Exclusive breastfeeding and risk of atopic dermatitis in high risk infant

Martaviani Budiastuti, Setya Wandita, Sumadiono(1*)

(*) Corresponding Author


Background: WHO recommends exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months becaase it is highly beneficial. It has
been proven by a number of studies to be advantageous in preventing various infectious diseases. However,
its role in preventing allergic diseases especially atopic dermatitis in infant remains uncertain until recently.
Objective: To find out whether high risk infant who did not receive exclusive breast-feeding would have a
greater risk to suffer from atopic dermatitis.
Method: We conducted a case-control study. Data were obtained from Pediatric Outpatient Clinics and
Dermatology and Venerology Outpatient Clinics, Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. Case group was high
risk infants with atopic dermatitis, while control group was high risk infants but not having the disease.
Statistical analysis used Chi-square and degree of significance was stated as Confidence Interval (CI) of
95% for each Odds Ratio (OR). Multivariate analysis was performed by using logistic regression method.
Results: The study included 88 subjects with 44 subjects for case and control groupas well Logistic
regression showed that not receiving exclusive breast-feeding was statistically significant risk factor to
atopic dermatitis in high risk infant {OR 3.72 (95% CI: 1.40-9.90); p 0.01}.
Conclusion: High risk infant not receiving exclusive breast-feeding will have greater risk to develop atopic
Keywords: exclusive breast-feeding, atopic dermatitis; high risk infants.

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Copyright (c) 2015 Martaviani Budiastuti, Setya Wandita, Sumadiono

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Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.