The Aesthetics of a Three-Way Pattern: The Musical Concept of Talempong Renjeang and The Social System of The People of Luhak Nan Tigo Minangkabau

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v29i1.22566

Andar Indra Sastra(1*),

(1) Institut Seni Indonesia (ISI) Padangpanjang, Sumatra Barat
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The goal of this article is to discuss the aesthetics of the three-way pattern in the musical concept of  talempong renjeang (tenteng) and the social system of the people of Luhak Nan Tigo Minangkabau. The musical concept of talempong renjeang is formed by 3 (three) pairs of  talempong: talempong Jantan, talempong Paningkah, and talempong Pangawinan. As the ‘leader’, the talempong Jantan maintains the consistency and integrity of the theme and danyuik (tempo) of the playing, the talempong Paningkah follows the lead of the talempong Jantan using different playing motifs, and the talempong Pangawinan has the role and authority to make the guguah (melody) of the talempong complete – creating a three-way aesthetical pattern. The social system of the people of LuhakNan Tigo was created by three legendary figures, namely Dt. Katumangguangan, Dt. Parpatiah Nan Sabatang, and Dt. Nan Sakelap Dunia (RajoBabandiang). From these three figures, the concept of tali tigo sapilin, tungku nan tigo sajarangan was born (a philosophy of harmony). The method used for the research is based on qualitative data which was collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis focuses the talempong renjeang as a musical and the social system of the Minangkabau community which began with two legendary Minangkabau figures. The results of the study show that talempong as a musical system corresponds to, or synchronizes with, the social concept of the people of Luhak Nan Tigo Minangkabau.

Keywords


aesthetics of a three-way pattern, Luhak Nan Tigo, Minangkabau, musical concept, social system, talempong renjeang

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdullah, Taufik (1987). Islam dan Masyarakat. Jakarta: Pustaka Pirdaus.

Adam, Boestanuel Arifin (1986/1987). “Talempong MusikTradisional Minangkabau”. Research Report. ASKI Padangpanjang.

Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Sri (2001). Strukturalisme Levi- Strauss Mitos dan Karya Sastra. Yogyakarta: Galang Press.

Ali, Matius (2011), Estetika Pengantar Filsafat Seni, Yogyakarta: Sanggar Luxor.

Bakker, Anton (1995). Kosmologi dan Ekologi: Filsafat Tentang Kosmos Sebagai Rumah Tangga Manusia. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Capra, Fritjof (2005). The Tao of Physics: Mengungkap Kesejajaran Fisika Modern dan Mistisisme Timur, translated by Aufia Ilhamal Havidz. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Darsono (SoniKartika). (2007), Estetika. Bandung: Rekayasa Sain.

Dobbin, Christine (1992). Kebangkitan Islam Dalam Ekonomi Petani Yang Sedang Berubah, translated by Lillian D Tedjasudana. Jakarta: Innis.

Ihromi, T.O. (2009). Pokok-pokok Antropologi Budaya. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Kato, Tsuyoshi (2005). Adat Minangkabau dan Merantau dalam Perspektif Sejarah, translated by Gusti Asnan dan Akiko Iwata. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Koentjaraninggrat (2004). Manusia dan Kebudayaan I Indonesia. 20th Edition. Jakarta: Jambatan.

Mansoer. M.D., et al. (1970). Sejarah Minangkabau. Djakarta: Bratara.

Merton, Robert K. George Ritzer – Douglas J. Goodman (2004). Teori Sosiologi Modern, sixth edition. Translated by Alimandan. Jakarta: Kencana.

Naim, Mochtar. (1981/1982). “Minangkabau dalam Dialektika Kebudayaan Nusantara.” Dalam Analisis Kebudayaan, Year II. No. 2 (1981/1982), pages 87 to 93.

Navis, Ali Akbar (1984). Alam Terkembang Jadi Guru Adat dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau. Jakarta: Temprin.

Ritzer, George—Douglas J. Goodman, Teori Sosiologi Modern (2008). Translated by Alimandan. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Sairin, Sjafri (1995). Demokrasi dalam Kebudayaan Minangkabau. Jurnal Humaniora, 87–93.

Sedyawati, Edi (2007). Budaya Indonesia Kajian Arkeologi, Seni, dan Sejarah. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sumardjo, Yakob (2010). Estetika Pradoks. STSI Bandung: Penerbit Sunan Ambu Press.

Sastra, Andar Indra (2015). “Konsep Batalun Dalam Penyajian Talempong Renjeang Anam Salabuhan Di Luhak Nan Tigo Minangkabau”. Dissertation. Postgraduate Program Institut Seni Indonesia Surakarta.

------------------------- (2015). The Group Concept Of Building Raso Batalun In The Performance Of Talempong Renjeang Anam Salabuhan. Jurnal Humaniora 42–52.

------------------------- (2016). “Sistem Matrilineal dan Budaya Perunggu: Estetika Pola Dua Sebagai Dasar Pembentukan Satu Sistem Musik Talempong Renjeang Anam Salabuhan”. Presented at Symposium Creativity & Art Studies

Di ISI Yogyakarta 23–24 May 2016.

Pramono, Kartini (2009). Horizon Estetika, Yogyakarta: Kahfi Offset Fakultas Filsafat Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Zubir, Zaiyardam (2010). Budaya Konflik dan Jaringan Kekerasan. Yogyakarta: Insist Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v29i1.22566

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 230 | views : 108

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Humaniora

Humaniora indexed by:

SHERPA RomeoEBSCOCrossref DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journal) Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)  CORE Google Scholar Indonesia One Search WorldCat  LIVIVO Copac JIST   Academic Resource Index (ReasearchBib)  Harvard Library  Electronic Journals Library Columbia University Libraries Leiden University Libraries University of Saskatchewan-Canada Gent University Library Boston University Library Western Theological Seminary University of Oxford The University of Sheffield The University of Manchester   TOCS Journal UK 

web counter View My Stats

Copyright of Humaniora (ISSN 0852-0801 (print), ISSN 2302-9269 (online))

 Creative Commons License