The Building Information Modeling (BIM)-Based System Framework to Implement Circular Economy in Construction Waste Management
The tremendous quantity of waste produced from construction and demolition is a major cause of environmental degradation. This quantity tends to increase due to the rapid growth of building development and renovation. Meanwhile, construction waste management is a complex and costly process due to the fact that it requires different kinds of resources such as money, land, and technology. It is often ignored by all project participants even though it is an essential element of construction project management. However, it has been discovered that modern construction waste management is structured based on the concept of circular economy which focuses on eliminating construction waste and maximizing the value of materials. Therefore, this research proposes an innovative framework to implement the circular economy using building information modeling (BIM) in order to improve the construction waste management process. This involved a thorough review of past literature to identify the implementation of the concept of circular economy, waste management, and the application of BIM, also the research gaps observed were used to develop the functionality of the proposed framework. The five functionalities include (1) visualization and data integration, (2) direct construction waste quantity take-off, (3) BIM-based sorting system and selection of appropriate disposal parties, (4) estimating cost and schedule of waste disposal, and (5) simulation and monitoring report. This BIM system was designed to analyze material waste, quantity, disposal time, and waste treatment based on project conditions, material quantities, and schedule. It can also be used to plan and monitor the construction waste process, thereby making it possible to avoid the disruption of productivity and project time usually caused by unplanned waste management activities. Moreover, the proposed on-site sorting system also has the ability to facilitate the adoption of the circular economy concept during the construction phase.
Adams, K.T., Osmani, M., Thorpe, T. and Thornback, J., 2017. Circular economy in construction: current awareness, challenges and enablers. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, 170(WR1), pp.15–24.
Ajayi, S.O., Oyedele, L.O., Bilal, M., Akinade, O.O., Alaka, H.A., Owolabi, H.A. and Kadiri, K.O., 2015. Waste effectiveness of the construction industry: Understanding the impediments and requisites for improvements. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 102, pp.101–112.
Akanbi, L.A., Oyedele, L.O., Omoteso, K., Bilal, M., Akinade, O.O., Ajayi, A.O., Davila Delgado, J.M. and Owolabi, H.A., 2019. Disassembly and deconstruction analytics system (D-DAS) for construction in a circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 223, pp.386–396.
Akbarieh, A., Jayasinghe, L.B., Waldmann, D. and Teferle, F.N., 2020. BIM-based end-of-lifecycle decision making and digital deconstruction: Literature review. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(7).
Akinade, O.O., Oyedele, L.O., Ajayi, S.O., Bilal, M., Alaka, H.A., Owolabi, H.A. and Arawomo, O.O., 2018. Designing out construction waste using BIM technology: Stakeholders’ expectations for industry deployment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 180, pp.375-385.
Akinade, O.O., Oyedele, L.O., Bilal, M., Ajayi, S.O., Owolabi, H.A., Alaka, H.A. and Bello, S.A., 2015. Waste minimisation through deconstruction: A BIM based Deconstructability Assessment Score (BIM-DAS). Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 105, pp.167–176.
Akinade, O.O., Oyedele, L.O., Omoteso, K., Ajayi, S.O., Bilal, M., Owolabi, H.A., Alaka, H.A., Ayris, L. and Henry Looney, J., 2017. BIM-based deconstruction tool: Towards essential functionalities. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 6(1), pp.260–271.
Anastasiades, K., Blom, J., Buyle, M. and Audenaert, A., 2020. Translating the circular economy to bridge construction: Lessons learnt from a critical literature review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 117, pp.1-11.
Arif, M., Bendi, D., Toma-Sabbagh, T. and Sutrisna, M., 2012. Construction waste management in India: An exploratory research. Construction Innovation, 12(2), pp.133–155.
Bao, Z., Lu, W., Chi, B., Yuan, H. and Hao, J., 2019. Procurement innovation for a circular economy of construction and demolition waste: Lessons learnt from Suzhou, China. Waste Management, 99, pp.12–21.
BRE, 2021. SmartWaste -Environmental site monitoring and reporting software. [Online] Available at: https://www.bresmartsite.com/products/smartwaste/ [Accessed 26 July 2021]
Cheng, J.C.P. and Ma, L.Y.H., 2013. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning. Waste Management, 33(6), pp.1539–1551.
