StopAbleism: Reduksi stigma kepada penyandang disabilitas melalui intervensi bias implisit

Cleoputri Al Yusainy, Slamet Thohari, Rachmad Gustomy
(Submitted 4 February 2016)
(Published 8 November 2016)


Diskriminasi kepada penyandang disabilitas dipengaruhi oleh dinamika antara stigma eksplisit dan stigma implisit. Eksperimen ini bertujuan untuk menguji apakah dalam konteks disabilitas fisik (1) stigma eksplisit memiliki asosiasi dengan stigma implisit, dan (2) paradigma bias implisit dapat mereduksi stigma eksplisit. Partisipan (N = 98 mahasiswa) dibagi ke dalam tiga kondisi eksperimen, yaitu kelompok yang terlebih dahulu mengerjakan (1) kuesioner stigma eksplisit (kelompok kontrol), (2) instrumen stigma implisit, diikuti feedback atas bias implisit (feedback segera), dan (3) instrumen stigma implisit, diikuti kuesioner stigma eksplisit dan feedback atas bias implisit (feedback tertunda). Stigma implisit diukur melalui adopsi computer-based response-latency task berupa Single-Category Implicit Association Test (SC-IAT), stigma eksplisit diukur melalui kuesioner self-reported. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) tidak adanya korelasi antara stigma implisit dan stigma eksplisit, dan (2) pengerjaan instrumen stigma implisit dengan feedback tertunda dapat mereduksi sebagian stigma eksplisit. Paradigma bias implisit berpotensi meningkatkan efektivitas intervensi terhadap ableism, setidaknya dalam jangka pendek


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DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.9168


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