Understanding the Psychological Perspective of Political Trust in Indonesia Context

Indro Adinugroho
(Submitted 26 June 2020)
(Published 2 December 2021)


Political trust, conceptually understood as a trust in politics, refers to the positive expectation from the citizen that the government, as an institution leader, will deliver citizen’s best interest through policies and regulations. Political trust is considered as one of the indicators that mark legitimation of existing government in addition to the result from election. Trust in politics is a fundamental element that can connect government and citizens for which benefit policies acceptance and avoid political conflict. The dynamic interaction between government and citizens is the most valuable aspect in democracy, of which the government, as the highest administrator, carries aspiration from the public. For Indonesia, a democratic country with its uniqueness in culture, it is crucial to investigate factors that might contribute as the dimensions of political trust. Such comprehensive understanding can inform the betterment of the democratic practices in Indonesia towards a more robust democracy. In this review study, the author analyzed political trust from a psychological perspective and proposes four basic dimensions to understand political trust from Indonesian perspective. These are cultural dimension, gender dimension, subjective preference dimension, and performance dimension.


political; trust; culture; gender; government

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/buletinpsikologi.57311


Anderson, C. J., & LoTempio, A. J. (2002). Winning, losing and political trust in America. British Journal of Political Science, 335-351.

Atriana, R., & Mardiastuti, A. (2017, May 9). Hakim: Ahok Merendahkan Surat Al-Maidah 51. Detik.com. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3496149/hakim-ahok-merendahkan-surat-al-maidah-51

Bomantama, R. (2018, February 17). Ini Tiga Penyebab Kekalahan Partai Demokrat di Pilpres 2014 Menurut AHY. Wartakota.tribunnews.com. Retrieved from https://wartakota.tribunnews.com/2018/02/17/ini-tiga-penyebab-kekalahan-partai-demokrat-di-pilpres-2014-menurut-ahy

Breetz, H. L., Fisher-Vanden, K., Jacobs, H., & Schary, C. (2005). Trust and communication: mechanisms for increasing farmers’ participation in water quality trading. Land Economics, 81(2), 170-190.

Chen, Y. H., Chien, S. H., Wu, J. J., & Tsai, P. Y. (2010). Impact of signals and experience on trust and trusting behavior. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13(5), 539-546.

Choi, E., & Woo, J. (2016). The origins of political trust in East Asian democracies: Psychological, cultural, and institutional arguments. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 17(3), 410.

Choiriyati, W., & Wiendijarti, I. (2020). Popularitas Selebriti sebagai Komoditas Politik. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(2), 128-142.

Conover, P. J., & Feldman, S. (1981). The origins and meaning of liberal/conservative self-identifications. American Journal of Political Science, 617-645.

Declerck, C. H., Boone, C., Pauwels, L., Vogt, B., & Fehr, E. (2020). A registered replication study on oxytocin and trust. Nature Human Behaviour, 1-10.

Denters, B. (2002). Size and political trust: evidence from Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 20(6), 793-812.

Dhont, K., & Van Hiel, A. (2011). Direct contact and authoritarianism as moderators between extended contact and reduced prejudice: Lower threat and greater trust as mediators. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 14(2), 223-237.

Dwiyanto, A. (2013). Mengembalikan kepercayaan publik melalui reformasi birokrasi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Theiss-Morse, E., & Barton, D. G. (2017). Emotion, cognition, and political trust. In Handbook on Political Trust. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Fernandez, P. R., Kaur, S., Lean, M. L., & Ng, K. H. (2016). Trust and politics in risk communication: Discourse analysis on radio frequency (RF) exposure in Malaysia. Journal of Modern Languages, 26(1), 71-94.

Franklin, D., & Marshall, R. (2019). Adding co-creation as an antecedent condition leading to trust in business-to-business relationships. Industrial Marketing Management, 77, 170-181.

Furumo, K., de Pillis, E., & Green, D. (2009). Personality influences trust differently in virtual and face-to-face teams. International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, 9(1), 36-58.

Ghozali, A. M. (2014). Kepemimpinan politik wanita: Antara doktrin agama dan fakta sejarah (pemikiran fatima mernissi dalam al-sulthanat al-mansyiat. Madania: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman, 18(2), 215-222

Godefroidt, A., Langer, A., & Meuleman, B. (2017). Developing political trust in a developing country: the impact of institutional and cultural factors on political trust in Ghana. Democratization, 24(6), 906-928.

Güth, W., Ockenfels, P., & Wendel, M. (1997). Cooperation based on trust. An experimental investigation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 18(1), 15-43.

Grimmelikhuijsen, S., & Knies, E. (2017). Validating a scale for citizen trust in government organizations. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 83(3), 583-601.

