Family Intervention in The Problem of Maternal Death: A Case Study of Pregnant Women in Mbojo, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara

Atik Triratnawati(1*), Anis Izdiha(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


In 2015, the maternal mortality rate in Bima was recorded as 3 cases per 1,000 births, equivalent to 300 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. Although this number is low, it is much higher than the zero mortality rate set by the Sustainable Development Goals. This study discusses the family and community aspects of the maternal health framework, reading the gendered symbolic violence that affect maternal health in Jatibaru Village, Asakota, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara. Data was collected using an ethnographic approach, with techniques including Focus Group Discussions, participatory observation, interviews, and document study. The existence of gender inequities in the family can cause problems when women attempt to access healthcare. Furthermore, families and communities exert control over pregnant women, directing their behavior and attempts to access healthcare according to local customs and traditions. As such attitudes and behaviors are part of the digestive process of knowledge and experience, women often accept and do what is recommended by their families and communities. This social reality of maternal health thus becomes part of gender inequality in society.



mortality rate; family intervention; gender inequality; Mbojo; Bima

Full Text:



Abdullah, Irwan (2006). Sangkan Paran Gender. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, Third Edition.

Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri (Ed.) (2005). Masalah Kesehatan dalam Kajian Ilmu Sosial Budaya. Yogyakarta: Kepel Press.

Allendorf, Keera, (2010). The Quality of Family Relationships and Use of Maternal Healthcare Services in India. Studies in Family Planning, 41(4), 263–276.

Ayuningtyas, D. (2014). Kebijakan Kesehatan, Prinsip dan Praktik. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Bordieu, Pierre (2001). Masculine Domination. California: Stanford University Press.

Burns, A.A., Lovich, R., Maxwell, J., et al. (2000). Pemberdayaan Wanita dalam Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Essentia Medica.

Char, Arundhati et al. (2010). Influence of Mothersin-Law on Young Couples’ Family Planning Decisions in Rural India. Reproductive Health Matters, 18(35), 154–162.

Charter, Marion W. (2004). Gender and Community Context: An Analysis of Husbands’ Household Authority in Rural Guatemala. Sociological Forum, 19(4), 633–652.

Deacon, Roger, (2002). Truth, Power and Pedagogy: Michael Foucault on the Rise of Dicipline. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 34(4), 435–458.

Heard, Holly E. et al. (2008). Family Structure and Self-Rated Health in Adolescence and Young Adulthood. Population Research and Policy Review, 27(6), 773–797.

Irianto, Koes (2015). Kesehatan Reproduksi, Reproductive Health Teori dan Praktikum. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Irwanto (2006). Focus Group Discussions (FGD). Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Mckie, Linda et al. (2004). Starting Well: Gender, Care and Health in the Family Context. Sociology, 38(3), 593–611.

Miles, B.B, and A.M. Huberman (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: UI Press.

Mosse, Julia Cleves (2003). Gender dan Pembangunan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar and Rifka Annisa Women’s Crisis Centre.

Nugroho, Riant (2011). Gender dan Strategi Pengarusutamaannya di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Nugroho, Titus Febrianto Adi (2012). Relasi Perempuan dan Laki-laki Sebuah Perspektif. Yogyakarta: Impulse.

Purwangsih, Sri S. et al. (2002). Kesehatan Reproduksi, Gender, dan Otonomi Daerah: Kebijakan dan Implementasi di Kota Pontianak, Kabupaten Sikka, dan Kota Cirebon. Center for Population Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Policy Paper, No. 53.

Sadli, Saparinah (2010). Berbeda Tetapi Setara, Pemikiran Tentang Kajian Perempuan in Imelda Bachtiar (ed.). Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara.

World Health Organization (2003). Comparative Evaluation of Indicators for Gender Equity and Health. Japan: WHO Kobe Centre.

World Health Organization (2004). Gender, Health, and Work. 2004, (downloaded 2016 July 15) Available from,HealthandWorklast.pdf


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2175 | views : 2548


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free web stats Web Stats

ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Humaniora, Office of Journal & Publishing, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada