Laila Kholid Alfirdaus(1*), Eric Hiariej(2), Farsijana Adeney-Risakotta(3)

(1) Inter Religious Studies (IRS), Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS), Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Inter Religious Studies (IRS), Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS), Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Inter Religious Studies (IRS), Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS), Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Generally studies on pribumi and Chinese relationship in Indonesia are dominated with conflict perspectives. In fact, in practice, the relationship between the two groups can be very dynamic. Amongst social tension arose between them, there are often stories about social harmony, social engagement and social cohesion. This is also what we found in the Minang-Chinese relationship in Padang, West Sumatra. The Minang-Chinese relationship in Padang, West Sumatra, in current period has been not only about social tension. In spite of the strong tension arose due to differences in ethnicity and religious belief, they are strongly tied in running local trading, political party, and other areas of public policy making. Competition in economy often stands together with cooperation. This similarly works in local politics, and, recently, community recovery post 2009-earthquake. Such dynamic relationships is inseparable from ethnic politics constructed throughout Padang history in the past. This paper sees that the relationships of Minang and Chinese are inseparable from the ethnic politics constructed throughout Padang history. This paper tries to portray briefly the journey of Minang and Chinese relationship in Padang and the politics that contextualizes the making of that relationship based on literature research and in-depth interviews. Despite its shortness, this paper is supposed to provide background information for those interested in discussing the issue of ethnicity in Padang and West Sumatra.


Minang, Chinese, History, and Politics

Full Text:




Abdullah, Taufik. (1978). “Impact of colonial policy in Sumatra”, in Haryati Soebadio and Carine A du Marchie Sarvaas. Dynamics of Indonesian History. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Chapter 10, 205-220.

Aditjondro, George Junus. (1998). “The Myth of Chinese Domination”. The Jakarta Post, 14 August, p. 4.

Amal, Ichlasul. (1992). Regional and central government in Indonesian politics: West Sumatra and South Sulawesi 1949-1979.Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Anderson, Benedict RO’G and McVey, Ruth T. (2009). A preliminary Analysis of the October 1, 1965 Coup in Indonesia. Singapore: Equinox.

Arifin, Zainal. (2012). Bulu Babi: Politik Identitas Laki-laki Minangkabau. Jurnal Humaniora, Volume 4, No. 1, 29-36.

Asnan, Gusti. (2002). “Transportation on the west coast of Sumatra in the nineteenth century”. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, On the road The Social Impact of New Roads in Southeast Asia. Volume 158, No. 4,727-741.

Benda, Harry J and McVey, Ruth T. (2009).The Communist Uprising of 1926-1927 in Indonesia: Key Documents. Singapore:Equinox.

Brown, Colin. (2011). A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation?. Singapore: Talisman.

Colombijn, Freek. (2006). Paco-paco (Kota) Padang: Sejarah sebuah Kota di Indonesia pada Abad ke-20 dan Penggunaan Tata Ruang. Yogyakarta: Ombak,.

Colombijn, Freek. (2004). “Islamic influences on urban form in Sumatra in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries”. Indonesia and the Malay World. Volume 32, No. 93, 249-270.

Colombijn, Freek. (1995). “The colonial municipal council in Padang (Sumatra) as political arena”. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. Volume 26, No. 2, 263-288.

Derks, Ton and Roymans, Niko. (2009). Ethnic construct in antiquity: The role of power and tradition. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Dobbin, Christine. (1983). Islamic Revivalism in a Changing Peasant Economy; Central Sumatra, 1784-1847. London: Curzon [Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series 47].

Dobbin, Christine. (1977). “Economic Change in Minangkabau as a Factor in the Rise of the Padri Movement, 1784-1830”. Indonesia. No. 23, 1-38.

Erniwati, E. (2011). Cina Padang dalam dinamika masyarakat Minangkabau: Dari revolusi sampai reformasi. PhD Dissertation. Jakarta: Department of History, University of Indonesia.

