Evaluasi Terhadap Asumsi Teoritis Individualisme dan Kolektivisme: Sebuah Studi Meta Analisis
Since Hofstede (1980) published his research about individualism‐collectivism differences among countries, interest in crosscultural study increased dramatically. However not all studies support each other. So the purpose of this study is to evaluate primary studies that studied individualism‐collctivism differences. Articles selected from electronic database (e.g. Proquest, EBSCO, and ERIC) for
publication. Forty nine studies were found, but only 15 studies that were relevant. After final evaluation, only 3 studies with 7 data points that actually could be analized. This study found that there are differences between individualist and collectivist countries
in horizontal collectivism. People in collectivist countries are more collectivist than people in individualist countries. In vertical individualism, horizontal individualism, and vertical collectivism dimension, homogeneity coefficient (Q) shows that sample drawn from the same source differ systematically. However we can
not do moderator analysis because of number of studies are limited. Thus, this study can not explain moderator variables that influence effectc size variation.
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