DEFRA, 2021. UK Statistics on Waste. [Online] Available at: <https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/uk-waste-data>. [Accessed 22 July 2021]
EPA, 2020. Advancing Sustainable Materials Management. Washington, DC. [online] Available at: <https://www.epa.gov/facts-and-figures-about-materials-waste-and-recycling/advancing-sustainable-materials-management>. [Accessed 22 July 2021]
Fořt, J. and Černý, R., 2020. Transition to circular economy in the construction industry: Environmental aspects of waste brick recycling scenarios. Waste Management, 118, pp.510–520.
Ge, X.J., Livesey, P., Wang, J., Huang, S., He, X. and Zhang, C., 2017. Deconstruction waste management through 3D reconstruction and BIM: a case research. Visualization in Engineering, 5(1).
Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N.M.P. and Hultink, E.J., 2017. The Circular Economy – A new sustainability paradigm? Journal of Cleaner Production, 143, pp.757–768.
Ghaffar, S.H., Burman, M. and Braimah, N., 2020. Pathways to circular construction: An integrated management of construction and demolition waste for resource recovery. Journal of Cleaner Production, [online] 244, p.118710.
Ginga, C.P., Ongpeng, J.M.C. and Daly, M.K.M., 2020. Circular economy on construction and demolition waste: A literature review on material recovery and production. Materials, 13(13), pp.1–18.
Guerra, B.C., Bakchan, A., Leite, F. and Faust, K.M., 2019. BIM-based automated construction waste estimation algorithms: Waste Management, 87, pp.825-832.
Hamidi, B., Tanyel, B., Annie, P. and Walid, T., 2014. Potential Application of BIM in Cost-benefit Analysis of Demolition Waste Management. In: Construction Research Congress 2014. pp.279–288.
Handayani, T.N., Likhitruangsilp, V. and Yabuki, N., 2019. A building information modeling (BIM)-integrated system for evaluating the impact of change orders. Engineering Journal, 23(4), pp.67–90.
Hang, T.T.L., Likhitruangsilp, V. and Yabuki, N., 2020. A BIM-integrated relational database management system for evaluating building life-cycle costs. Engineering Journal, 24(2), pp.75-86.
Hossain, M.U., Ng, S.T., Antwi-Afari, P. and Amor, B., 2020. Circular economy and the construction industry: Existing trends, challenges and prospective framework for sustainable construction. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 130, p.109948.
Hossain, M.U., Wu, Z. and Poon, C.S., 2017. Comparative environmental evaluation of construction waste management through different waste sorting systems in Hong Kong. Waste Management, 69, pp.325–335.
Hwang, B.G. and Yeo, Z.B., 2011. Perception on benefits of construction waste management in the Singapore construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 18(4), pp.394–406.
Iacovidou, E. and Purnell, P., 2016. Mining the physical infrastructure: Opportunities, barriers and interventions in promoting structural components reuse. Science of the Total Environment, 557–558, pp.791–807.
Jayasinghe, L.B. and Waldmann, D., 2020. Development of a BIM-based web tool as a material and component bank for a sustainable construction industry. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(5), pp.1–15.
Jones, P. and Comfort, D., 2018. The Construction Industry and the Economy. International Journal of Management Cases, 20(1), pp.4–15.
Kang, L.S., Moon, H.S., Park, S.Y., Kim, C.H. and Lee, T.S., 2010. Improved link system between schedule data and 3D object in 4D CAD system by using WBS code. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 14(6), pp.803–814.
Kim, Y.C., Hong, W.H., Park, J.W. and Cha, G.W., 2017. An estimation framework for Building Information Modeling (BIM)-based demolition waste by type. Waste Management and Research, 35(12), pp.1285–1295.
Kirchherr, J., Reike, D. and Hekkert, M., 2017. Conceptualizing the circular economy: An analysis of 114 definitions. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 127, pp.221–232.
López Ruiz, L.A., Roca Ramón, X. and Gassó Domingo, S., 2020. The circular economy in the construction and demolition waste sector – A review and an integrative model approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 248.
Likhitruangsilp, V., Le, H.T.T., and Yabuki, N., 2019. Integrating Building Information Modeling and Visual Programming for Building Life-Cycle Cost Anaylsis. Proc. of the Tenth International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference (ISEC 2019), Chicago, Illinois, US, May 20-25, 2019.
