Literasi Kesehatan Mental dan Sikap Komunitas sebagai Prediktor Pencarian Pertolongan Formal

Anita Novianty, M. Noor Rochman Hadjam
(Submitted 13 March 2017)
(Published 9 August 2017)


Abstract. Mental illness had contributed 23% of global mental health burden. The high number of mental illness prevalence had impact on social and economic burden, yet only 10% was treated by professional treatment. This study aimed to find out the significance of mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness toward formal help seeking. The hypothesis was mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness predicted formal help-seeking. The method was quantitative approach, in which data were collected by paper-pen survey. Total respondent was 168 people living in urban area. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The result showed mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness significantly predicted the formal help seeking simultaneously (F=3,466; p<0,05). This study implied that people who well literate in mental health issues and having positive community attitude in their environment can affect their help seeking to professional treatment.

 Abstrak. Gangguan mental berkontribusi sebesar 23% terhadap beban kesehatan mental dunia. Tingginya angka prevalensi gangguan mental berdampak pada beban sosial dan ekonomi, namun hanya 10% yang menerima penanganan profesional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan signifikansi literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental terhadap pencarian pertolongan formal. Hipotesisnya adalah literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental memprediksi pencarian pertolongan formal. Metode yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kuantitatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan survei kertas-pulpen. Jumlah responcen 168 orang yang tinggal di area perkotaan. Analisis regresi ganda digunakan untuk analisa data. Hasil menunjukkan literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental secara bersama-sama signifikan memprediksi pencarian pertolongan formal (F=3,466; p<0,05). Implikasi dari penelitian ini bahwa orang yang memiliki literasi kesehatan mental yang tinggi dan sikap komunitas yang positif memengaruhi pencarian pertolongan ke penanganan profesional.

Kata kunci: literasi kesehatan mental, pencarian pertolongan formal, sikap komunitas


literasi kesehatan mental; pencarian pertolongan formal; sikap komunitas

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DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.22988


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