Gunawan, D. R. (2016). Penerapan Sistem E-Budgeting Terhadap Transparansi Dan Akuntabilitas Keuangan Publik (Studi Pada Pemerintah Kota Surabaya). AKRUAL: Jurnal Akuntansi, 8(1), 72-102.

Hanifah, S. I., & Praptoyo, S. (2015). Akuntabilitas dan Transparansi Pertanggungjawaban Anggaran Pendapatan Belanja Desa (APBDes). Jurnal Ilmu & Riset Akuntansi, 4(8), 1-15.

Hannikainen, I. R., Miller, R. M., & Cushman, F. A. (2017). Act versus impact: Conservatives and liberals exhibit different structural emphases in moral judgment. Ratio, 30(4), 462-493.

Harris, P., Lock, A., Schiffman, L., Thelen, S. T., & Sherman, E. (2010). Interpersonal and political trust: modeling levels of citizens' trust. European Journal of Marketing.

Herawati, Y. (2012, September 1). Rizieq: Pilih Pemimpin Beragama Islam, Harga Mati. News.Okezone.com. Retrived from https://news.okezone.com/read/2012/09/01/505/683789/rizieq-pilih-pemimpin-beragama-islam-harga-mati

Haryanto, H. C., Rahmania, T., Mubarok, A. R., Dopo, A. B., Fauzi, H., & Fajri, E. (2015). Bagaimanakah Persepsi Keterpercayaan Masyarakat terhadap Elit Politik?. Jurnal Psikologi, 42(3), 243-258.

Hawley, K. (2014). Trust, distrust and commitment. Noûs, 48(1), 1-20.

Hooghe, M., Marien, S., & de Vroome, T. (2012). The cognitive basis of trust. The relation between education, cognitive ability, and generalized and political trust. Intelligence, 40(6), 604-613.

Hooghe, M., & Marien, S. (2013). A comparative analysis of the relation between political trust and forms of political participation in Europe. European Societies, 15(1), 131-152.

Hudson, J. (2006). Institutional trust and subjective well‐being across the EU. Kyklos, 59(1), 43-62.

Hutchison, M. L. (2011). Territorial threat and the decline of political trust in Africa: A multilevel analysis. Polity, 43(4), 432-461.

Idris, N. (2017). Mengkaji Ulang Pola Komunikasi Pemerintah Dalam Pemberdayaan Suku Anak Dalam Di Provinsi Jambi. Jurnal Penelitian Pers Dan Komunikasi Pembangunan, 21(1), 37-48.

Inbar, Y., Pizarro, D. A., & Bloom, P. (2009). Conservatives are more easily disgusted than liberals. Cognition and emotion, 23(4), 714-725.

Jost, J. T., West, T. V., & Gosling, S. D. (2009). Personality and ideology as determinants of candidate preferences and" Obama conversion" in the 2008 US presidential election. Du Bois Review, 6(1), 103.

Kosfeld, M., Heinrichs, M., Zak, P. J., Fischbacher, U., & Fehr, E. (2005). Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature, 435(7042), 673-676.

Leunissen, J. M., De Cremer, D., & Folmer, C. P. R. (2012). An instrumental perspective on apologizing in bargaining: The importance of forgiveness to apologize. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33(1), 215-222.

Levi, M., Sacks, A., & Tyler, T. (2009). Conceptualizing legitimacy, measuring legitimating beliefs. American behavioral scientist, 53(3), 354-375.

Liddle, R. W., & Mujani, S. (2007). Leadership, party, and religion: Explaining voting behavior in Indonesia. Comparative Political Studies, 40(7), 832-857.

Lucas, L. M. (2005). The impact of trust and reputation on the transfer of best practices. Journal of Knowledge Management.

Ma, D., & Yang, F. (2014). Authoritarian orientations and political trust in East Asian societies. East Asia, 31(4), 323-341.

Mangum, M. (2016). Explaining political trust among African Americans. Journal of Public Management & Social Policy, 23(2), 7.

Marien, S., & Hooghe, M. (2011). Does political trust matter? An empirical investigation into the relation between political trust and support for law compliance. European Journal of Political Research, 50(2), 267-291.

Mauk, M. (2020). Disentangling an elusive relationship: How democratic value orientations affect political trust in different regimes. Political Research Quarterly, 73(2), 366-380.

Mishler, W., & Rose, R. (2001). What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post-communist societies. Comparative political studies, 34(1), 30-62.

Mone, A. (2017, September 1). Konsensus Politik Kristen vs Katolik dalam Pilgub NTT. Qureta.com. Retrieved from https://www.qureta.com/post/konsensus-politik-kristen-vs-katolik-dalam-pilgub-ntt

Munck, G. L. (2016). What is democracy? A reconceptualization of the quality of democracy. Democratization, 23(1), 1-26.

