Prevent Mortality Rates of Pregnant Women in Preeclampsia Condition Based on Characteristics Analysis (Case Study in RSUD Dr. Mohammad Soewandhie Surabaya 2017)

Rifka Irhamna(1*), Xela Adilla Pramesthi(2), Yuman Arya Nasrullah(3), Minarni Wartiningsih(4)

(1) Medical Faculty; Universitas Ciputra; Indonesia
(2) Medical Faculty; Universitas Ciputra; Indonesia
(3) Medical Faculty; Universitas Ciputra; Indonesia
(4) Department of Public Health; Medical Faculty; Universitas Ciputra; Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Preeclampsia is the leading cause of the deaths of pregnant women in Indonesia (30.9%). The cause of preeclampsia until now is not known for sure. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of preeclamptic pregnant women based on age, parity, body mass index and based on a history of hypertension, family history of hypertension, and level of education. Methods: The research method is observasional descriptive. The sampling technique is total sampling. The sample in this study were preeclamptic pregnant women in Dr. Mohammad Soewandhie Hospital in the period of 1 January up to 31 Desember 2017 amounting to 100 samples. Results: The results showed that 55% of preeclampsia pregnant women aged >35 years, 65% of primipaternity preeclampsia mothers, 63% obesity, 67% had no history of hypertension, 78% had no family history of hhypertension, and level of education does not affect the condition. Conclusions and Discussions: The highest risk factors for preeclampsia are age> 35 years, primipaternity and obesity. Therefore, it needs appropriate prevention methods to avoid the emergence of pregnancy problems and their complications include recognizing the signs and symptoms of preeclampsia, be aware of risk factors for the causes of preeclampsia, routine antenatal care, and adopting a healthy lifestyle.


characteristics; preeclampsia; pregnant women

Full Text:



1.Secretariat General. Indonesian health profile in 2016. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. 2017.

2.East Java Health Office. East Java health profile in 2016. Surabaya: East Java Health Office. 2017.

3.Prawirohardjo S. Obstetrics. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo. 2016.

4.Sutrimah S, Mifbakhudin M, Wahyuni D. Factors related to the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant at Roemani Muhammadiyah Semarang Hospital. Obstetric Journal of Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang. 2015;4(1):1-0.

5.Maula MM. An overview of the history of preeclampsia during pregnancy in postpartum mothers based on pre-pregnancy BMI at dr. Tjitrowardojo Purworejo hospital. Yogyakarta: Universitas Alma Ata. 2017.

6.Al-Razak MIZ. An overview of the incidence of preeclampsia with obesity in RSUD dr. soetomo Surabaya in 2014. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga. 2016.

7.Manuaba IBG, Manuaba IAC, Manuaba IBGF. Introduction to obstetric courses. Jakarta: EGC Medical Publisher. 2007.

8.Winkjosastro H, Prawirohardjo S. Obstetrics. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo. 2007.

9.Sudinaya IP. The incidence of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at Tarakan East Kalimantan Hospital. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran. 2007;(11):108 [cited 2019 June 15]. Available from: http://www.

10.Cunningham FG. Obstetri williams. Jakarta: EGC Medical Publisher. 2005.

11.Marliani L. 100 question & answers hipertensi. Jakarta: PT Elex Media Komputindo. 2007.

12. Rambulangi J. Some ways to predict hypertension in pregnancy. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran. 2001;(11):139 [cited 2019 June 15]. Available from:


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2016 | views : 1873


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Rifka Irhamna

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats