Javanese Language Maintenance in Ahmad Tohari’s Bekisar Merah: A Sosiolinguistics Analysis

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.33987

Ines Ika Saputri(1), Endang Nurhayati(2*)

(1) Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(2) Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to determine the form of Javanese language maintenance and to describe the factors motivating the use of Javanese language in Ahmad Tohari’s Bekisar Merah. This study will also discuss strategies of language maintenance in literature. The research herein applies descriptive qualitative methods. The results of this study show that the maintenance of Javanese language in Ahmad Tohari’s Bekisar Merah occurs in word forms, suluk, and Javanese philosophy. The factors motivating the use of Javanese language as a form of language maintenance in the novel are (1) the background of the author, and (2) the effort to uphold Javanese language. Furthermore, there are two general strategies of Javanese language maintenance, particularly in literature, i.e. (1) literature spreading, and (2) authors’ loyalty to local languages as the manifestation of language maintenance.




Keywords


novel; language maintenance; sociolinguistics

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aji, R. H. S. (2015). Stratifkasi Sosial dan Kesadaran Kelas. Salam. Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Syar’i, 2(1), 32-48.

Bintoro (1983). Makna Kata Sapaan Orang Kedua dalam Bahasa Jawa: Sebuah Analisis Semantik Sederhana. Jurnal Linguistik Indonesia, 1(1), 77-87.

Bolinger, Dwight (1975). Aspects of Language. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

Chaer, A., & Agustina, L. (2004). Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Ciptoprawiro, Abdullah (1986). Filsafat Jawa. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka

Hadipriyatno, K. (2009). Filsafat Keindahan Suluk Wayang Kulit Purwa Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Bagaskara.

Jannah, A., Kusnadi, & Rochiyati, E. (2015). Pemertahanan Bahasa Using di Desa Biting Kecamatan Arjasa Kabupaten Jember (Kajian Sosiolinguistik). Accessed on 19 November 2017, from http://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/68563.

Kosasih, E. (2012). Dasar-dasar Keterampilan Bersastra. Bandung: Yrama Widya

Mardikantoro, H. B. (2016). Pemertahanan Bahasa Jawa Dalam Pertunjukan Kesenian Tradisonal di Jawa Tengah. Litera Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 15 (2), 269-280.

Nababan, P.W.J. (1991). Sosiolinguistik, Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Nurgiyantoro, B. (2014). Penggunaan Ungkapan Jawa dalam Kumpulan Puisi Tirta Kamandanu Karya Linus Suryadi (Pendekatan Stilistika Kultural). Litera Jurnal Linguistik Indonesia, 13(2), 201-214

Nurhayati, E., Mulyana, Mulyani, H., & Suwardi (2013). Strategi Pemertahanan Bahasa Jawa di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Litera Jurnal Linguistik Indonesia, 12(1), 159-166.

Purwadarminta, W.J.S., Hardjasoedarma, C. S., & Poedjasoedira, J. CHR. (1939). Baoesastra Djawa. Batavia: J. B Wolters.

Sasangka, S.S.T.W. (2001). Paramasastra Gagrag Anyar Basa Jawa. Jakarta: Yayasan Paramalingua.

Sumarsono (1993). Pemertahanan Bahasa Melayu Loloan di Bali. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Sumarsono (2011). Sosiolinguistik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. 

Simons, G. F., & Charles, D. F. (2017). Summary by language size. Accessed on 19 November 2017, from https://www.ethnologue.com/statistics/size.

Sugiyono (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Susanto, R., & Rosyid (2017). Ahmad Tohari: Jika Bahasa Panginyongan Musnah, Banyumas Kehilangan Identitas! Accessed on 19 November 2017, from https://www.gatra.com/nusantara/jawa/259251-ahmad-tohari-jika-bahasa-panginyongan-musnahbanyumas-kehilangan-identitas.





DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.33987

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 666 | views : 829

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2302-9269 (Online)


web counter View My Stats