Lu, W., Chen, X., Peng, Y. and Shen, L., 2015. Benchmarking construction waste management performance using big data. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 105, pp.49–58.
Lu, W. and Tam, V.W.Y., 2013. Construction waste management policies and their effectiveness in Hong Kong: A longitudinal review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 23, pp.214–223.
Lu, W., Webster, C., Chen, K., Zhang, X. and Chen, X., 2017. Computational Building Information Modelling for construction waste management: Moving from rhetoric to reality. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68, pp.587–595.
Mahpour, A., 2018. Prioritizing barriers to adopt circular economy in construction and demolition waste management. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 134, pp.216–227.
Nagapan, S., Rahman, I.A., Asmi, A., Memon, A.H. and Latif, I., 2012. Issues on construction waste: The need for sustainable waste management. CHUSER 2012 - 2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research, pp.325–330.
Nasi, M., Genovese, A., Acquaye, A.A., Koh, S.C.L. and Yamoah, F., 2017. A comparison between linear and circular supply chains: a case research from the construction industry. International Journal of Production Economics, 183, Part B: 443-457.
Núñez-Cacho, P., Górecki, J., Molina, V. and Corpas-Iglesias, F.A., 2018. New Measures of Circular Economy Thinking In Construction Companies. Journal of EU Research in Business, 2018, pp.1–16.
Osmani, M., Glass, J. and Price, A.D.F., 2008. Architects’ perspectives on construction waste reduction by design. Waste Management, 28(7), pp.1147–1158.
Osmani, M. and Villoria-Sáez, P., 2019. Current and Emerging Construction Waste Management Status, Trends and Approaches. Waste, pp.365–380.
Osobajo, O.A., Oke, A., Omotayo, T. and Obi, L.I., 2020. A systematic review of circular economy research in the construction industry. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, 260, p.121046.
Papargyropoulou, E., 2011. Sustainable construction waste management in Malaysia: a constructor’s perspective. Proceeding of Management and Innovation for a Sustainable Built Environment.
Poon, C.S., Yu, A.T.W., Wong, A. and Yip, R., 2013. Quantifying the Impact of Construction Waste Charging Scheme on Construction Waste Management in Hong Kong. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(5), pp.466–479.
Saez, P.V., Del Río Merino, M., San-Antonio González, A. and Porras-Amores, C., 2013. Best practice measures assessment for construction and demolition waste management in building constructions. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 75, pp.52–62.
Sanchez, B. and Haas, C., 2018. Capital project planning for a circular economy. Construction Management and Economics, 36(6), pp.303–312.
Smol, M., Kulczycka, J., Henclik, A., Gorazda, K. and Wzorek, Z., 2015a. The possible use of sewage sludge ash (SSA) in the construction industry as a way towards a circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 95, pp.45–54.
Solís-Guzmán, J., Marrero, M., Montes-Delgado, M.V. and Ramírez-de-Arellano, A., 2009. A Spanish model for quantification and management of construction waste. Waste Management, 29(9), pp.2542–2548.
Won, J. and Cheng, J.C.P., 2017. Identifying potential opportunities of building information modeling for construction and demolition waste management and minimization. Automation in Construction, 79, pp.3–18.
Won, J., Cheng, J.C.P. and Lee, G., 2016. Quantification of construction waste prevented by BIM-based design validation: Case researches in South Korea. Waste Management, 49, pp. 170-180.
WRAP, 2010. Designing out Waste Tool for Buildings. [online] Designing out Waste Tool for Buildings, Quick Start Guide, Version 1.0, Available at: <http://dowtb.wrap.org.uk/>. [Accessed 22 July 2021]
Yuan, H., 2012. A model for evaluating the social performance of construction waste management. Waste Management, 32(6), pp.1218–1228.
Yuan, H., 2013. A SWOT analysis of successful construction waste management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 39, pp.1–8.
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright is granted to authors for the purpose of providing protection for articles written to describe experiments and their results. JCEF will protect and defend the work and reputation of the author and are also willing to address any allegations of violation, plagiarism, fraud, etc. against articles written and published by JCEF. JCEF is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0). The author holds the copyright and assigns the journal rights to the first publication (online and print) of the work simultaneously.