The Effect of Feed Fermented Rubber Seeds with Rhizopus oligosporus and Neurospora stiophila on the Percentage of Abdominal Fat and Blood Profile of Native Chickens

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.82315

Dadik Pantaya(1), Suci Wulandari(2*), Alditya Putri Yulinarsari(3), Holilul Rohman(4), Qorina Insani Aulia Rizqi(5), Moch. Ibnaq Uzaman(6)

(1) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(2) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(3) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(4) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(5) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(6) Department of Animal Science, Politeknik Negeri Jember, Jember, 68121
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to explore feed ingredients from rubber seed plantation waste and their effect on the percentage of abdominal fat and blood profile due to the high content of rubber seed oil and the presence of anti-nutrients (HCN). The concentrations of Rhizopus oligosporus and Neurospora stiophila inoculum were 109 CFU/g each. This study was subjected to a Nested Completely Randomized Design. The first factor was the type of microbial used. Factor II was inoculum dose (0%, 0.4%, 0.8%, 1.6%, and 3.2%). The best concentration of inoculum was used in the making of fermented rubber seeds to be given to native chickens. The application on native chickens used statistical analysis Completely Randomized Design consisting of 3 treatments, namely P1: feed without using fermented rubber seeds; P2: feed using 5% Neurospora fermented rubber seed; and P3: feed using 5% Rhizopus fermented rubber seed. Significantly different results continued with Duncan's test. The results showed that the type of fungi had no significant effect on the treatment, but increasing the dose of fungi inoculum up to 3.2% had a significant effect on decreasing the content of dry matter, HCN, and crude fiber in rubber seeds. Administration of Rhizopus and Neurospora inoculums had a significant effect on increasing abdominal fat when compared to control. The conclusion of this study was that the processing method before fermentation and the amount of fungal inoculum used during fermentation affected the nutritional and antinutritional content of HCN rubber seeds. The presence of fermented rubber seeds which had either Rhizopus oligosporus or Neurospora stiophila increased the percentage of abdominal fat. Native chickens which were given fermented rubber seeds with Neurospora showed a higher level of stress marked by increased blood lymphocytes


Keywords


Rubber seed; Native chicken; Abdominal fat; Blood profile

Full Text:

8. Suci-Pantaya


References

Abdullah, B. M., J. Salimon, E. Yousif, and N. Salih. 2013. Occurrence of cyanogenic glycoside and cyanide in the Malaysian rubber seed oil. J. Assoc. Arab Univ. Basic Appl. Sci. 14: 83–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaubas. 2012.11.004

Agbai, C. M., I. A. Olawuni, C. E. Ofoedu, C. J. Ibeabuchi, C. O. R. Okpala, I. Shorstkii, and M. Korzeniowska. 2021. Changes in antinutrient, phytochemical, and micronutrient contents of different processed rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed meals. Peer J. 9: 1–26. http://doi:10.7717/peerj.11327.

Aguihe, P. C., A. S. Kehinde, C. I. Ospina-rojas, and A. E. Murakami. 2017. Evaluation of processing methods of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed meal for use as a feed ingredient for broiler chickens. J. Poult. Res. 14: 20–27.

Alfian, Dasrul, and Azhar. 2017. Jumlah eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin dan nilai hematokrit pada ayam Bangkok, ayam Kampung dan ayam Peranakan. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Veteriner 1: 533–539.

Arianto, A., B. Nohong, and Nurhaedah. 2014. Analisis kandungan asam sianida (HCN) pada kacang Koro Pedang (Canavalia ensiformis) dengan menggunakan lama perendaman Nacl yang berbeda. Jurnal Galung Tropika 3: 186–191.

Astuti, M. 2007. Pengantar Ilmu Statistik untuk Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 1 ed. Binasti, Bogor.

Baudouin, K. A., K. Soualio, B. N. Mathieu, and Y. A. Paul. 2021. Hematological profile of broilers and local chickensin korhogo, Cote D’Ivoire. Int. J. Agric. Environ. Bioresearch. 06: 14–23. http://doi:10.35410/ijaeb. 2021.5618.

Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan. 2020. Statistik Perkebunan Unggulan Nasional 2020- 2022. Sekretaris Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Hakim, A. and E. Mukhtadi. 2018. Pembuatan minyak biji karet dari biji karet dengan menggunakan metode screw pressing: analisis produk penghitungan rendemen, penentuan kadar air minyak, analisa densitas, analisa viskositas, analisa angka asam dan analisa angka penyabunan. Metana 13: 13. http://doi:10.14710/metana. v13i1.9745.

Hidayat, N., S. Prabowo, A. Rahmadi, and A. Emmawan. 2021. Teknologi Fermentasi. IPB Press, Bogor.

Malianti, L., E. Sulistyowati, and Y. Fenita. 2019. Profil asam amino dan nutrien limbah biji durian (Durio zivethinus Murr) yang difermentasi dengan ragi tape (Sacchromycess cerevisiae) dan ragi tempe (Rhizopus oligosporus). Naturalis 8: 59–66.

