, E. (2009). Life satisfaction, distress, and resiliency across the life span of women. Menopause, 16(6), 1132-1138. doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3181a857f8
Bjørnskov, C. (2010). How comparable are the gallup world poll life satisfaction data? Journal of Happiness Studies, 11(1), 41-60. doi: 10.1007/s10902-008-9121-6
Cantril, H. (1966). The pattern of human concerns. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences 2nd ed. New York: Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale.
Cohen, S., Doyle, W. J., Turner, R. B., Alper, C. M., & Skoner, D. P. (2003). Emotional style and susceptibility to the common cold. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(4), 652-657.
Davidson, K. W., Mostofsky, E., & Whang, W. (2010). Don't worry, be happy: positive affect and reduced 10-year incident coronary heart disease: the Canadian Nova Scotia Health Survey. European Heart Journal, 31(9), 1065-1070. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehp603
Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2000). Money and happiness: Income and subjective well-being across nations Culture and subjective well-being. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Dunkley, D. M., Zuroff, D. C., & Blankstein, K. R. (2003). Self-critical perfectionism and daily affect: Dispositional and situational influences on stress and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 234.
Endarti, D., Riewpaiboon, A., Thavorncharoensap, M., Praditsitthikorn, N., Hutubessy, R., & Kristina, S. A. (2015). Evaluation of health-related quality of life among patients with cervical cancer in Indonesia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 16(8), 3345-3350.
Evanjeli, L. A. (2012). Hubungan antara stres, somatisasi, dan kebahagiaan. (Unpublished master thesis). Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Fordyce, M. W. (1977). Development of a program to increase personal happiness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 24(6), 511-521. doi: 10.1037/0022-0126.96.36.1991
Fordyce, M. W. (1988). A Review of research on the happiness measures: A sixty second index of happiness and mental health. Social Indicators Research, 20(4), 355-381.
Gallagher, E. N., & Vella-Brodrick, D. A. (2008). Social support and emotional intelligence as predictors of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(7), 1551-1561.
Graham, C., Zhou, S., & Zhang, J. (2017). Happiness and health in China: The paradox of progress. World Development, 96, 231-244. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.03.009
Grant, N., Wardle, J., & Steptoe, A. (2009). The relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: A cross-cultural analysis of young adults. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16(3), 259-268. doi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x
Howell, K. H., Coffey, J. K., Fosco, G. M., Kracke, K., Nelson, S. K., Rothman, E. F., & Grych, J. H. (2016). Seven reasons to invest in well-being. Psychology of Violence, 6(1), 8.
Knight, J., Lina, S., & Gunatilaka, R. (2009). Subjective well-being and its determinants in rural China. China Economic Review, 20(4), 635-649.
Lubetkin, E. I., Jia, H., Franks, P., & Gold, M. R. (2005). Relationship among sociodemographic factors, clinical conditions, and health-related quality of life: examining the EQ-5D in the U.S. general population. Quality of Life Research, 14(10), 2187-2196. doi: 10.1007/s11136-005-8028-5
Nilan, P., Parker, L., Bennett, L., & Robinson, K. (2011). Indonesian youth looking towards the future. Journal of Youth Studies, 14(6), 709-728. doi: 10.1080/13676261.2011.580523
Novianti, L. E., Purba, F. D., Noer, A. H., & Kendhawati, L. (2018). Pernikahan dalam perspektif masyarakat Bandung. Jurnal Psikogenesis, 6(1), 79-90.
Ojala, M. (2005). Adolescents’ worries about environmental risks: Subjective well-being, values, and existential dimensions. Journal of Youth Studies, 8(3), 331-347.
Pettit, J. W., Kline, J. P., Gencoz, T., Gencoz, F., & Joiner, T. E. (2001). Are happy people healthier? The specific role of positive affect in predicting self-reported health symptoms. Journal of Research in Personality, 35(4), 521-536. doi: 10.1006/jrpe.2001.2327
Purba, F. D., & Fitriana, T. S. (2019). Sociodemographic determinants of reporting mental health problems in Indonesian urban population. Psychological Research on Urban Society, 2(1), 59-64.
Purba, F. D., Hunfeld, J. A., Iskandarsyah, A., Fitriana, T. S., Sadarjoen, S. S., Passchier, J., & Busschbach, J. J. (2018a). Quality of life of the Indonesian general population: Test-retest reliability and population norms of the EQ-5D-5L and WHOQOL-BREF. PloS One, 13(5), e0197098.
Purba, F. D., Hunfeld, J. A. M., Fitriana, T. S., Iskandarsyah, A., Sadarjoen, S. S., Busschbach, J. J. V., & Passchier, J. (2018b). Living in uncertainty due to floods and pollution: the health status and quality of life of people living on an unhealthy riverbank. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 782. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5706-0
Rahayu, T. P. (2016). Determinan kebahagiaan di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 19(1), 149-170.
Seligman, M. E. (2012). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Setyowibowo, H., Purba, F. D., Hunfeld, J. A. M., Iskandarsyah, A., Sadarjoen, S. S., Passchier, J., & Sijbrandij, M. (2018). Quality of life and health status of Indonesian women with breast cancer symptoms before the definitive diagnosis: A comparison with Indonesian women in general. PloS One, 13(7), e0200966. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200966
Skevington, S. M., Lotfy, M., & O'Connell, K. A. (2004). The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A report from the WHOQOL group. Quality of Life Research, 13(2), 299-310.
Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (2011). Positive affect measured using ecological momentary assessment and survival in older men and women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(45), 18244. doi:10.1073/pnas.1110892108
Strine, T. W., Chapman, D. P., Balluz, L. S., Moriarty, D. G., & Mokdad, A. H. (2008). The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among U.S. community-dwelling adults. Journal of Community Health, 33(1), 40-50. doi: 10.1007/s10900-007-9066-4
The WHOQOL Group. (1996). WHOQOL-BREF: Introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/76.pdf
The WHOQOL Group. (1998). Development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28(3), 551-558.
Veenhoven, R. (2009). How do we assess how happy we are? Tenets, implications and tenability of three theories. Happiness, Economics and Politics, 45-69.
Veenhoven, R. (2012a). Happiness: Also known as “Life Satisfaction” and “Subjective Well-Being”. In K. C. Land, A. C. Michalos, & M. J. Sirgy (Eds.), Handbook of social indicators and quality of life research (pp. 63-77). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
Veenhoven, R. (2012b). Measures of happiness: World database of happiness. Rotterdam: Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Xu, J., & Roberts, R. E. (2010). The power of positive emotions: It’s a matter of life or death—Subjective well-being and longevity over 28 years in a general population. Health Psychology, 29(1), 9-19. doi: 10.1037/a0016767
Zautra, A. J., Johnson, L. M., & Davis, M. C. (2005). Positive affect as a source of resilience for women in chronic pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(2), 212-220. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.212
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Psikologi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.