Biography as a Source and a Methodology in Humanities Research

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.47412

I Nyoman Wijaya(1*)

(1) Department of History, Universitas Udayana
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study discusses whether a biography can function as a source and a methodology in the research of humanities. Taking biography as a source, researchers of humanities can use a collection of biographical facts as research material or make it as a resource of writing. While taking it as a methodology, they manage to apply biographical methodology as a science in their research. This is not a simple issue because the 1980s biographical thinking cannot adapt themselves with the latest development in the science of humanities after the emergence of post-structuralist approaches. The approach of scientific biography of 1990s cannot adapt itself either, and seems to be awkward, and difficult to be followed up. Therefore, the authority of history as a science in universities in Indonesia needs to hold a congress to seek a contemporary biographical thinking which can keep up with the influence of post-modern approach [beyond modernism] and post-structuralist theories [beyond structuralism] in the researches of humanities. This study attempts to give some preliminary thoughts by revealing the weaknesses of the previous biographical methodology and also attempts to complete it by offering some alternative thoughts through borrowing or absorbing relevant post- structuralist theories.

 


Keywords


biography; source; methodology; post-modernism; post-structuralism

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adiwijaya, Dominique Rio (2011). “Semiologi, Strukturalisme, Post-Strukturalisme, dan Kajian Desain Komunikasi Visual.” Humaniora, Vol. 2, No. 1: 803–813.

Aur, Alexander (2006). “Pascastrukturalisme Michel Foucault dan Gerbang Menuju Dialog Antarperadaban.” Mudji Sutrisno and Hendar Putranto (eds.). Teori-Teori Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Budiawan (ed.) (2011). Ambivalensi Post-Kolonialisme: Membedah Musik Sampai Agama di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Burke, Ciaran Thomas (2011). “The Biographical Illumination: A Bourdieuan Analysis of the Role of Theory in Educational Research,” Sociological Research Online, Vol. 16, No. 2: pp. 1–9 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.5153/sro.2325.

Darian-Smith, Kate, and Paula Hamilton (eds.) (1994). Memory & History in Twentieth-Century Australia. Australia: Oxford University Press.

Evans, Richard J. (1977). In Defence of History. London: Granta Book.

Ferme, Mariane C. (2001). “A Social Biography of Gender in Cameroonian Society and Politics.” African Studies Review, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 187–194. https://www.jstor.org/stable/525582.

Garraghan, Gilbert J. (1946). A Guide to Historical Method. New York: Fordan University Press.

Gonggong, Anhar (1982/1983). “Penulisan Biogaf-ISDN: Sebuah Cita-cita Kristis” Pemikiran Biograf dan Kesejarahan: Suatu Kumpulan Prasaran pada Berbagai Lokakarya Jilid II Jakarta: Department of Education and Culture, Directorate of History and Traditional Values, National History Inventorization and Documentation Project.

Harker, Richard, et al. (2009). (Habitus x Modal)+Ranah=Praktik: Pengantar Paling Komprehensif Kepada Pemikiran Piere Bourdieu. Pipit Maizier (trans.). Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Hasbullah, Moeflich. (n.d.). “Kritik Atas Metode Sejarah Kritis: Kasus Sunan Gunung Jati.” Department of Islamic Civilization and History, Faculty of Culture, Sunan Gunung Djati Islamic Institute. Alumnus of Southeast Asian Studies at ANU Canberra, Australia (https://moeflich.wordpress.com/2008/01/23/kritikatas-metode-sejarah-kritis-kasus-sunan-gunungdjati-catatan-untuk-nina-h-lubis/).

Haryatmoko (2016). Membongkar Rezim Kepastian: Pemikiran Kritis Post-Strukturalis. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Hunt, Lynn (ed.) (1989). The New Cultural History. Berkley: University of California Press.

Keats-Rohan, Katharine Stephanie Benedicta (2007). Prosopography Approaches and Applications: A Handbook (Prosopographica et Genealogica). England: University of Oxford, Linacre College Unit for Prosopographical Research.

Kuntowijoyo (2003). Metodologi Sejarah. 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Laurence, Neuman, W. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif, 7th edition. Jakarta: Indeks.

