The Need of Trusted Primary Care: Lesson Learnt from The COVID 19 Outbreak in Indonesia

Trevino Aristarkus Pakasi(1*)

(1) Division of Family Medicine Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia Klinik Satelit Universitas Indonesia Makara, Depok, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Indonesia declared COVID 19 as an outbreak since March 2020, where the President of Indonesia announced the fist two cases who were cured already. Since then a lot of publication, as well as information, spread out through social media. The hoax buster of the government had already put 134 hoaxes in the website only in one month 1. Thus, one can imagine how difficult for Indonesian people to understand the situation of the outbreak and to properly respond to it. 

Cases increased exponentially and it was estimated that Indonesia would reach 20,000 cases at the end of March 2020 2. The fact is up till the 6th of April 2020, Indonesia reported 2,491 cases 3.

What happens to the estimation? Was it wrong or a lot of underreported cases occur in the community? Is it because of the intervention that the government launched effectively?

Full Text:



1. Hoaks buster. Accessed: 6 March 2020.

2. Elyazae I, Nasir S, Sumowidagdo. Penularan COVID-19 di Indonesia bisa tembus 11-71 ribu akhir April jika tak ada intervensi cepat. March 20, 2020. Available at: 19-di-indonesia-bisa-tembus-11- 71-ribu-akhir-april-jika-tak-ada-intervensi-cepat 129619. Accessed: 6 March 2020.

3. Peta sebaran. Accessed: 6 March 2020.

4. Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number HK.01.07 / MENKES / 182/2020 Regarding the 2019 Coronavirus Disease Examination Laboratory Network (COVID-19).

5. Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number HK.01.07 / MENKES / 169/2020 Regarding the Designation of Referral Hospitals for Prevention of Certain Emerging Infection.

6. Indonesian Medical Council Regulation Number 65 Year 2019 Concerning Professional Education Standards for Family Medicine Specialist Family Services Doctors.

7. Azwar A. Introduction to Family Physician Services. Jakarta, The Indonesian Doctors Association Publishing Foundation; 1997.

8. Rifki N. Holistic Diagnosis. 3rd ed. Jakarta, Department of IKK FKUI; 2017.

9. Susilo A, Rumende Cm, Pitoyo CW Coronavirus Disease 2019: Current Literature Review. J INA Disease, 7 (1), 2020: 45-67.

10. Isbaniah F, Kusumowardhani D, Sitompul PA, Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Coronavirus Disease (COVID 9) 4th Revision. Jakarta: Directorate General of Disease Prevention and Control of the Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2020.

11. IRO FK UGM. Peran dokter layanan primer, menyehatkan penduduk Indonesia. April 4, 2017. Available at: Accessed 7th April 2020.

12. Mold F, Hendy J, Yi LL, de Lusignan S. Electronic consultation in primary care between proiders and patients: systematic review. JMIR Med Inform 2019; 7 (4): e13042.

13. Greenhalg T, Koh GCH, Car J. Covid-19: a remote assessment in primary care. BMJ 2020: 368: m1182.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1718 | views : 1826


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Trevino Aristarkus Pakasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats