VARIATIONS OF DIRECTIVE SPEECH ACT IN TEMBANG DOLANAN

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.10591

Daru Winarti(1*), I Dewa Putu Wijana(2), Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo(3), Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra(4)

(1) Nusantara Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gajah Mada
(2) Indonesian Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gajah Mada
(3) Indonesian Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gajah Mada
(4) Anthropology Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gajah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article discusses the directive speech acts contained in tembang dolanan. Using a pragmatic approach, particularly the framework of speech act theory, this article analyzes the different types of directive speech acts, the context which it embodies, and the level of decency. The data used in this research consisted of various tembang dolanan that contain directive statements. These data were analyzed using interpretation and inference by presenting it in the form of descriptive analysis. Descriptive analysis is meant to describe, systematically illustrating or elaborating the facts and relationships between phenomena. In the dolanan song, directive speech acts can be expressed directly or indirectly. Direct expression is conventionally used to rule, invite, and forward, while indirect expression is used when instead of by a command line, the intention is ruled by statement sentences, obligation-stating sentences, and questions. The use of direct speech acts generally does not have the value of politeness because they tend to still contain elements of coercion, have no effort to obscure the form of an order, and show the superiority of the speakers. On the other hand, the use of indirect speech acts seems to be an attempt to obscure the commandments to be more polite in the hope opponents would happily respond to commands.

Keywords


context, decency, directive, speech act, tembang dolanan

Full Text:

PDF


References

Austin, JL. 1975. How To Do Things with Words. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dananjaya, James. (1991). Folklore Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Umum

Dwidjosoebroto, K.O.S. (1992). Himpunan Lagu-lagu Dolanan Anak. Yogyakarta: Taman Kesenian Ibu Pawiyatan.

Endraswara, Suwardi. (2010). Folklor Jawa: Macam, Bentuk, dan Nilainya. Jakarta: Penaku.

Harjawiyana, Haryana. (1986). “Bentuk Ulang dalam Nyanyian Rakyat Jawa”. Yogyakarta: Proyek Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kebudayaan Nusantara (Javanologi).

Jatirahayu, Warih dan Pringgawidagda, Suwarna. (2004). Puspa Sumekar. Budi Pekerti ing Lagu Dolanan Anak. Yogyakarta: VV. Grafika Indah.

Katno, Pak. (1940). “Taman Suka”. Mataram.

Leech, Geoffrey. (1983). Prinsiples of Pragmatics. New York: Longman Group Limited

Levinson, Stephen C. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. New York: Longman

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. (2005). Sastra Anak. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Overback, H. (1938). Javaansche Meisjesspelen en Kinderliedjes. Jogjakarta: Java-Instituut.

Padmosoekotjo, S. (1960). Ngengrengan Kasusastran Djawa II. Jogjakarta: Hien Hoo Sing.

Prana, Indiyah A.W. (2010). Permainan Tradisional Jawa. Klaten: Intan Pariwara.

Ramlan, M. (2005). Ilmu Bahasa Indonesia: Sintaksis. Yogyakarta: CV. Karyono.

Rahardi, R. Kunjana. (2000). Imperatif dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

___________________. (2005). Pragmatik Kesantunan Imperatif Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga

Searle, J.R. (1971). Speech Act An Essay in The Philosophy of Language. London: Oxford University Press.

_____________________. (1985). “What is a Speech Act?” dalam Martinich, A.P (ed.) The Philosophy of Language. New York: Oxford University Pers.

Soehardi. (2002). “Nilai-nilai Tradisi Lisan dalam Bahasa Jawa”. Dalam Jurnal Humaniora Volume 14. No. 3.

Solichan, Umar. (2006). “Tindak Tutur Direktif dalam Bahasa Jawa”. Yogyakarta: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana UGM.

Tedjohadisumarto. (1958). Mbombong Manah. Djakarta: Djambatan.

Tim Fakultas Sastra dan Kebudayaan Universitas, (1976). Penelitian Struktur Bahasa Jawa. Jakarta: Proyek Penelitian Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia dan Daerah, Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Depdikbud

Tim Penyusun Kamus, Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. (1991). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Edisi kedua. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Widada. (1999). “Wacana Direktif dalam Bahasa Jawa”. Naskah Penelitian Mandiri. Balai Bahasa Yogyakarta.

Wijana, I Dewa Putu. (1996). Dasar-dasar Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset316



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.10591

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4497 | views : 2834

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Daru Winarti, I Dewa Putu Wijana, Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo, Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 2302-9269 (Online)


web counter View My Stats