Nugroho, A. B., Lestari, P., & Wiendijarti, I. (2012). Pola komunikasi antarbudaya Batak dan Jawa di Yogyakarta. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 1(5), 403-418.

Nurmila, N. (2015). Pengaruh Budaya Patriarki Terhadap Pemahaman Agama Dan Pembentukan Budaya. KARSA: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture, 23(1), 1-16.

Oh, S. Y. (2019). Effects of organizational learning on performance: the moderating roles of trust in leaders and organizational justice. Journal of Knowledge Management.

Omara, A. (2004). Perempuan, Budaya Patriarki dan Representasi. Mimbar Hukum, 2(2004).

Poti, J. (2011). Demokratisasi media massa dalam prinsip kebebasan. Jurnal Ilmu Politik dan Ilmu Pemerintahan, 1(1), 17-29.

Pirson, M., Martin, K., & Parmar, B. (2019). Public trust in business and its determinants. Business & Society, 58(1), 132-166.

Rofiq, A. C. (2012). Kontroversi kepemimpinan politik perempuan periode pertengahan: Kasus pemerintahan syajarat al-durr masa dinasti mamlûk. Kodifikasia: Jurnal Penelitian Islam, 6(1), 1-23.

Ronsumbre, N. (2019). Sistem Noken Papua: Manifestasi Demokrasi Berbasis Kearifan Lokal. Sospol: Jurnal Sosial Politik, 5(2), 261-276.

Rothstein, B., & Stolle, D. (2008). The state and social capital: An institutional theory of generalized trust. Comparative Politics, 40(4), 441-459.

Rotter, J. B. (1967). A new scale for the measurement of interpersonal trust. Journal of personality.

Rotter, J. B. (1980). Interpersonal trust, trustworthiness, and gullibility. American psychologist, 35(1), 1.

Rudolph, T. J. (2009). Political trust, ideology, and public support for tax cuts. Public Opinion Quarterly, 73(1), 144-158.

Sakina, A. I., & Hassanah, D. (2017). Menyoroti budaya patriarki di indonesia. Share: Social Work Journal, 7(1), 71-80.

Salamon, S. D., & Robinson, S. L. (2008). Trust that binds: The impact of collective felt trust on organizational performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 593.

Sartini, N. W. (2009). Menggali nilai kearifan lokal budaya Jawa lewat ungkapan (Bebasan, saloka, dan paribasa). Jurnal ilmiah bahasa dan sastra, 1, 28-37.

Shantz, A., Wang, J., & Malik, A. (2018). Disability status, individual variable pay, and pay satisfaction: Does relational and institutional trust make a difference?. Human Resource Management, 57(1), 365-380.

Sønderskov, K. M., & Dinesen, P. T. (2016). Trusting the state, trusting each other? The effect of institutional trust on social trust. Political Behavior, 38(1), 179-202.

Syafputri, E. (2014). Keterwakilan perempuan di parlemen: komparasi Indonesia dan Korea Selatan. Indonesian Journal of International Studies, 1(2), 165-176.

Taylor, J. S. (1976). Raden Ajeng Kartini. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 1(3, Part 1), 639-661.

Van der Meer, T. W., & Zmerli, S. (2017). The deeply rooted concern with political trust. In Handbook on political trust. Edward Elgar Publishing. Visser, M., Lubbers, M., Kraaykamp, G., & Jaspers, E. (2014). Support for radical left ideologies in Europe. European journal of political research, 53(3), 541-558.

Wang, C. H. (2016). Government performance, corruption, and political trust in East Asia. Social Science Quarterly, 97(2), 211-231.

Warjiyati, S. (2016). Partisipasi politik perempuan perspektif hukum Islam. al-Daulah: Jurnal Hukum dan Perundangan Islam, 6(1), 1-27.

Warren, M. (2018). Trust and democracy. The Oxford handbook of social and political trust, 75-94.

Wijayanto, H. (2015). Transparansi Anggaran Pendapatan Dan Belanja Daerah (APBD) Melalui Penerapan E-Budgeting (Dalam Perspektif Teori Good Governance). The Indonesian Journal of Public Administration (IJPA), 1(1), 72-88

Wong, T. K. Y., Wan, P. S., & Hsiao, H. H. M. (2011). The bases of political trust in six Asian societies: Institutional and cultural explanations compared. International Political Science Review, 32(3), 263-281.

Woolley, K., & Fishbach, A. (2017). A recipe for friendship: Similar food consumption promotes trust and cooperation. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 27(1), 1-10.

Wyer Jr, R. S., & Srull, T. K. (Eds.). (2014). Advances in social cognition, Volume I: A dual-process model of impression formation. Psychology Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Buletin Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.