MD, Sagimun (1982/1983). “Mengapa Biograf,” Pemikiran Biografi dan Kesejarahan: Suatu Kumpulan Prasaran pada Berbagai Lokakarya Jilid II. Jakarta: Department of Education and Culture, Directorate of History and Traditional Values, National History Inventorization and Documentation Project.

Pindha, I Gusti Ngurah (2013). Perang Bali: Sebuah Kisah Nyata. Jakarta: Dolphin.

Rama, Ida Bagus (1981). “Struktur Organisasi Perjuangan dalam Revolusi Fisik.” Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Literature, Universitas Udayana.

Riall, Lucy (2010). “The Shallow End of History? The Substance and Future of Political Biography.” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 40, No. 3: pp. 375–397 https://www.jstor.org/stable/20685511.

Syafei, Suwadji (1982/1983). “Penulisan Biografi,” Pemikiran Biografi dan Kesejarahan: Suatu Kumpulan Prasaran pada Berbagai Lokakarya Jilid II. Jakarta: Department of Education and Culture, Directorate of History and Traditional Values, National History Inventorization and Documentation Project.

Schwarz, Ted (1990). Writing Biographies. Ohio: Writer’s Digest Books.

Stone, Lawrence (1972). “Prosopography” In Felix Gilbert and Stephen Graubard (eds.), Historical Studies Today. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

S. Pendit, Nyoman (2008). Bali Berjuang. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Singh, Sourabh (2012). “Unraveling the Enigma of Indira Gandhi’s Rise in Indian Politics: A Woman Leader’s Quest for Political Legitimacy.” Theory and Society, Vol. 41, No. 5: pp. 479–504. https://www.jstor.org/ stable/23263480.

Surjomihardjo, Abdurrahman (1982/1983).”Penyusunan Biograf Nasional: Pokok-pokok Gagasan” Pemikiran Biografi dan Kesejarahan: Suatu Kumpulan Prasaran pada Berbagai Lokakarya Jilid II. Jakarta: Department of Education and Culture, Directorate of History and Traditional Values, National History Inventorization and Documentation Project.

Thomson, Paul (2012). Suara Dari Masa Silam: Teori dan Metode Sejarah Lisan. Windu W Yusuf (trans.). Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Vansina, Jan (2014). Tradisi Lisan Sebagai Sejarah. Astrid Reza et al. (trans.). Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Wijaya,Nyoman (2001). Biograf Si Penggembala Itik John Ketut Pantja: Pengalaman dan Pemikiran. Denpasar/Yogyakarta: TSP and Pustaka Pelajar.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2007). Serat Salib dalam Lintas Bali: Sejarah Konversi Agama di Bali l931–2001. Denpasar: TSPBooks.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2011). Tutur I Wayan Mastra: Seorang Bali Beralih Keyakinan. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2012). Menerobos Badai: Biograf Intelektual Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Bagus. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2015). Menggapai Mimpi (Menuju Eksistensi Religius) Menghujat dan Memuja Tuhan: Biograf Filsafat Tokoh Pariwisata Bali John Ketut Panca. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2016). Menembus Batas: Professor Sri Darma di Era Global dan Digital. Denpasar: Undiknas University Press.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2018). Bening Embun Perjalanan A.A. Made Djelantik: Putra Raja–Dokter–Budayawan. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2014). Membelah Air: Penggusuran dan Pengusiran Pemangku Pura Sada-Kapal. Unpublished.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2014). Tjokorda Raka Sukawati: Biograf sang Penemu Teknologi Jalan Layang Sosrobahu. Unpublished.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2003). Sang Sendi Dhamma: Biograf Sosial Bhante Thitaketuko Thera. Unpublished.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2016). Meliuk di Atas Angin: Gerak, Suara, dan Warna Pemikiran Seni Prof. Dr. I Made Bandem, M.A. Vol. I–IV. Unpublished.

Wijaya, Nyoman (2011). “Bagaimana Saya Menulis Biograf, Prosopograf, dan Novel Biografs.” Paper presented at Bentara Budaya on March 22, 2011. 

Wirawan, Anak Agung Bagus (2012). Pusaran Revolusi Indonesia di Sunda Kecil 1945–1950. Denpasar: Udayana University Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.47412

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 693 | views : 773

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2020 Humaniora, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada