Application of Probiotic and Fermented Feed in the Nursery of Anguilla bicolor

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.34207

Agoes Soeprijanto(1), Guntur Guntur(2), Muhammad Fakhri(3*)

(1) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The main problem in Anguilla bicolor nursery is the low productivity and survival rate (SR) caused by poor water quality and low digestibility of feed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of probiotic and fermented feed on A. bicolor nursery from stadia elver to fingerling. In this study, one treatment of probiotic and fermented feed and one control without supplementation of probiotic and fermented feed were applied. Probiotic of 5 mL/m3 for every three days and fermented feed with protein of 42% were administered for 4 months. The results showed that survival rate of 93% and specific growth rate of 2.82%/day were obtained in the treatment of probiotic and fermented feed while survival rate of 81% and specific growth rate of 2.76% were produced in control tank. Feed conversion ratio and total production in treatment tank were 1.8 and 18.01 kg, respectively. On the other hand, feed conversion ratio and total production in control tank were 2.3 and 14.68 kg, respectively. It can be concluded that probiotic and fermented feed application were able to improve the productivity of A. bicolor.

Keywords


Survival rate; fermented feed; probiotic; nursery; feed conversion ratio; Anguilla bicolor

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abraham, T.J., S. Mondal & C.S. Babu. 2008. Effect of commercial aquaculture probiotic and fish gut antagonistic bacterial flora on the growth and disease resistance of ornamental fishes Carassius auratus and Xiphophorus helleri. J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 25: 27-30.

Affandi, R. 2005. Strategi pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan sidat, Anguilla spp. di Indonesia (strategy on utilization of eel (Anguilla sp.) resources in Indonesia). J. Iktiologi Indonesia. 5 (2): 77-81. 

Agrawal, R. 2005. Probiotics: An emerging food supplement with health benefits. Food Biotechnology. 19: 227-246.

De Schrijver, R & F. Ollevier. 2000. Protein digestion in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and effects of dietary administration of Vibrio proteolyticus. Aquaculture. 186: 107-116.

 

FAO. 2014. Globefish Research Programme, Eel Anguilla spp.: Production and Trade. Rome, Italia: FAO Fishstat Plus.

Fakhri, M & P. Sunarmi. 2017. Aplikasi probiotik pada pendederan dan pembesaran lele Clarias sp. di Kecamatan Tumpang. J. of Innovation and Applied Technology. 3: 429-432.

Felix, N & R.A. Brindo. 2008. Fermented feed ingredients as fishmeal replacer in aquafeed production. Aquaculture Asia. 13(2):33-34.

Hasbullah. 1996. Pengaruh tingkat salinitas (0, 3, 6, dan 9 ppt) dan suhu (23, 26, 29, dan 32oC) terhadap kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan benih ikan sidat (Anguilla bicolor MC.Clelland) pada masa pemeliharaan 0-2 minggu setelah penangkapan dari alam [skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Itoh, T., T. Fujimoto., Y. Kawai., T. Toba & T. Saito. 1995. Inhibition of food borne pathogenic bacteria by bacteriocins from Lactobacillus gasseri. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 21: 137-141.

Ogunji, J., R. Toor., C. Schulz & W. Kloas. 2008. Growth performance, nutrient utilization of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fed housefly maggot meal (Magmeal) diets. Turkish J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 8: 141–147.

Omenwa, V.C., C. Mbakwem-Aniebo& A.A. Ibiene. 2015. Effects of selected probiotics on the growth and survival of fry–fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. 10: 89-93.

Ritonga, T. 2014. Respons benih ikan sidat (Anguilla bicolor) terhadap derajat keasaman (pH) [skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rovara, O. 2010. Alih teknologi pemeliharaan benih ikan sidat teradaptasi di kawasan Segara Anakan [laporan akhir program insentif percepatan difusi dan pemanfaatan IPTEK]. Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi.

Saini, V.P., M.L. Ojha., M.C. Gupta., P. Nair., A. Sharma & V. Luhar. 2014. Effect of Dietary Probiotic on Growth Performance and Disease Resistance in Labeo rohita (Ham.) Fingerlings. International J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 1 (6): 7-11.

Salminen, S., A.V. Wright & A. Ouwehand. 2004. Lactic acid bacteria, Ed.1. New York: Marcel Dekker. Inc

Soltan, M.A. & S.M. El-Laithy. 2008. Effect of probiotics and some species as feed additives on the performance and behavior of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Egypt J. Aquat. Biol. & Fish., 12 (2): 63-80.

Stickney, R.R. 2000. History of aquaculture. In: Stickney, R.R. (Editor), Enclyclopedia of Aquaculture, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1063p.

Suitha, I.M. 2008. Teknik Pendederan Elver/Glass Eel Ikan Sidat. Makalah yang Disampaikan dalam Seminar Indonesian Aquaculture 2008 pada Tanggal 17-20 November di Inna Grand Hotel, Yogyakarta. Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan, Indonesia.

Suryono & M. Badjoeri. 2013. Kualitas Air Pada Uji Pembesaran Larva Ikan Sidat (Anguilla spp.) Dengan Sistem Pemeliharaan yang Berbeda. Limnotek. 20(2): 169-177.

Takeuchi, T. 1988. Laboratory Work-Chemical Evaluation of Dietary Nutrients. In: Watanabe, T. (Ed.). Fish Nutrition and Mariculture. JICA, Tokyo University Fish, pp. 179-229.

Verschuere, L., G. Huys.,G.  Rombaut., J. Ohont., P. Sorgeloos & W. Verstrate. 2000. Microbial control of the culture of artemia juveniles through pre-emptive colonization by selected bacterial strains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 65: 2527-2533.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.34207

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1106 | views : 1600

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Indexed by:

 

 

View My Stats