Mardhotillah, A. B. A., H. Darmawan, I. H. Djunaidi, L. C. Hsia, and Y. C. Chen. 2020. Pengaruh penggunaan lemak sapi, minyak kelapa nan minyak kedelai dalam pakan terhadap performa produksi ayam pedaging. Buana Sains 20: 1–6. http://doi:10.33366/bs. v20i1.1891.

Moenek, D. Y., A. B. Oematan, and N. N. Toelle. 2019. Total leukosit dan diferensial leukosit darah ayam kampung yang terpapar Ascaridia galli secara alami. Partner 24: 991. http://doi:10.35726/jp.v24i2.365.

Yerizam, M., M. Zaman, and A. Manggala. 2018. Reduksi HCN di dalam singkong karet (Manihot glaziovii) dengan proses perendaman. Jurnal Teknik Kimia 24: 84–88. http://doi:10. 36706/jtk.v24i3.28.

Mushollaeni, T. W., L. Tantalu, and R. Sanny. 2019. Reduksi Sianida pada Biji Karet melalui Fermentasi. 1 ed. (R. M. Putri, editor.). UNITRI Press, Malang.

Napirah, A. 2013. Pengaruh penambahan tepung kunyit (Curcuma domestica Valet) dalam pakan terhadap parameter hematologi darah puyuh (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) pedaging. Buletin Peternakan 37: 114. http://doi:10.21059/buletinpeternak.v37i2.2 429.

Nursiwi, A., D. Ishartani, A. M. Sari, and K. Nisyah. 2018. Perubahan kadar protein, kadar serat, dan kadar fenol selama fermentasi tempe Lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala). Pros. Semin. Nas. Fak. Pertan. UNS. 2:F.81-87. http://jurnal.fp.uns.ac.id/index. php/semnas/article/view/1160/821

Nwokolo, E. and J. Smartt. 2012. Food and Feed Legumes and Oilseeds. Springer US, Inggris.

Onunkwo, D. N., U.E. Ufot, B. N. Ezenyilimba, J. N. Omumuabuike, and F. C. Ezeoke. 2022. Blood profile of finisher broiler chickens fed diet containing leaf meal composite as alternative to commercial broiler premix. Niger. Agric. 24: 103–110. https://www.ajol. info/index.php/naj/article/view/215000/2027 53

Qin, Y., B. Duan, J. A. Shin, H. J. So, E. S. Hong, H. G. Jeong, J. H. Lee, and K. T. Lee. 2021. Effect of fermentation on cyanide and ethyl carbamate contents in cassava flour and evaluation of their mass balance during labscale continuous distillation. Foods. 10. http://doi:10.3390/foods10051089.

SNI. 2006. Pakan anak ayam ras pedaging (broiler starter). SNI 01-3930-2006. SK Penetapan 178/KEP/BSN/12/2006.

Sultan, U., Z. Abidin, N. Huda, C. F. Komilus, and L. A. Oluodo. 2018. Potential utilization of rubber seed meal as feed and food. Int. J. Eng. Technol. 7: 64–71. http://doi:10.14419/ ijet.v7i4.43.25821.

Suningsih, N., W. Ibrahim, O. Liandris, and R. Yulianti. 2019. Kualitas fisik dan nutrisi jerami padi fermentasi pada berbagai penambahan starter. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia 14: 191–200. http://doi:10.31186/ jspi.id.14.2.191-200.

Supriadi. 2014. Budidaya dan Pakan Ayam Buras. Loka Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Kepulauan Riau. 7.

Suwignyo, B., L. L. Munawaroh, and I. G. S. Budisatria. 2015. Effect of material and fermentation time on quality and digestibility of complete feed, average daily gain of bligon goat and Farmer’s income. J. Indones. Trop. Anim. Agric. 40: 23–30. http://doi:10.14710/jitaa.40.1.23-30.

Tavaniello, S., A. Fatica, M. Palazzo, S. Zejnelhoxha, M. Wu, L. De Marco, E. Salimei, and G. Maiorano. 2022. Carcass and meat quality traits of medium-growing broiler chickens fed soybean or pea bean and raised under semi-intensive conditions. Animals. 12. http://doi:10.3390/ani122 02849.

Wattiheluw, M. J. 2012. Pengaruh konsentrat campuran kohay dan dedak terfermentasi dosis Rhizopus Oligosporus terhadap kadar protein kasar, lemak kasar, dan serat kasar. Ijas. 2: 95–99.

Yatno, R. Murni, and E. Novita. 2015. Kandungan asam sianida, bahan kering dan bahan organik tepung biji karet hasil pengukusan. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 8: 58– 65. http://doi:10.22437/jiiip.v18i2.2674.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.82315

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 32 | views : 23

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.