Economic Losses Estimation of Pathogenic Escherichia coli Infection in Indonesian Poultry Farming

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.37505

Freshinta Jellia Wibisono(1*), Bambang Sumiarto(2), Tri Anggraeni Kusumastuti(3)

(1) Veterinary Science Study Program, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(2) Veterinary Science Study Program, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to calculate the estimated economic losses in national poultry farming in Indonesia that are infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli. Poor management of chicken preservation is a major predisposing factor. Escherichia coli is a normal flora found in the gastrointestinal tract of chicken, but when the chicken stress or decrease immune system, Escherichia coli develops into a pathogenic agent. Pathogenic Escherichia coli appears as secondary infections that aggravate other disease infection. Cost of illness approach was divided into two main categories namely direct losses from disease and indirect losses from other related costs. Direct losses in broiler farms that were infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli through calculation of weight loss of harvest and total mortality, while in layer farms that were infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli, direct loss calculations included decreased chicken egg production and total mortality. Indirect losses on broiler and layer farms included calculation of other expenditure costs at the time of the occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli infections such as cleaning, disinfection and labor compensation costs. Based on the total calculation results obtained that the estimated economic losses incurred on national scale broiler farms reached IDR 14,167,792,041,150, - per harvest period of broiler, while estimated total loss of layer farms on national scale based on the calculation results reached IDR 13,391,996,617,850, - per month. The overall total loss due to this colibacillosis reached 13.10% of total poultry assets in Indonesia. The large proportion of losses incurred to total livestock assets can indicate how important the disease is to be controlled or overcome.


Keywords


Broiler; Cost of illness approach; Economic loss; Escherichia coli; Layer

Full Text:

PDF


References

Dijkhuizen, A. A., R. B. M. Huirne, and A. W. Jalvingh. 1995. Economic analysis of animal diseases and their control. Prev. Vet. Med. 25: 135-149.

Dirjennak Keswan. 2018. Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan 2017/ Livestock and Animal Health Statistics 2017. Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta.

Disnak. 2018. Dinas Peternakan Provinsi Jawa Timur - Dinas Peternakan Propinsi Jawa Timur. Livestock Service, East Java. http://disnak.jatimprov.go.id/web/layananpublik/datastatistik. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Györke, A., Z. Kalmár, L. M. Pop, and O. L. Şuteu. 2016. The economic impact of infection with Eimeria spp. in broiler farms from Romania. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 45: 273-280. http://doi:10.1590/S1806-92902016000500010.

Hastarinda, V. Y. 2016. Kasus Penyakit Kolibasilosis dan dampaknya terhadap produksi ayam petelur di Tunas Muda Farm Kecamatan Palang Kabupaten Tuban. Universitas Airlangga. http://repository.unair.ac.id/53710/14/FV.KT.24-16 Has k-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Landman, W. J. M. and J. H. H. van Eck. 2015. The incidence and economic impact of the Escherichia coli peritonitis syndrome in Dutch poultry farming. Avian Pathol. 44: 370-378.

Lange, G. de. 2006. Preventing Omphalitis to reduce first week mortality - Pas Reform Chicken and Poultry Incubators - Hatchery Automation - Climate Control. https://www.pasreform.com/academy/frequently-asked-questions/day-old-chicks/153-preventing-omphalitis-to-reduce-first-week-mortality.html. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Lui, D. 2017. Melihat potensi industri perunggasan di Indonesia. https://www.kompasiana.com/denlui/melihat-potensi-industri-perunggasan-di-indonesia_5926355c8623bd385f4b3328. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

McMullin, P. 2004. Colibacillosis, Colisepticemia - The Poultry Site. http://www.thepoultrysite.com/diseaseinfo/39/colibacillosis-colisepticemia/. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Norton, R. A. 1997. Avian cellulitis. Worlds. Poult. Sci. J. 53: 337-349. http://doi:10.1079/WPS19970027.

Ortega, S. H. 2012. Pencegahan Omphalitis Untuk Menekan Kematian Minggu Pertama BLOG Perunggasan Indonesia. https://unggasindonesia.wordpress.com/2012/03/09/pencegahan-omphalitis-untuk-menekan-kematian-minggu-pertama/. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Rice, D. P. 1994. Cost-of-illness studies : fact Single-dose antibiotic treatment for travellers ’ diarrhoea. Lancet. 344: 1519–1520.

Santosa, P. E. 2016. Efektifitas berbagai preparat antibiotika terhadap kasus omphalitis pada ayam broiler. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terpadu 4: 319-322.

Tarmudji. 2003. Kolibasilosis pada ayam: etiologi, patologi dan pengendaliannya. Wartazoa 13: 65-73.

Vandekerchove, D., P. De Herdt, H. Laevens, and F. Pasmans. 2004. Colibacillosis in caged layer hens: Characteristics of the disease and the aetiological agent. Avian Pathol. 33: 117-125.

Wahyuwardani, S., S. M. Noor, M. Andriani, and T. Aryanti. 2014. Kasus kolibasilosis pada peternakan ayam pedaging di Yogyakarta dan Bogor. National Seminar on Livestock Technology and Veterinary http://peternakan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/fullteks/semnas/pro14-93.pdf?secure=1. Accessed: 10 July 2018.

Wiedosari, E. and S. Wahyuwardani. 2015. Studi kasus penyakit ayam pedaging di Kabupaten Sukabumi dan Bogor. Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan 9: 9-13.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.37505

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 329 | views : 279

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.