Feith, Herbert. (1962). The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in

Indonesia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Hadi, Amirul. (2004). Islam and State in Sumatra: a Study of Seventeenth-century Aceh. Leiden: Brill.

Harian Singgalang. (2000). “Mengenal sosok pejuang PRRI Djamaloe’ddin Wak Ketok: Allahu Akbar, Bazooka pun Menggelegar”. 18 February.

Kahin, Audrey. (2005). Dari pemberontakan ke Integrasi: Sumatra Barat dan politik Indonesia 1926-1998. Jakarta:Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Kahin, Audrey. (1979). Struggle for independence: West Sumatra in the Indonesian National Revolution: 1945-1950. PhD Dissertation. Ithaca: Cornell University.

Kathirithamby-Wells, J (1969). Achehnese control over West Sumatra pepper up to the Treaty of Painan of 1663. Journal of South East Asian History.Volume 10, No. 3, 453–479.

Leirissa, RZ (1991). PRRI Permesta: Strategi Membangun Indonesia tanpa Komunis. Jakarta: Grafiti.

Mackie, Jammie AC and Coppel, Charles A. (1976). “A preliminary survey”, in Jammie AC Mackie (ed.), The Chinese in Indonesia. Melbourne: Nelson.

Mackie, Jammie AC. (1975). The Chinese in Indonesia. Honolulu: The Australian Institute Press.

Olszewska, Dobrusia. (2010). “Chinese minority among Indonesian population: the case study from West Sumatra”. Polish Ethnography. Volume 54, No. 1-2, 89-111.

Refisrul, R and Efrianto, E. (2013). Haji Kamardi Rais Datok Panjang Simulie: Biografi dan Hasil Karyanya. Padang: Balai Pelestraian Nilai Budaya (BPNB).

Ricklefs, MC. (1981). A History of Modern Indonesia; c. 1300 to the Present. London: Macmilan.

Ricklefs, MC. (2001). A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1200.Third edition. London: Palgrave.

Sairin, Sjafri. (1995). “Demokrasi dalam Perspektif Kebudayaan Minangkabau ” . Jurnal Humaniora. Volume I, 87-93.

Setiyono, Benny G. (2008). Cina dalam pusaran politik: Mengungkap Fakta Sejarah Tersembunyi Orang Cina di Indonesia. Jakarta: Trans Media Pustaka.

Soewarsono, S. (2000). “Surabaya: Kota, penduduk, dan hubungan antar kelompok”, in Thung Ju Lan (ed.), Etnisitas dan integrasi di Indonesia: sebuah bunga rampai. Jakarta:PMB-LIPI, 145-148.

Sofwan, Mardanas, at. al. (1987). Sejarah Kota Padang. Jakarta: Department of Education and Culture.

Subiyanto, Benny. (2000). The Politics of Chinese Indonesians after the fall of Soeharto’s New Order. Mimeographed Personal Collection.

Suryadinata, Leo. (1994). Politik Tionghoa peranakan Jawa 1917-1942, translated by FS Hardoyo. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Wertheim, WF. (1959). Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change. Second edition. Van Hoeve: The Hague and Bandung.

Wibowo, Ignatius. (1999). Retrospeksi dan Rekonstruksi Masalah Cina. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Wibowo, Ignatius. (2001). Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Indonesian Chinese after the fall of Soeharto. SOJOURN. Volume 16, No. 1, 125-146.

Yusra, Abrar (ed.). (1997). Tokoh yang Berhati Rakyat: Biografi Harun Zain. Jakarta: Yayasan Gebu Minang.

Zed, Mestika. (1998). Kota Padang pada masa Revolusi 1945-1950. Research Report, DHD 45 West Sumatra, Padang.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2366 | views : 2817


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Laila Kholid Alfirdaus, Eric Hiariej, Farsijana Adeney-Risakotta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free web stats Web Stats

ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Humaniora, Office of Journal & Publishing, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada