Fungsi Afiks Infleksi Penada Pesona, Jumlah, dan Jender pada Verba Bahasa Arab: Tinjauan dari Perspektif Morfologi Infleksi dan Derivasi

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.987

Tajudin Nur(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research analyzes the function of inflectional affixes as person, number, and gender in Arabic verbs from inflectional and derivational morphological perspectives. It is a qualitative research using structural linguistic method. Based on the data analysis, the result shows that there are two systems of inflection in Arabic verbs. They are inflectional suffix and inflectional prefix. The system of inflectional suffix occurs on perfect verbs (madi) and the system of inflectional prefix occurs on imperfect verbs (mudari'). The inflections function to mark the relation of verbs and their subjects in person, number, and gender in a sentence. The existence of inflection system proves that word-order in Arabic is flexible, i.e. the position of the verbs can be before or after the subjects. In addition to that, the system of inflection also shows that morphologically Arabic is inflectional, which means that its words are formed of morphemes. Each morpheme supports the concept different grammar.

Full Text:

PDF



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.987

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1736 | views : 2753

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2012 Tajudin Nur

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



free web stats Web Stats

ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Humaniora, Office of Journal & Publishing, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada